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HUMAN RIGHTS COMMITTEE

Jurisprudence

CCPR - 110th session

Reference

Case Name

Articles involved

Subject matter

Procedural issues

Outcome

Documents

CCPR/C/110/D/1405/2005
Communication No. 1405/2005

Pustovoit v. Ukraine

CCPR articles 2 (1); 4 (2); 7; 10 (1-2); 14 (1, 2, 3 (b), (d), (e), (g)); 19 (2).
OP-CCPR articles 2; 5 (2 (a))

Life-imprisonment after unfair trial.

Non-substantiation of claims; examination by another procedure of international investigation.

Views-Violation

A C E F R S

CCPR/C/110/D/1864/2009
Communication No. 1864/2009

Kirsanov v. Belarus

CCPR article 21.
OP-CCPR articles 5 (2 (b))

Denial of authorisation to organise a peaceful meeting.

Exhaustion of domestic remedies

Views-Violation

A C E F R S

CCPR/C/110/D/1885/2009
Communication No. 1885/2009

Horvath v. Australia

CCPR articles 2 (3); 7; 9 (1 & 5); 10; 17.
OP-CCPR article 5(2 (b))

Non enforcement of judgment providing compensation for police misconduct

Exhaustion of domestic remedies

Views-Violation

A C E F R S

CCPR/C/110/D/1889/2009
Communication No. 1889/2009

Marouf v. Algeria

CCPR articles 2 (3); 6 (1); 7; 9 (1–4); 10 (1); 16; 17; 23 (1).
OP-CCPR article 5 (2 (b))

Enforced disappearance

Exhaustion of domestic remedies

Views-Violation

A C E F R S

CCPR/C/110/D/1890/2009
Communication No. 1890/2009

Kitenge v. Democratic Repulic of Congo

CCPR articles 7; 9; 17.
OP-CCPR article 5 (2 b)

Arbitrary arrest and torture

Exhaustion of domestic remedies.

Views-Violation

A C E F R S

CCPR/C/110/D/1894/2009
Communication No. 1894/2009

G.J.  v. Lithuania

CCPR articles 7; 9 (1 & 4); 10 (1); 14 (3 (b) (d) (e) (g)).
OP-CCPR articles 2; 3

Inhuman treatment; lawfulness of detention; fair trial guarantees.

Incompatibility with the Covenant’s provisions, non-substantiation of  claims, exhaustion of domestic remedies.

Inadmissibility

A C E F R S

CCPR/C/110/D/1899/2009
Communication No. 1899/2009

Lakhdar-Chaouch v. Algeria

CCPR articles 2(3); 7; 9; 16.
OP-CCPR article 5 (2 (b))

Enforced disappearance

Exhaustion of domestic remedies

Views-Violation

A C E F R S

CCPR/C/110/D/1900/2009
Communication No. 1900/2009

Mehalli v. Algeria

CCPR articles 2(3); 6; 7; 9; 10(1); 16.
OP-CCPR article 5 (2 (b))

Enforced disappearance

Exhaustion of domestic remedies

Views-Violation

A C E F R S

CCPR/C/110/D/1903/2009
Communication No. 1903/2009

Youbko v. Belarus

CCPR articles 19; 21.
OP-CCPR articles 2; 5 (2 (b))

 Denial of authorisation to organise a peaceful meeting

Exhaustion of domestic remedies.

Views-Violation

A C E F R S

CCPR/C/110/D/1908/2009
Communication No. 1908/2009

Ostavari v. Republic of Korea

CCPR articles 7; 9 (4).
OP-CCPR articles 2;5 (2 (b))

Deportation to Iran

Exhaustion of domestic remedies, non- substantiation

Views-Violation

A C E F R S

CCPR/C/110/D/1935/2010
Communication No. 1935/2010

O.K. v. Latvia

CCPR articles 2(3); 6; 7.
OP-CCPR articles 1; 3; 5(2 (b))

Investigation of  the death of the  author’s son

Incompatibility rationae materiae, exhaustion of domestic remedies, abuse of submission

Inadmissibility

A C E F R S

CCPR/C/110/D/1960/2010
Communication No. 1960/2010

Ory v. France

CCPR articles 12(1); 26.
OP-CCPR article 5 (2 (a, b))

Restrictions on the liberty of movement  of a member of the Traveller community ("gens du voyage ")

Examination of the same matter under another  procedure of international investigation; exhaustion of domestic remedies

Views-Violation

A C E F R S

CCPR/C/110/D/1963/2010
Communication No. 1963/2010

T.W. and G.M. v. Slovakia

CCPR articles 2 (3); 26.
OP-CCPR article 3

Restitution of property

Exhaustion of domestic remedies

Inadmissibility

A C E F R S

CCPR/C/110/D/1983/2010
Communication No. 1983/2010

Y.B.  v. Russian Federation

CCPR articles 7; 9(1); 10; 14(1); 17(1-2); 19(1-2); 26.
OP-CCPR articles 2; 3; 5(3(b))

Prosecution and placement of the author in a psychiatric institution

Non-substantiation; exhaustion of domestic remedies; abuse of submission

Inadmissibility

A C E F R S

CCPR/C/110/D/1997/2010
Communication No. 1997/2010

Rizvanović et al v. Bosnia

CCPR articles 6; 9; 10; 16; 2(3); 7; 26; 2(1)

Enforced disappearance

Non-substantiation

Views-Violation

A C E F R S

CCPR/C/110/D/2006/2010
Communication No. 2006/2010

Almegaryaf and Matar v. Libya

CCPR articles 2(3); 6 (1); 7; 9(1-4); 10 (1); 16; 24 (1).
OP-CCPR article 5(2(a))

Enforced disappearance

Lack of cooperation from the State party

Views-Violation

A C E F R S

CCPR/C/110/D/2007/2010
Communication No. 2007/2010

J.J.M. v. Denmark

CCPR articles 7, 14, 18.
OP-CCPR article 5 (2(b))

