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残疾人权利委员会将于8月15日至9月2日在日内瓦举行第十六届会议(部分翻译)

背景信息

委员会将审议乌拉圭、埃塞俄比亚、玻利维亚、阿拉伯联合酋长国、危地马拉、哥伦比亚和意大利的报告

日内瓦(2016年8月11日)——残疾人权利委员会将于8月15日至9月2日在日内瓦威尔逊宫举行第十六届会议,审议乌拉圭、埃塞俄比亚、玻利维亚、阿拉伯联合酋长国、危地马拉、哥伦比亚和意大利有关落实《残疾人权利公约》条款的报告。

委员会将于8月15日(周一)上午10点举行会议,听取秘书长代表的发言,随后将通过其会议议程和工作方案,讨论提交的报告,并审议其他组织事宜。委员会还将听取主席关于闭会期间活动的报告,并讨论与联合国机构、专门机构以及其他主管机构的合作。

所有七个国家将呈交其首份报告,可通过以下链接查看:乌拉圭(CRPD/C/URY/1)、埃塞俄比亚(CRPD/C/ETH/1)、玻利维亚(CRPD/C/BOL/1)、阿拉伯联合酋长国(CRPD/C/ARE/1)、危地马拉(CRPD/C/GTM/1)、哥伦比亚(CRPD/C/COL/1)以及意大利(CRPD/C/ITA/1)。

除审议国别报告之外,委员会还将于8月26日公开诵读其关于全纳教育权利(《公约》第二十四条)的一般性意见。

委员会面前的国别报告和其他文件可通过其网页查看,委员会关于审议国家的调查结果,官方称为结论性意见,也将在此发布。

委员会与各国代表团的对话将于上午10点至下午1点以及下午3点至6点在威尔逊宫底层会议室举行。以上会议的网络直播可在此查看:http://www.treatybodywebcast.org/

《残疾人权利公约》对残疾人采用了广泛的分类方法,重申所有类型的残疾人务必享有一切人权和基本自由,并促进尊重其固有尊严。《公约》于2008年5月3日生效,它是首份被一个区域一体化组织——欧盟——签署的人权条约。

 《公约》的任择议定书赋予委员会相应职能,使其有权审查涉及各缔约国被指违反《公约》情况的个人投诉。

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

Adopted on 13 December 2006 by the General Assembly, the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities entered into force on 3 May 2008.

The purpose of the Convention is to promote, protect and ensure the full and equal enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms by all persons with disabilities, and to promote respect for their inherent dignity. Persons with disabilities include those who have long-term physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairments which in interaction with various barriers may hinder their full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with others.

States parties undertake to ensure and promote the full realization of all human rights and fundamental freedoms for all persons with disabilities without discrimination of any kind on the basis of disability. States Parties recognize that all persons are equal before and under the law and are entitled without any discrimination to the equal protection and equal benefit of the law. Specific measures which are necessary to accelerate or achieve de facto equality of persons with disabilities shall not be considered discrimination under the terms of the present Convention.

States parties reaffirm that every human being has the inherent right to life and have committed themselves to take all necessary measures to ensure its effective enjoyment by persons with disabilities on an equal basis with others. States Parties reaffirm that persons with disabilities have the right to recognition everywhere as persons before the law. States Parties recognize that persons with disabilities enjoy legal capacity on an equal basis with others in all aspects of life.

Each State party is obliged to submit to the Committee, through the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, a comprehensive report on measures taken to give effect to its obligations under the present Convention and on the progress made in that regard, within two years after the entry into force of the present Convention for the State Party concerned. Thereafter, States parties shall submit subsequent reports at least every four years and further whenever the Committee so requests.

States Parties to the Convention

The Convention has been signed by 160 States, and ratified by 166 Parties - 163 States and one regional organization.

They are: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Estonia, Ethiopia, European Union, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jamaica, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lesotho, Liberia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, State of Palestine, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syrian Arab Republic, Thailand, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities is the first human rights convention to provide for ratification by regional integration organizations, such as the European Union, which ratified the Convention in December 2010.

