dcsimg
English Site French Site Spanish Site Russian Site Arabic Site Chinese Site OHCHR header
Make a donation to OHCHR


COMMITTEE ON THE ELIMINATION OF DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN

Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women - Jurisprudence

CEDAW 57th session (Geneva, 10-28 February 2014)

Reference Case Name Articles invoked Subject Matter Procedural issues Outcome Documents

CEDAW/C/57/D/34/2011

Communication No. 34/2011

R. P. B. v. the Philippines CEDAW articles
1;
Definition of discrimination against women Exhaustion of domestic remedies; Merits – violation
under articles 1 and 2 (c), (d) and (f) of the CEDAW, and CEDAW general recommendations Nos. 18 and 19

E F S R A C

2 (c), (d), (f); Policy measures
   
 

CEDAW/C/57/D/36/2012

Communication No. 36/2012

De Blok et al v. the Netherlands CEDAW article
11 (2)(b)
Removal of a previously existing public scheme providing benefits to self-employed women during maternity leave, without provision of adequate alternative.  Merits – violation
Of article 11 (2) (b) CEDAW
  E F S R A C
   
   
CEDAW/C/57/D/39/2012

Communication No. 39/2012
N. v. the Netherlands

CEDAW articles 1;

Definition of discrimination against women

Exhaustion of domestic remedies Inadmissibility under article 4 (2) (c) OP CEDAW (not sufficiently substantiated) E F S R A C
    2 (e);

Policy measures

     
    3;

Guarantee of basic Human rights and Fundamental freedoms

     
    6;

Suppression of trafficking/exploitation

     
    CEDAW articles 1; Definition of discrimination against women      
    2 (e);

Policy measures

     
    3;

Guarantee of basic Human rights and Fundamental freedoms

     
    6;

Suppression of trafficking/exploitation

     

CEDAW 56th session (Geneva, 30 September – 18 October 2013)

Reference Case Name Articles invoked Subject Matter Procedural issues Outcome Documents

CEDAW/C/56/D/29/2011
Communication No. 29/2011

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

M. S. v. Spain

CEDAW articles 1;

Definition of discrimination against women

Exhaustion of domestic remedies

Inadmissibility  under article 4 (1) OP CEDAW (non-exhaustion)

E F S R A C

2 (a)- (g)

Policy measures

3;

Guarantee of basic Human rights and Fundamental freedoms

 

6;

Suppression of trafficking/exploitation 

 

 

 

9 (1)

Equality regarding Women’s nationality.

 

 

 

10 (a)

Equal rights in the field of education

 

 

 

11 1) (a) and (d)

Non-discrimination in the field of employment; right to work; right to equal treatment

 

 

 

11 2) c)

Provision of special social services to enable parents combine family obligations and work responsibilities

 

 

 

15 1) and 2)

Equality before the law

 

 

 

16 1) c), d) and f)

Appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination in all matters relating to marriage and family relations

 

 

CEDAW/C/56/D/44/2012
Communication No. 44/2012

 

M.K.D.A.-A v. Denmark

CEDAW article 1;

Definition of discrimination against women

Victim standing

Inadmissibility
under article  4 (2) OP CEDAW (lack of victim status)   

E F S R A C

2 (d);

Policy measures

5;

Temporary special measures

 

16 (d)

Appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination in all matters relating to marriage and family relations

 

 

 

CEDAW 55th session (Geneva, 8- 26 July 2013)

Reference Case Name Articles invoked Subject Matter Procedural issues Outcome Documents

CEDAW/C/55/D/33/2011
Communication No. 33/2011

M. N. N v. Denmark

CEDAW articles 1;

Definition of discrimination against women

Level of substantiation of claim

Inadmissibility  under article 4 2 (c) OP CEDAW (insufficiently substantiated)

E F S R A C

2 (c) and (d)

Policy measures

3;

Guarantee of basic Human rights and Fundamental freedoms

CEDAW/C/55/D/35/2011
Communication No. 35/2012

M. E. N  v. Denmark

CEDAW article 1;

Definition of discrimination against women

Exhaustion of domestic remedies.

Inadmissibility
under article  4 (1) OP CEDAW (failure to exhaust domestic remedies)   

E F S R A C

2;

Policy measures

3;

Guarantee of basic Human rights and Fundamental freedoms

CEDAW/C/55/D/40/2012
Communication No. 40/2012

M. S.  v. Denmark.

CEDAW article 1;

Definition of discrimination against women

Level of substantiation of claim

Inadmissibility  under article 4 2 (c) OP CEDAW (insufficiently substantiated)

E F S R A C

2;

Policy measures

3;

Guarantee of basic Human rights and Fundamental freedoms

5;

Gender stereotypes

12;

Failure to ensure health-care protocols and hospital procedures to address violence against women and abuse of girl children and provision of appropriate health-care services

16

Appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination in all matters relating to marriage and family relations

No final decisions were adopted at the CEDAW 54th Session

CEDAW- 53rd session (1-26 October 2012) Geneva

Reference Case Name Articles invoked Subject Matter Procedural issues Outcome Documents

CEDAW/C/53/D/31/2011
Communication No. 31/2011

V.P.P. v. Bulgaria

CEDAW articles 1;

 

-

Merits – violation
CEDAW  articles 2, paragraphs (a), (b), (c), (e), (f) and (g); read together with articles 1, 3 and 5, paragraphs (a) and (b); article 12 and article 15, paragraph (1)

E F S R C A

2 ( (a)-(c), (e) and (f);

Policy measures

3;

Guarantee of basic Human rights and Fundamental freedoms

12;

Failure to ensure health-care protocols and hospital procedures to address violence against women and abuse of girl children and provision of appropriate health-care services

15

Equality before the law.