Deportation of the author to Eritrea

Non-substantiation

Views-Violation

A C E F R S

CCPR/C/110/D/2102/2011
Communication No. 2102/2011

Paadar et al v. Finland

CCPR articles 14(1); 26; 27

Right of a Sami community  to enjoy their own culture

None

Views Non Violation

A C E F R S

CCPR/C/110/D/2104/2011
Communication No. 2104/2011

Valetov v. Kazakhstan

CCPR articles 7; 14(3).
OP-CCPR articles 1;2; 5; 2(b)

Extradition to Kyrgyzstan

No compliance with the Committee’s interim measures request; non-substantiation; exhaustion of domestic remedies

Views Violation

A C E F R S

CCPR/C/110/D/2155/2012
Communication No. 2155/2012

Paksas v. Lithuania

CCPR articles 14(1-2); 15; 25(a, b, c).
OP-CCPR articles 5(2 (b)); 3

Restrictions to the right to participate in public life

Same matter examined under another procedure of international investigation; non- substantiation; incompatibility ratione materiae

Views-Violation

A C E F R S

CCPR/C/110/D/2177/2012
Communication No. 2177/2012

Johnson v. Ghana

CCPR articles 6(1); 7; 14(1&5).
OP-CCPR article 2

Mandatory imposition of death penalty

None

Views-Violation

A C E F R S

CCPR/C/110/D/2197/2012
Communication No. 2197/2012

X.Q.H.  v. New Zealand

CCPR articles 17(1); 23(1); 24(1); 14(1); 2(3 (a)).
OP-CCPR articles 1; 2; 3; 5(2(b))

Deportation to China

Victim status; exhaustion of domestic remedies; non- substantiation

Inadmissibility

A C E F R S

CCPR – 109th session


Reference

Case Name

Articles involved

Subject matter

Procedural issues

Outcome

Documents

CCPR/C/109/D/1612/2007
Communication No. 1612/2007

F. B. L. v. Costa Rica (SPR)

CCPR articles 2(1-3); 3; 5; 14 (1); 16
OP-CCPR articles 2

Enforcement of a judgement (exequatur) issued by a foreign court

Insufficient substantiation of claims

Inadmissible

All languages

CCPR/C/109/D/1764/2008
Communication No. 1764/2008

Alekperov v. Russian Federation

CCPR articles 2; 6; 7; 14; 15; 17; 26
OP-CCPR articles 2; 5(2 (b))

Unavailability of a jury trial and commutation of the death sentence to life imprisonment

Level of substantiation of claims; exhaustion of domestic remedies

Views Non Violation

All languages

CCPR/C/109/D/1795/2008
Communication No. 1795/2008

Zhirnov v. Russian Federation

CCPR articles 14(3(b) & (d))

Unfair trial

None

Views Violation

All languages

CCPR/C/109/D/1839/2008
Communication No. 1839/2008

Komarovsky v. Belarus

CCPR articles 19(2); 21
OP-CCPR articles 2; 5(2(b))

Freedom of expression; peaceful assembly

Exhaustion of domestic remedies; level of substantiation of claims

Views Violation

All languages

CCPR/C/109/D/1851/2008
Communication No. 1851/2008

Sekerko v. Belarus

CCPR article 21
OP-CCPR article 5(2(b))

Denial of authorisation to organise a peaceful meeting

Exhaustion of domestic remedies

Views Violation

All languages

CCPR/C/109/D/1856/2008
Communication No. 1856/2008

Sevostyanov v. Russian Federation

CCPR articles 9(1 & 4); 14(1, 2, 3 (e) & 5)
OP-CCPR articles 2; 5(2 (b))

Arbitrary detention; fair trial

Exhaustion of domestic remedies; level of substantiation of a claim.

Views Violation

All languages

CCPR/C/109/D/1873/2009
Communication No. 1873/2009

Alekseev v. Russian Federation

CCPR article 21
OP-CCPR articles 2; 5(2 (a), (b))

Right to peaceful assembly

The same matter already being examined under another procedure of international investigation or settlement; exhaustion of domestic remedies; level of substantiation of claims.

Views Violation

All languages

CCPR/C/109/D/1874/2009
Communication No. 1874/2009

Mihoubi v. Algeria

CCPR articles 2 (3), 6, 7, 9 (1-4), 10; 16
OP-CCPR articles 5 (2(b))

Enforced disappearance

Exhaustion of domestic remedies

Views Violation

All languages

CCPR/C/109/D/1879/2009
Communication No. 1879/2009

A.W.P. v. Denmark

CCPR articles 2(3); 20(2); 27
OP-CCPR articles 1; 2; 5(2 (b))

Hate speech against the Muslim community in Denmark

Non-substantiation; non-exhaustion of domestic remedies; victim status

Inadmissible

All languages

 

CCPR/C/109/D/1884/2009
Communication No. 1884/2009

Faraoun v. Algeria

CCPR articles 2 (3), 6 (1), 7, 9 (1–4), 10 (1), 16, 17; 23 (1)
OP-CCPR articles 5 (2(b))

Enforced disappearance

Exhaustion of domestic remedies

Views Violation

All languages

CCPR/C/109/D/1898/2009
Communication No. 1898/2009

Choudhary v. Canada

CCPR articles 2, 6, 7, 9, 13, 14, 17, 23 and 24
OP-CCPR articles 2; 3; 5(2( b))

Expulsion to a country where the person fears to be tortured and persecuted

Non-exhaustion of domestic remedies; non-substantiation; and incompatibility with the Covenant.