Optional Protocol to the Convention


The Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities recognizes the competence of the Committee to receive and consider communications from or on behalf of individuals or groups of individuals who claim to be victims of a violation of the provisions of the Convention by a State party. The Optional Protocol was adopted on 13 December 2006 by the General Assembly and entered into force on 3 May 2008.

To date, 89 countries have ratified the Optional Protocol: Afghanistan, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belgium, Benin, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Chile, Congo, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Estonia, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mexico, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Palau, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Portugal, Rwanda, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Syrian Arab Republic, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), Yemen and Zimbabwe.

Committee Membership

The members of the Committee are elected for a term of four years and shall be eligible for re-election once. The 18 independent experts are:

Mr. Mohammed Al-Tarawneh (Jordan), Mr. Danlami Umaru Basharu (Nigeria), Mr. Munthian Buntan (Thailand), Ms. Maria Soledad Cisternas Reyes (Chile), Ms. Theresia Degener (Germany); Mr. Hyung Shik Kim (Republic of Korea), Mr. Stig Langvad (Denmark), Mr. László Gábor Lovaszy (Hungary), Ms. Diane Kingston (United Kingdom), Mr. Martin Babu Mwesigwa (Uganda), Mr. Carlos Alberto Parra Dussan (Colombia), Ms. Safak Pavey (Turkey), Ms. Ana Pelaez Narvaez (Spain), Mr. Coomaravel Pyaneandee (Mauritius), Ms. Silvia Judith Quan-Chang (Guatemala), Mr. Jonas Ruskus (Lithuania), Mr. Damjan Tatic (Serbia), and Mr. Liang You (China).

The Chairperson of the Committee is Ms. Cisternas Reyes. The Vice-Chairpersons are Ms. Degener, Ms. Kingston and Ms. Quan-Chang. Mr. Mwesigwa is the Rapporteur.

Proposed Programme of Work

Monday, 15 August

10 a.m.

Opening of the session and adoption of the agenda

3 p.m.

Initial report of Uruguay CRPD/C/URY/1

Tuesday, 16 August

10 a.m.

Uruguay (continued)

3 p.m.

Initial report of Ethiopia CRPD/C/ETH/1

Wednesday, 17 August

10 a.m.

Ethiopia (continued)

3 p.m.

Initial report of Bolivia CRPD/C/BOL/1

Thursday, 18 August

10 a.m.

Bolivia (continued)

3 p.m.

Initial report of the United Arab Emirates CRPD/C/ARE/1

Friday, 19 August

10 a.m.

United Arab Emirates (continued)

3 p.m.

Closed meeting

Monday, 22 August

10 a.m.

Closed meeting

3 p.m.

Initial report of Guatemala CRPD/C/GTM/1

Tuesday, 23 August

10 a.m.

Guatemala (continued)

3 p.m.

Initial report of Colombia CRPD/C/COL/1

Wednesday, 24 August

10 a.m.

Colombia (continued)

3 p.m.

Initial report of Italy CRPD/C/ITA/1

Thursday, 25 August

10 a.m.

Italy (continued)

3 p.m.

Closed meeting

Friday, 26 August

10 a.m.

Public reading: General Comment on article 24 – the Right to inclusive education

Monday, 29 August

10 a.m.

Closed meeting

3 p.m.

Closed meeting

Tuesday, 30 August

10 a.m.

Closed meeting

3 p.m.

Closed meeting

Wednesday, 31 August

10 a.m.

Closed meeting

3 p.m.

Closed meeting

Thursday, 1 September

10 a.m.

Closed meeting

3 p.m.

Closed meeting

Friday, 2 September

10 a.m.

Closed meeting

5 p.m.

Public closing of the session

To learn more about the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, please visit http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/CERD/Pages/CERDIndex.aspx

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For use of the information media; not an official record