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非政府组织向消除对妇女歧视委员会简要汇报捷克共和国、瓦努阿图、海地和坦桑尼亚的情况

日内瓦(2016年2月22日)——消除对妇女歧视委员会今天下午与非政府组织代表举行会议,听取了有关捷克共和国、瓦努阿图、海地和坦桑尼亚境内妇女状况的信息,这些国家的报告将在本周接受委员会审议。
 
捷克共和国的非政府组织代表提出了对于国内被迫绝育问题的担忧,并提请委员会注意对残疾妇女、罗姆人妇女以及移民和寻求庇护者妇女的歧视。
 
瓦努阿图非政府组织向委员会介绍了残疾妇女和农村妇女的情况,她们遭受着侮辱,无法获得司法救助、医疗以及教育服务。
 
海地的民间社会代表表示,妇女,尤其是残疾妇女扔遭受着歧视、性别暴力和性暴力,肇事者继续逍遥法外。
 
坦桑尼亚的非政府组织发言人对针对女童的切割女性生殖器官、早婚和多配偶制等有害做法表示关切。他们指出了《家庭法》中对妇女的歧视。
 
来自捷克共和国的非政府组织包括捷克妇女游说团、人权联盟和欧洲罗姆人权利中心。瓦努阿图的促进和宣传残疾协会在委员会发言。海地的民间社会组织代表包括与公理暨民主研究所(Institute for Justice and Democracy)和妇女受害者委员会发表联合声明的国际律师联合会(Bureau des Avocats Internationaux)以及与海地女性残疾人联盟发表联合声明的阳关女孩协会。   妇女法律援助中心和人权观察和平等组织(Musawah)向委员会表达了其对坦桑尼亚妇女状况的关切。
 
委员会将在2月23日(周二)上午10点继续公开会议,届时将开始审议捷克共和国的第六次定期报告(CEDAW/C/CZE/6)。

Statements by Non-Governmental Organizations

Czech Republic

Czech Women’s Lobby said that single mothers in the Czech Republic faced greater risks of social exclusion and poverty. There were still deficiencies in the protection of women’s reproductive rights, including medical interventions that were considered harmful, and that were carried out without women’s free and informed consent. Lastly, there was a complete failure by the State to ensure the equal participation of women in decision-making processes, and their under-representation in the public and private sectors.

League of Human Rights said that women with mental disabilities could be stripped of their legal capacities, including their right to enter into marriage and their right to free and informed consent, and could be subjected to forced sterilization. There was also a lack of commitment to ensure inclusive education. Migrant and asylum seeking women were regularly subjected to indefinite detention. Many women were outside of the social protection system.

European Roma Rights Centre referred to the coercive sterilization of thousands of Romani women and women with disabilities in the Czech Republic since the 1970s. The Government, however, refused to provide compensation to victims.

Vanuatu

Disability Promotion and Advocacy Association voiced concerns with regard to the situation of women with disabilities and rural women in Vanuatu, who faced stigmatization and lacked access to justice, health and education services. They were denied their rights to participate in decision-making processes on issues that affected them, including climate change. National disaster risk reduction policies did not include women with disabilities in practice.

Haiti

Bureau des Avocats Internationaux, in a joint statement with Institute for Justice and Democracy and Commission for Women Victims, said that women in Haiti continued to face discrimination in the economic, education, health, justice, labour and decision-making sectors. The Committee should recommend that Haiti strengthen the judicial system in order to eliminate impunity for perpetrators of gender-based violence.

Association Filles au Soleil, in a joint statement with Union des Femmes à Mobilité Réduite d’Haiti, said that women with disabilities faced discrimination and higher risks of violence. They did not have equal opportunities to access the labour market, and suffered discrimination in access to justice, education, and to sexual and reproductive health.

Tanzania

Women’s Legal Aid Centre referred to legal provisions discriminating against women with regards to inheritance, the division of matrimonial property, land ownership and citizenship. It pointed to harmful practices existing in Tanzania, including court-ordered early marriages and legal impunity for those perpetrating female genital mutilation on women above 18 years old. It insisted on the need for the Government to allocate adequate funds to promote girls education and prevent drop out.

MUSAWAH regretted the lack of legal restriction to polygamy, which was on the rise in Tanzania among the Muslim minority, and pointed at the family legislation institutionalizing discrimination against women in the family. The Committee should recommend that Tanzania abolish polygamy in law and in practice.

Questions by Committee Experts

A Committee member asked what the situation of violence against women was in the Czech Republic, and asked what type of services were being provided to support victims of violence, including with regards to compensation. Was forced sterilization considered an issue of violence against women? Would the Government ratify the Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combatting violence against women and domestic violence?

An Expert asked what measures were envisaged by the Government of Vanuatu for the restructuring of the national machinery. Another Expert requested further details regarding the implementation and results of the national policies relating to persons with disabilities. Was the Government cooperating with civil society organizations in the implementation of those policies?

With regards to Haiti, an Expert noted the prominence of sexual violence, and asked what had been done to counter negative gender stereotypes. A question was raised regarding violence against women by United Nations Peacekeepers.

On Tanzania, an Expert raised questions regarding access to safe abortion and teen pregnancies.

Replies by the Non-governmental Organizations

On the Czech Republic, representatives of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) said that violence against women was high on their agenda, and explained that they had been advocating for the Government to ratify the Istanbul Convention as soon as possible. Victims of domestic violence usually received no compensation. Efforts had to be made to raise public awareness on violence. In the Czech Republic, forced sterilization was not considered as an act of violence against women, but rather as an infringement of personality rights. Furthermore, it was not considered a discriminatory practice although it affected Romani women and women with disabilities more than others.

The civil society representative from Vanuatu said that it had not been consulted regarding any project to restructure the governmental machinery. NGOs had been consulted with regards to the implementation and drafting of national policies relating to persons with disabilities, but women with disabilities had not been consulted.

Turning to the situation in Haiti, a civil society representative said that the legislation criminalizing rape did not cover marital rape. The Head of the Supreme Court had carried out denigrating media campaigns. There had been very little progress in terms of a true system for the national protection of women. Blue Helmets had committed a serious number of offenses against women, and the mechanisms set out by the United Nations for reparation and access to justice for the victims were insufficient and often inaccessible. Women in rural areas lacked access to education and health.

Abortion in Tanzania was only legal on medical grounds, when the health of the woman was at stake, one civil society representative explained.

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For use of the information media; not an official record