Views Violation

All languages

CCPR/C/109/D/1910/2009
Communication No. 1910/2009

Zhuk v. Belarus

CCPR articles 6(1-2); 7; 9(3); 14(1, 2, 3(b), (d) & (g))
OP-CCPR articles 1, 2, 3; 5(2 (b))

Imposition of a death sentence after unfair trial

State party’s failure to cooperate and non-respect of the Committee’s request for interim measures; abuse of the right to submission, insufficient substantiation of claims; non-exhaustion of domestic remedies

Views Violation

All languages

CCPR/C/109/D/1919-1920/2009
Communication Nos. 1919 and 1920/2009

Protsko & Tolchin v. Belarus

CCPR articles 19; 21
OP-CCPR article 5(2 (b))

Freedom of expression; freedom of assembly

Exhaustion of domestic remedies

Views Violation

All languages

CCPR/C/109/D/1922/2009
Communication No. 1922/2009

Martinez et al. v. Algeria

CCPR articles 1; 5; 12; 17; 27; 2(1) ; 26; 17
OP-CCPR article 3

Dispossession of property following the declaration of the State party’s independence

Abuse of the right of submission ;   non-exhaustion of domestic remedies; incompatibility with the  provisions of the Covenant

Inadmissible

All languages

CCPR/C/109/D/1923/2009
Communication No. 1923/2009

R.C. v. France

CCPR article 14 (1)
OP-CCPR article 2

Legality of the proceedings in which the Conseil d’Etat considered the author’s appeal

Exhaustion of domestic remedies, incompatibility ratione materiae

Inadmissible

All languages

CCPR/C/109/D/1955/2010
Communication No. 1955/2010

Al-Gertani v. Bosnia

CCPR articles 6; 7; 9(1, 2, 4);13; 14; 17; 23; 24; 26
OP-CCPR articles 2; 5(2(b))

Deportation to Iraq

Exhaustion of Domestic Remedies; Insufficient substantiation

Views Violation

All languages

CCPR/C/109/D/2014/2010
Communication No. 2014/2010

D.J. v Lithuania

CCPR articles 2(2-3); 14(1); 25(c)
OP-CCPR articles 2; 3

Competition to access to the State’s Service

Incompatibility with the provisions of the Covenant; failure to substantiate allegations

Inadmissible

All languages

CCPR – 108th session

Reference

Case Name

Articles involved

Subject matter

Procedural issues

Outcome

Documents

CCPR/C/108/D/1592/2007
Communication No. 1592/2007

Pichugina v. Belarus

CCPR articles 2; 9, paragraph 3; and 14, paragraph 1
OP-CCPR articles 2; 5, paragraph 2 (b)

Habeas corpus; unfair trial.

Exhaustion of domestic remedies; level of substantiation of a claim.

Views-Violation

All languages

CCPR/C/108/D/1796/2008
Communication No. 1796/2008

Zerrougui v. Algeria

CCPR articles
OP-CCPR articles

 

 

Views-Violation

All languages

CCPR/C/108/D/1798/2008
Communication No. 1798/2008

Azouz v. Algeria

CCPR articles
OP-CCPR articles

 

 

Views-Violation

All languages

CCPR/C/108/D/1808/2008
Communication No. 1808/2008

Kovalenko v. Belarus

CCPR articles 19, paragraph 2; 21
OP-CCPR articles 5, paragraph 2 (b)

Breaking up a peaceful assembly aimed at commemorating the victims of the Stalinist repressions in violation of the right to express opinions and the right to hold a peaceful assembly without unreasonable restrictions.

None

Views-Violation

All languages

CCPR/C/108/D/1809/2008
Communication No. 1809/2008

V. B. v. Czech Republic

CCPR article 26
OP-CCPR article 2

Alleged discrimination in the access to social security while in detention

Insufficient substantiation of claims

Inadmissibility

All languages

CCPR/C/108/D/1831/2008
Communication No. 1831/2008

Larbi v. Algérie

CCPR articles
OP-CCPR articles

 

 

Views-Violation

All languages

CCPR/C/108/D/1832/2008
Communication No. 1832/2008

Al Khazmi v. Libya

CCPR articles 2 (para. 3), 6 (para. 1), 7, 9 (paras. 1–4), 10 (para. 1) and 16

Enforced disappearance

Lack of cooperation from the State party

Views-Violation

All languages

CCPR/C/108/D/1865/2009
Communication No. 1865/2009

Sedhai v. Nepal

CCPR articles
OP-CCPR articles

 

 

Views-Violation

All languages

CCPR/C/108/D/1881/2009
Communication No. 1881/2009

Masih v. Canada

CCPR articles
OP-CCPR articles

 

 

Views-Violation

All languages

 

CCPR/C/108/D/1897/2009
Communication No. 1897/2009

S.Y.L. et al. v. Australia

CCPR articles
OP-CCPR articles

 

 

Inadmissibility

All languages

CCPR/C/108/D/1928/2010
Communication No. 1928/2010

Singh v. France

CCPR articles 2, 12, 18 and 26
OP-CCPR articles 5 (para. 2 (b))

Obligation to appear bareheaded on passport photographs

Failure to exhaust domestic remedies

Views-Violation

All languages

CCPR/C/108/D/1948/2010
Communication No. 1948/2010

Turchenyak v. Belarus

CCPR articles 14, paragraph 1; 19, paragraph 2; 21; and 26
OP-CCPR articles 2; 5, paragraph 2 (a) and (b)

Unfair trial; freedom of expression; peaceful assembly; discrimination.

Exhaustion of domestic remedies; level of substantiation of a claim.

Views-Violation

All languages

CCPR/C/108/D/2094/2011
Communication No. 2094/2011

A.G.F.K. et al. v. Australia

CCPR articles 7; 9, paragraphs 1, 2 and 4; 10, paragraph 1; 17, paragraph 1; 23, paragraph 1; and 24, paragraph 1
OP-CCPR articles 2; 3; 5, paragraph 2 (b)

Indefinite detention of persons in immigration facilities.

Exhaustion of domestic remedies; inadmissibility ratione materiae; lack of substantiation.

Views-Violation

All languages

CCPR/C/108/D/2136/2012
Communications No. 2136/2012

M.M.M. et al. v. Australia

CCPR articles 7, 10, paragraph 1; 9, paragraphs 1, 2 and 4
OP-CCPR articles 2; 3; 5, paragraph 2 (b)

Indefinite detention of persons in immigration facilities.