OPCEDAW
none

 

CEDAW/C/53/D/38/2012
Communication No. 38/2012

J.S. v. the U.K.

CEDAW article 1;

Definition of discrimination against women

Failure to exhaust domestic remedies
Incompatible with the provisions of the Convention
Insufficient substantiation and manifestly ill-founded

Inadmissibility
OPCEDAW article 4 (1) – non-exhaustion.  

E F S R A C

2;

Policy measures

3;

Guarantee of basic Human rights and Fundamental freedoms

9

Equality regarding acquisition of nationality.

OPCEDAW article 4(1)

 

CEDAW- 52nd session (9-27 July 2012) New York

Reference Case Name Articles invoked Subject Matter Procedural issues Outcome Documents
CEDAW/C/52/D/32/2011 Jallow v. Bulgaria

CEDAW articles 1,

2((b), (c), (d), (e), and (f))

3,

4,

5 (a)

and 16.1 ((c), (d), and (f))

OPCEDAW articles 4.1; 4.2 (c)

Definition of discrimination against women

Policy measures

Guarantee of basic Human rights and Fundamental freedoms

Temporary special measures

Sex role stereotyping prejudice

Appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination in all matters relating to marriage and family relations

Failure to exhaust domestic remedies

Insufficient substantiation and manifestly ill-founded

Merits – violation

CEDAW articles 2, ((b), (c), (d), (e) and (f)), 5 (a), and article 16, ((c), (d) and (f)), read in conjunction with articles 1 and 3

E F S R A C

CEDAW- 51st session ( 13 February to 2 March 2012) Geneva

Reference Case Name Articles invoked Subject Matter Procedural issues Outcome Documents

CEDAW/C/51/D/19/2008
Communication No. 19/2008

Kell v. Canada

CEDAW articles 1;

Definition of discrimination against women

Failure to exhaust domestic remedies
Insufficient substantiation and manifestly ill-founded
Inadmissible ratione temporis

Merits – violation
CEDAW  articles 2, ((d) and (e));
16 (1 (h)) read in conjunction with article 1

E F S  R C A

2 ( (d) and (e));

Policy measures

14 (2 (h));

Rural women

15 ( 1-4);

Full equality civil and business matters

16 (1(h))

Appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination in all matters relating to marriage and family relations

OPCEDAW article 4 (1); (2 (c); (e))  

CEDAW/C/51/D/25/2010
Communication No. 25/2010

M.P.M. v. Canada

CEDAW articles  2((c), (d)) ;

Policy measures

Failure to exhaust domestic remedies
Incompatible with the provisions of the Convention
Insufficient substantiation and manifestly ill-founded

Inadmissibility
OPCEDAW article 4 (2 (c))

E  F  S  R A C

3;

Guarantee of basic Human rights and Fundamental freedoms

15;

Full equality civil and business matters

16

Appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination in all matters relating to marriage and family relations

OPCEDAW article 4 (1, 2 ((b) and (c))

CEDAW/C/51/D/28/2010
Communication No. 28/2010

R.K.B. v. Turkey

CEDAW articles 1;
 

Definition of discrimination against women

Incompatible with the provisions of the Convention
Insufficient substantiation and manifestly ill-founded

Merits – violation
CEDAW articles 2 ((a) and (c)) read in conjunction with article 1;
5, (a);
11, (1 (a) and (d))

E F S R A C

2 ((a) and (c));

Policy measures

5, (a);

Sex role stereotyping and prejudice

11 (1 (a) and (d))

Employment

OPCEDAW article 4 (2(b) and (c))


Symbol numbers
Languagues
CEDAW/C/52/D/32/2011 A | C | E | F | R | S
CEDAW/C/51/D/28/2010 A | C | E | F | R | S
CEDAW/C/51/D/25/2010 A | C | E | F | R | S
CEDAW/C/50/D/27/2010 A | C | E | F | R | S
CEDAW/C/50/D/26/2010 A | C | E | F | R | S
CEDAW/C/50/D/22/2009 A | C | E | F | R | S
CEDAW/C/49/D/23/2009 A | C | E | F | R | S
CEDAW/C/49/D/20/2008 A | C | E | F | R | S
CEDAW/C/51/D/19/2008 A | C | E | F | R | S
CEDAW/C/46/D/18/2008 A | C | E | F | R | S
CEDAW/C/49/D/17/2008 A | C | E | F | R | S
CEDAW/C/42/D/15/2007 A | C | E | F | R | S
CEDAW/C/44/D/13/2007 A | C | E | F | R | S
CEDAW/C/44/D/12/2007 A | C | E | F | R | S
CEDAW/C/37/D/11/2006 E | F | R | S
CEDAW/C/38/D/10/2005 E | F | R | S
CEDAW/C/34/D/8/2005 A | C | E | F | R | S
CEDAW/C/39/D/7/2005 A | C | E | F | R | S
CEDAW/C/39/D/6/2005 A | C | E | F | R | S
CEDAW/C/39/D/5/2005 A | C | E | F | R | S
CEDAW/C/36/D/4/2004 A | C | E | F | R | S
CEDAW/C/36/D/3/2004 A | C | E | F | R | S
CEDAW/C/36/D/2/2003 A | C | E | F | R | S
CEDAW/C/36/D/1/2003 A | C | E | F | R | S
Country-specific information