Exhaustion of domestic remedies; inadmissibility ratione materiae; lack of substantiation.

Views-Violation

All languages

CCPR/C/108/D/2149/2012
Communication No. 2149/2012

M.I. v. Sweden

CCPR article 7
OP-CCPR article 2

Deportation of a lesbian person to Bangladesh

Insufficient substantiation

Views-Violation

All languages

CCPR/C/108/D/2202/2012
Communication No. 2202/2012

Castañeda v. Mexico

CCPR articles 2 (paras. 1, 2 and 3 (a) and (c)), 14 (para. 1) and 19 (para. 2)
OP-CCPR articles 3 and 5 (para. 2 (a))

Access to the ballot papers used in the presidential election.

Other procedures of international investigation or settlement

Views: No-Violation

All languages

Follow-up Progress Report on Individual Communications adopted by the Committee at its 108th session

CCPR – 107th session

Reference

Case Name

Articles involved

Subject matter

Procedural issues

Outcome

Documents

CCPR/C/107/D/1785/2008
Communication No. 1785/2008

Olechkevitch v. Belarus

CCPR article 19 (2; 3)
OP-CCPR article 5 (2 (b))

Fining of an individual for distributing leaflets, in violation of the right to impart information without unreasonable restrictions

Exhaustion of domestic remedies

Views Violation

A C E F R S

CCPR/C/107/D/1787/2008
Communication No. 1787/2008

Kovsh (Abramova) v. Belarus

CCPR articles 9(3); 14(1)
OP-CCPR articles 2; 5(2 (b))

Failure to promptly bring the author before a judge on two separate occasions.

Exhaustion of domestic remedies; level of substantiation of a claim

Views Violation

A C E F R S

CCPR/C/107/D/1788/2008
Communication No. 1788/2008

B.W.M.Z. v. The Netherlands

CCPR article 14
OP-CCPR articles 2; 5(2 (b))

Conduct of disciplinary proceedings. Independence and impartiality of the tribunal; right to be heard

Non exhaustion of domestic remedies; lack of substantiation

Inadmissibility

A C E F S

CCPR/C/107/D/1791/2008
Communication No. 1791/2008

Boudjemai v. Algeria

CCPR articles 2 (3), 6 (1), 7, 9 (1–4), 10 (1), 16 and 17
OP-CCPR article 5 (2 (b))

Enforced disappearance. Right to life, prohibition of torture and cruel or inhuman treatment, right to liberty and security of person, respect for the inherent dignity of the human person, recognition as a person before the law and the right to an effective remedy; unlawful interference with the home.

Exhaustion of domestic remedies

Views Violation

A C E F R S

CCPR/C/107/D/1806/2008
Communication No. 1806/2008

Saadoun v. Algeria

CCPR articles 2 (3), 7, 9 (1–4) and 16
OP-CCPR article 5 (2(b))

Enforced disappearance. Prohibition of torture and cruel and inhuman treatment, right to liberty and security of person, recognition as a person before the law and right to an effective remedy

Exhaustion of domestic remedies

Views Violation

A C E F R S

CCPR/C/107/D/1807/2008
Communication No. 1807/2008

Mechani v. Algeria

CCPR articles 2 (3), 7, 9 (1-4), 10, 14 and 16
OP-CCPR article 5(2(b))

Enforced disappearance. Prohibition of torture and cruel or inhuman treatment, right to liberty and security of person, right of all persons deprived of their liberty to be treated with humanity and dignity, right to a fair trial, recognition as a person before the law and right to an effective remedy

Exhaustion of domestic remedies

Views Violation

A C E F R S

CCPR/C/107/D/1835&1837/
2008
Communication No. 1835 & 1837/2008

Yasinovich and Shevchenko v. Belarus

CCPR article 19
OP-CCPR articles 2; 5(2 (b)

Imposition of a fine for the alleged violation of the procedure for recall of a deputy of the House of Representatives. Right to freedom of expression, including freedom to seek, receive and impart information and ideas; permissible restrictions; discrimination on the ground of political opinion

Level of substantiation of a claim; exhaustion of domestic remedies

Views Violation

A E F R S

CCPR/C/107/D/1857/2008
Communication No. 1857/2008

A.P. v. Russian Federation

CCPR article 14(1) read in conjunction with articles 2; 16; 18(2); 25((a) and (b))
OP-CCPR article 2

Restrictions on being able to register as a candidate for elections individually; coercion to accept ideology; limitation of legal personality; denial to determine rights in a suit at law by a competent, independent and impartial tribunal established by law.

Level of substantiation of claims

Inadmissibility

E F S

CCPR/C/107/D/1861/2009
Communication No. 1861/2009

Bakurov v. Russian Federation

CCPR articles 2; 6; 7; 14; 15; and 26
OP-CCPR articles 2; 5(2 (b))

Unavailability of a jury trial and commutation of the death sentence to life imprisonment. Right to effective remedy; right to life; prohibition of torture, cruel or inhuman and degrading treatment or punishment; right to a fair hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal; adequate time and facilities for the preparation of his defence and to communicate with counsel of his own choosing; right to legal assistance; right not to be compelled to testify against himself or to confess guilt; retroactive application of a criminal law providing for a lighter penalty; prohibition of discrimination

Exhaustion of domestic remedies; level of substantiation of claims

Views Non Violation

C E F R S

CCPR/C/107/D/1886/2009
Communication No. 1886/2009

X v. The Netherlands

CCPR article 14(5)
OP-CCPR article 2

Inability of a higher tribunal to review a sentence for reasons of anonymity

Insufficient substantiation

Inadmissibility

A C E F R S

CCPR/C/107/D/1904/2009
Communication No. 1904/2009

D.T.T. v. Colombia

CCPR articles 14 ; 15
OP-CCPR articles 2 ; 5 (2 (b))

The author’s conviction for the offence of illicit enrichment. Right to a fair and public hearing by a competent and impartial tribunal; prohibition of retroactive application of criminal law.

Exhaustion of domestic remedies; substantiation of claims

Inadmissibility

A C E F R S

CCPR/C/107/D/1911/2009
Communication No. 1911/2009

T.J. v. Lithuania

CCPR article 14(3 (c))
OP-CCPR article 5(2 (b))

Undue delay. Length of proceedings during pretrial investigation stages and court proceedings

Non-exhaustion of domestic remedies

Inadmissibility

A C E F S

CCPR/C/107/D/1913/2009
Communication No. 1913/2009

Abushaala v. Libya

CCPR articles 2(3), 6(1), 7, 9(1–4), 10(1) and 16

Enforced disappearance. Right to life, prohibition of torture and cruel and inhuman treatment, right to liberty and security of person, right of all persons deprived of their liberty to be treated with humanity and dignity, recognition as a person before the law and right to an effective remedy

Lack of cooperation from the State party

Views Violation

A C E F R S

CCPR/C/107/D/1917/2009, 1918/2009, 1925/2009, 1953/2010
Communications No. 1917/2009, 1918/2009, 1925/2009, 1953/2010

Prutina, Zlatarac, Kozica, Čekić v. Bosnia and Herzegovina

CCPR articles 2(3); 6; 7; 9; 10; 16; 24(1)
OP-CCPR article 2

Enforced disappearance and effective remedy. Right to life, prohibition of torture and other ill-treatment, liberty and security of person, right to be treated with humanity and dignity, recognition of legal personality, right to an effective remedy, and every child’s right to such measures of protection as are required by their status as minor

Insufficient substantiation

Views Violation

A C E F R S

CCPR/C/107/D/1921/2009
Communication No. 1921/2009

K. S. v. Australia

CCPR article 15(1)
OP-CCPR article 5, paragraph 2 (b)

Changes in legislation imposing penalties after commission of a crime.

Exhaustion of domestic remedies

Inadmissibility

A C E F S

CCPR/C/107/D/1938/2010
Communication No. 1938/2010

Q. H. L. v. Australia

CCPR articles 6, 7, 9, 14, (3(g)); 17 alone and read in conjunction with 2 (1)
OP-CCPR articles 1;2; 3;5(2(b))

Deportation to China. Right to life, right to protection from cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment; right to be free from arbitrary detention; right to a fair trial; right to protection from interference with the family and home.

Insufficient substantiation; inadmissible ratione materiae; non-exhaustion of domestic remedies.

Inadmissibility

A E S

CCPR/C/107/D/1943/2010
Communication No. 1943/2010

H.P.N. v. Spain

CCPR articles 7, 10; 14(5; 7)

The author’s conviction for the same offence for which he had allegedly already been convicted in the past. Prohibition of cruel treatment; rehabilitative aim of sentencing; right to have a conviction and sentence reviewed by a higher tribunal; prohibition of double jeopardy

Failure to exhaust domestic remedies; failure to substantiate allegations

Inadmissibility

C E F R

CCPR/C/107/D/1945/2010
Communication No. 1945/2010

Achabal Puertas v. Spain

CCPR articles 7; 2(3)
OP-CCPR article 5(2 (a) and (b))

Torture in the course of incommunicado detention. Right not to be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading punishment or treatment; right to an effective remedy

Matter already being examined under another procedure of international investigation or settlement; exhaustion of domestic remedies

Views Violation

S

CCPR/C/107/D/1957/2010
Communication No. 1957/2010

Lin v. Australia

CCPR articles 6, 7, 9, 17 alone and read in conjunction with 2(1)
OP-CCPR articles 2; 3

Deportation to China. Right to life, right to protection from cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment; right to be free from arbitrary detention; right to protection from interference with the family and home

Insufficient substantiation; inadmissible ratione materiae

Views Non Violation

A C E S

CCPR/C/107/D/1962/2010
Communication No. 1962/2010

S.N.A. v. Cameroun

CCPR articles 1, 7, 9, 10, 17 and 19
OP-CCPR article 5(2 (b))

Arbitrary arrest and detention of a person accused of belonging to a separatist movement. Right of self-determination, prohibition of torture and cruel and inhuman treatment, right to liberty and security of person, respect for the inherent dignity of the human person, prohibition of arbitrary or unlawful interference with privacy, freedom of expression.

Exhaustion of domestic remedies

Inadmissibility

A C E F R S

CCPR/C/107/D/2027/2011
Communication No. 2027/2011

Kusherbaev v. Kazakhstan

CCPR articles 14(1) and 19
OP-CCPR article 1

Journalist found guilty of defamation against a politician and ordered to pay an important defamation award. Right to a fair hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal; restriction of the right to freedom of expression and opinion

Admissibility ratione temporis

Inadmissibility

A C E F S

CCPR- 106th session (October 2012)

Reference

Case Name

Articles involved

Subject Matter

Procedural issues

Outcome

Documents

CCPR/C/106/D/1500/2006
Communication No. 1500/2006
M.N. et al. v. Tajikistan CCPR articles 5; 16; 17; 19; 22; 25(b) and 26 Persecution and discrimination on grounds of political opinion; freedom of opinion and freedom of association; right to be elected Non-substantiation of claims Inadmissibility
OP-CCPR article 2
E F R S A C
CCPR/C/106/D/1548/2007
Communication No. 1548/2007
Zoya Kholodova v. the Russian Federation CCPR articles 2, paragraph 3 and 14, paragraph 1, of the Covenant; her son's rights under article 6, paragraph 1, and article 19. Insufficient justification for having a military trial regarding the murder of a journalist. Exhaustion of domestic remedies
Views- violation All languages

CCPR/C/106/D/1821/2008
Communication No. 1821/2008

Sholam Weiss v. Austria

CCPR articles 7;
14(5) ;
OPCCPR articles 1; 5(2 (b))

Inhumane and degrading treatment linked to the duration and disproportionality of a sentence;
Right to appeal

Victim status;
Admissibility ratione loci;
Exhaustion of domestic remedies

Views – Non-violation

E F S R A C

CCPR/C/106/D/1891/2009
Communication No. 1891/2009
J.A.B.G. v. Spain CCPR article 14 (3 (c); and 5)
OP-CCPR articles 2; 5 (2 (b))
Scope of the review in cassation by the Spanish Supreme Court
(Right to have the conviction and sentence reviewed by a higher tribunal)
Non-exhaustion of domestic remedies;
Failure to substantiate claims
Inadmissibility E F S R A C
CCPR/C/106/D/1892/2009
Communication No. 1892/2009
J.J.U.B. v. Spain CCPR article 14 (5)
OP-CCPR articles 2; 5 (2 (b))
Scope of the review in cassation by the Spanish Supreme Court
(Right to have the conviction and sentence reviewed by a higher tribunal)
Non-exhaustion of domestic remedies;
Non-substantiation of claims
Inadmissibility E F S R A C
CCPR/C/106/D/1932/2010
Communication No. 1932/2010
Fedotova v. Russian Federation CCPR articles 19; 26
OP-CCPR articles 3; 5(2)(b)
Bringing the author to administrative responsibility for “public actions aimed at propaganda of homosexuality among minors” Abuse of the right of submission; exhaustion of domestic remedies Merits – Violation CCPR article 19(2), in conjunction with 26 E

CCPR/C/106/D/1940/2010
Communication No. 1940/2010

Eligio Cedeño v. Venezuela CCPR articles 9; 14 (1; 2; 3(a), (b), and (c))
OP-CCPR article 5 (2 (a) and (b))
Conduct of the trial in a criminal case
(Arbitrary detention; violation of judicial guarantees)
Domestic remedies unreasonably prolonged Merits-Violation of CCPR articles 9; 14 (1, 2, and 3(c)) E F S R A C

CCPR/C/106/D/2073/2011
Communication No. 2073/2011

Naidenova et al. v. Bulgaria

CCPR articles 2; 17; 26
OP-CCPR article 5(2)(a) and (b)

Impending eviction and demolition of housing of the long-standing Roma community

Examination by another procedure of international investigation or settlement; exhaustion of domestic remedies

Merits – Violation CCPR article 17

E
CCPR/C/106/D/2120/2011
Communication No. 2120/2011
Vladislav Kovalev et al. v. Belarus CCPR articles 6(1-2); 7; 9(1 and 3); 14 (1 and 2); 14(3) (b) and (d); 14(5); 18 Imposition of a death sentence after unfair trial Standing to act on behalf of an alleged victim;
State party’s failure to cooperate and non-respect of the Committee’s request for interim measures;
insufficient substantiation of claims;
non-exhaustion of domestic remedies
Merits-Violation of CCPR articles 6; 7; 9(3); 14(1-2) 14(3)(b) and (g); and 14(5);
Violation of OP-CCPR article 1
E F R S A C

CCPR/C/106/D/1779/2008
Communication No. 1779/2008

Bouzid Mezine v. Algérie

CCPR articles 2 (par. 3), 6 (par. 1), 7, 9 (par. 1 to 4), 10 (par. 1) and 16

Enforced disappearance.

Right to life, prohibition of torture and cruel and inhuman treatment, right to liberty and security of person, respect for the inherent dignity of the human person, recognition as a person before the law and right to an effective remedy.

Non-exhaustion of domestic remedies

Merits-Violation of CCPR art.6, para. 1; art. 7; art.9; art.10, para.1; art.16, art.17, art.2, para.3, read in conjunction with art.6, para.1; art.7; art.9; art.10, para.1, and art.16 and art.17 of the Covenant with regard to Bouzid Mezine, and of art.7, read alone and in conjunction with art.2, para.3, and art.17 of the Covenant, with respect to the author.

F

CCPR- 105th session (July 2012)

Reference

Case Name

Articles involved

Subject Matter

Procedural issues

Outcome

Documents

CCPR/C/105/D/1226/2003
Communication No. 1226/2003
Korneenko v. Belarus CCPR articles 14(1); 19(2); 22 (1); 25(a); 26
OP-CCPR articles 2; 5(2)(b)
Holding the chairperson of a public association accountable under law for the use of computer equipment received as “untied foreign aid” for the preparation for and monitoring of elections and confiscation of the equipment in question Non-substantiation of claims; exhaustion of domestic remedies Merits – Violation CCPR article 22(1), in conjunction with 19(2) and also in conjunction with 25(a)
OP-CCPR article 1
 

CCPR/C/105/D/1303/2004
Communication No. 1303/2004

Chiti v. Zambia

CCPR articles 2 (3);
6 ;
7;
14;
9;
17 ;
24

OPCCPR article 5(2 (b))

Right to an effective remedy;
Right to life
Torture,
Unfair trial,
Arbitrary arrest and detention;
Freedom of movement;
Right to privacy and family;
Right to child protection

Exhaustion of domestic remedies

Views – violation

 
CCPR/C/105/D/1744/2007
Communication No. 1744/2007
Narrain
et al.
v. Mauritius
CCPR articles 18; 25; 26
OPCCPR articles 3 and 5(2 (b))
Requirement for prospective candidates of elections to the National Assembly to identify themselves as members of one of the four categories of the Mauritian population. Non-exhaustion of domestic remedies; incompatibility with the provisions of the Covenant; abuse of the right of submission Views – violation  
CCPR/C/105/D/1558/2007
Communication No. 1558/2007
Katsaris v. Greece CCPR 2, (3), alone and read in conjunction with 7; 2, (1), and 26
OPCCPR article 5(2 (b))
Failure to investigate police violence and ill-treatment against ethnic Roma. Exhaustion of domestic remedies Views – violation  
CCPR/C/105/D/1753/2008
Communication No. 1753/2008
Guezout et al v. Algeria CCPR articles 2 (3);
6(1); 7; 9(1-4) ; 10(1) ; 16
OPCCPR article 5(2 (b))
Right to an effective remedy;
Right to life;
Prohibition of torture and cruel and inhuman treatment;
Right to liberty and security of the person; arbitrary arrest and detention; respect for the inherent dignity of persons deprived of their liberty;
Recognition as a person before the law.
Exhaustion of domestic remedies Views – violation  
CCPR/C/105/D/1784/2008
Communication No. 1784/2008
Schumilin v. Belarus CCPR article 19, paras 2 and 3
OPCCPR article 5(2 (b))
Right to disseminate information; unjustified limitations. Exhaustion of domestic remedies. Violation of article 19, paragraph 2, of the Covenant.  
CCPR/C/105/D/1790/2008
Communication No. 1790/2008
Govsha, Syritsa and Mezyak v. Belarus CCPR articles 19; 21
OP-CCPR article 5(2)(b)
Denial of authorization to organize a peaceful meeting Exhaustion of domestic remedies Merits – Violation CCPR articles 19; 21  

CCPR/C/105/D/1840/2008
Communication No. 1840/2008

X.J. v. The Netherlands

CCPR articles 17;
24
OPCCPR articles 1; 2; and 5(2 (b))

Right to privacy and family;
Right to child protection

Exhaustion of domestic remedies; non-substantiation; and inadmissibility ratione materiae

Inadmissibility decision

 
CCPR/C/105/D/1863/2009
Communication No. 1863/2009
Dev Bahadur Maharjan v. Nepal CCPR 2 (3) alone and read in conjunction with 7, 9 and 10.
OPCCPR article 5(2 (b))
Arbitrary arrest and incommunicado detention, and acts of torture against a former teacher, on suspicion of membership in the Communist Party (Maoist). Exhaustion of domestic remedies Views – violation  
CCPR/C/105/D/1628/2007
Communication No. 1628/2007
Pavlyuchenkov v. Russian Federation CCPR articles 2, para. 3; 7; 10, para. 1; 14, para. 3(b), (d), (e) and (g) Ill-treatment by police upon arrest and unfair trial Non-exhaustion of domestic remedies
Non-substantiation of claims
Merits – Violation CCPR article 10, para.1  
CCPR/C/105/D/1834/2008
Communication No. 1834/2008
A.P. v. Ukraine CCPR articles 2, paras. 1, 3 (a) and 3(c); 4, para. 2; 7; 9, para. 1; 10, paras. 1 and 3; 14, paras. 1, 3 (b), (d) and (e); 14, para. 7; 19, para. 2 Alleged arbitrary arrest and detention; imposition of a life-imprisonment sentence, based on a confession of guilt extracted under torture and following an unfair trial with no adequate remedy Non-exhaustion of domestic remedies
Insufficient substantiation of claims
Inadmissibility
OP-CCPR article 2
 

CCPR/C/105/D/1822, 1823, 1824, 1825&1826/2008Communications No.
1822/2008
18 23/2008
1824/2008
1825/2008
1826/2008

J.B.R., L.M.O.C., A.M.A.R., G.E.O.S. and B.E.L. (1822); S.M.R.M. (1823); A.D.O., E.S.C., F.O.Q. and G.G.R. (1824); E.M.C.B., M.C.P.J. and R.S.S.N. (1825); G.M.V. and N.C.P. (1826) v. Colombia CCPR articles 2 (2 and 3); 14 (1); 22(1); 26
OP-CCPR article 5(2 (b))
Refusal to authorise the establishment of a trade union
(Freedom of association)
Failure to exhaust domestic remedies Inadmissibility E F S R A C

CCPR- 104th session (March 2012)

Reference

Case Name

Articles involved

Subject Matter

Procedural issues

Outcome

Documents

CCPR/C/104/D/1627/2007
Communication No. 1627/2007

V.P. v. Russian Federation

CCPR articles 7; 14(1); 14(3) (a), (b), (c) and (d)

Ill-treatment by police upon arrest and unfair trial

Non-substantiation of claims

Inadmissible
OP-CCPR article 2

 

CCPR/C/104/D/1634/2007
Communication No. 1634/2007

Korneenko v. Belarus

CCPR articles 2, 14, 22
OP-CCPR article 2

Lack of implementation of the Committee’s Views in Communication No. 1274/2004

Non-substantiation of claims

Inadmissible

 

CCPR/C/104/D/1641/2007
Communication No. 1641/2007

Calderon v. Colombia

CCPR articles 14 (1) (2) (5) (7) ; 15 ; 26
OP-CCPR article 2

The author’s conviction was not reviewed by a higher court

Non-substantiation of claims

Merits – Violation CCPR article 14 (5)

 

CCPR/C/104/D/1750/2008
Communication No. 1750/2008

Sudalenko v. Belarus

CCPR articles 14(1); 19(2)

Seizure and partial destruction of electoral print materials in violation of the right to disseminate information without unreasonable restrictions

Exhaustion of domestic remedies

Merits – Violation CCPR article 19(2)

 

CCPR/C/104/D/1752/2008
Communication No. 1752/2008

J.S v. New Zealand

CCPR articles 2 (2 and 3); 9 (4); 14 (1)
OP-CCPR articles 1; 2; 3; 5 (2 (b))

Delay in the judicial review of a patient detention in a psychiatric hospital

Failure to exhaust domestic remedies; non-substantiation of claims; actio popularis

Inadmissible

 

CCPR/C/104/D/1755/2008/Rev.1
Communication No. 1755/2008

El Hagog v. Libya

CCPR articles 6; 7; 9; 10; 14
OPCCPR article 2

Torture; unfair trial; arbitrary arrest and detention; death penalty imposed following unfair trial

Non-substantiation of allegations

Merits – violation

 

CCPR/C/104/D/1772/2008
Communication No. 1772/2008

Belyazeka v. Belarus

CCPR articles 19(2); 21

Right to express opinions and right to hold peaceful assembly without unreasonable restrictions

Merits – Violation CCPR articles 19(2) and 21

 

CCPR/C/104/D/1782/2008
Communication No. 1782/2008

Aboufaied. v. Libya

CCPR articles 2 (3); 6(1); 7; 9 ; 10(1) ;
12(2) ; 14; 16; 19 ; 21
OPCCPR article 5(2 (b))

Right to an effective remedy; right to life; prohibition of torture and cruel and inhuman treatment; liberty and security of the person; arbitrary arrest and detention; respect for the inherent dignity of persons deprived of their liberty; liberty of movement and freedom to choose one’s residence; fair trial; recognition as a person before the law; freedom of expression; right to peaceful assembly

State party’s failure to cooperate

Merits – violation

 

CCPR/C/104/D/1789/2008
Communication No. 1789/2008

G.E. v. Germany

CCPR articles 17; 26
OP-CCPR article 5 (2 (b))

Discrimination based on age. Reservation made by Germany to article 26 ICCPR

Exhaustion of domestic remedies

Inadmissible

 

CCPR/C/104/D/1801/2008
Communication No. 1801/2008

G. K. v. The Netherlands

CCPR articles 7;
2(3) read in conjunction with 7

Risk of being detained and tortured if returned to Armenia; lack of adequate remedy

Merits
Non-violation

 

CCPR/C/104/D/1816/2008
Communication No. 1816/2008

K.A.L. and A.A.M.L. v. Canada

CCPR articles 6 (1); 7; 9 (1); 18; 24 (1); 27
OP-CCPR articles 2; 3; 5 (2 (b))

Removal of the authors and their sons to Pakistan. Risk of arbitrary deprivation of life and other human rights violations if returned

Non-substantiation of claims

Inadmissible

 

CCPR/C/104/D/1820/2008
Communication No. 1820/2008

Krasovskaya v. Belarus

CCPR articles 2(3), 6, 7, 9, 10
OP-CCPR article 5 (2(b))

Enforced disappearance

Exhaustion of domestic remedies

Merits – Violation CCPR article 2(3) in conjunction with articles 6 and 7

 

CCPR/C/104/D/1828/2008
Communication No. 1828/2008

Olmedo v. Paraguay

CCPR articles 2 (3); 6(1)
OP-CCPR article 5 (2 (b))

Deprivation of a person’s life while he was participating in a demonstration; lack of an effective remedy

Exhaustion of domestic remedies

Merits – Violation CCPR articles 2 (3); 6 (1)

 

CCPR/C/104/D/1829/2008
Communication No. 1829/2008

Benitez v. Paraguay

CCPR articles 2 (3); 7

Arrest of a person during a demonstration and torture

Merits – Violation CCPR articles 2 (3); 7

 

CCPR/C/104/D/1853-1854/2008
Communications No. 1853-1854/2008

Atasoy and Sarkut v. Turkey

CCPR article 18(1)
OP-CCPR article 5(2(b))

Conscientious objection to military service

Exhaustion of domestic remedies

Merits – Violation CCPR article 18(1)

 

CCPR/C/104/D/1858/2009
Communication No. 1858/2009

Y.M. v. Russian Federation

CCPR articles 2(3); 7; 9; 10(1); 14(1); 16; 26

Illegal arrest and ill-treatment by customs officers due to ethnic discrimination

Exhaustion of domestic remedies
Non-substantiation of claims

Inadmissible
OP-CCPR article 2

 

CCPR/C/104/D/1859/2009
Communication No. 1859/2009

Kamoyo v. Zambia

CCPR articles 6; 7;
14(3 c) and 5)
OPCCPR article 5(2 b))

Right to life; mandatory nature of the death penalty; torture, cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment; Due process; right to trial without delay; right to judicial review

Merits – violation

 

CCPR/C/104/D/1866/2009
Communication No. 1866/2009

Chebotareva v. Russian Federation

CCPR article 14(1), 21
OP-CCPR article 2

Refusal to issue permission to conduct pickets

Non-substantiation of claims

Merits – Violation CCPR article 21

 

CCPR/C/104/D/1880/2009
CCPR/C/104/D/1880/2009/Corr.1

Communication No. 1880/2009

Nenova et al v. Libya

CCPR articles 2; 6; 7; 9; 10(1); 14; 26

Torture; unfair trial; arbitrary arrest and detention; death penalty imposed following unfair trial; lack of effective remedy; discrimination

Merits – violation

 

CCPR/C/104/D/1883/2009
Communication No. 1883/2009

Orazova v. Turkmenistan

CCPR articles 2(3) (a) and (b); 12(1) and (2); 14(1); 17(1)

Unjustified restrictions on travelling abroad and within the country; unlawful police surveillance, including unauthorized home searches, phone tapping and interference with correspondence

Non-substantiation of claims

Merits – Violation CCPR article 12(2)

 

CCPR/C/104/D/1905/2009
Communication No. 1905/2009

Khirani v. Algeria

CCPR articles 2(3); 6(1); 7; 9; 10(1); 16
OP-CCPR article 5 (2 (b))

Enforced disappearance

Exhaustion of domestic remedies

Merits – Violation CCPR articles 2 (3); 6 (1) ; 7; 9; 10; 16

 

CCPR/C/104/D/1914, 1915 &1916/2009
Communications No. 1914, 1915 & 1916/2009

Musaev v. Uzbekistan

CCPR articles 7; 9 (3);
OP-CCPR article 2

Failure to promptly bring a person detained on a criminal charge before a judge and to adequately address torture allegations ; proceedings in violation of fair trial guarantees

Non-substantiation of claims

Merits – Violation CCPR articles 7; 9; 14, (3(b) (g)),(5)

 

CCPR/C/104/D/2058/2011
Communication No. 2058/2009

O.D. v. Russian Federation

CCPR article 14
OP-CCPR article 2

Right to a fair hearing by an impartial tribunal

Non-substantiation of claims

Inadmissible

 
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