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COMMITTEE ON THE ELIMINATION OF RACIAL DISCRIMINATION

Early-Warning Measures and Urgent Procedures

The Committee includes in its regular agenda preventive measures which include early-warning aimed at preventing existing situations escalating into conflicts and urgent procedures to respond to problems requiring immediate attention to prevent or limit the scale or number of serious violations of the Convention. For more information on these procedures, click here.

The Committee has adopted the following recent decisions under these procedures (A), issued statements (B) or has sent the following letters to States Parties (C). Responses from States parties are not posted on the website:

A. Decisions


Symbol

Subject

Languages

Date

CERD/C/CIV/DEC/2 Côte d'Ivoire

E | F | R | S

04/03/2011
CERD/C/KGZ/DEC/1 Kyrghystan

E | F | R | S

27/08/2010
CERD/C/NGA/DEC/1 Nigeria

E | F | R | S

11/03/2010
CERD/C/DEC/SUR/5 Suriname

E | F | R | S

18/08/2006
CERD/C/USA/DEC/1 United States of America

E | F | R | S

07/03/2006
CERD/C/DEC/SUR/2 Suriname

E | F | R | S

18/08/2005

CERD/C/66/DAR/Dec.2

Situation in Darfur

E | F | R | S

11/03/2005

CERD/C/66/NZL/Dec.1

New Zealand Foreshore and Seabed Act 2004

E | F | R | S

11/03/2005

CERD/C/65/Dec.2

Israel (family reunification in cases of marriage between an Israeli citizen and a person residing in the West Bank or Gaza)

E | F | R | S

20/08/2004

CERD/C/65/Dec.1

Sudan (Situation in Darfur)

E | F | R | S

18/08/2004

CERD/C/64/Dec.1

Guyana

E | F | R | S

09/03/2004

CERD/C/63/Dec.1

Situation in Lao People's Democratic Republic

E | F | R | S

21/08/2003

CERD/C/63/Dec.2

Israel (family reunification in cases of marriage between an Israeli citizen and a person residing in the West Bank or Gaza)

E | F | R | S

14/08/2003

CERD/C/62/Dec.1

Situation of Displaced Persons in Côte d'Ivoire

E | F | R | S

21/03/2003

CERD/C/62/Dec.2

Guyana

E | F | R | S

21/03/2003

CERD/C/62/Dec.3

Suriname

E | F | R | S

21/03/2003


B. Statements


State Party

Statement

Flag
LIBYAN ARAB JAMAHIRIYA

28 February 2011
E

Flag
SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC

2 September 2011
E


C. Letters


State Party

Letter

Flag
AUSTRALIA

31/05/2010
E
28/09/2009
E
13/03/2009
E

Flag
BELIZE

09/03/ 2012
E
07/03/2008
E
24/08/2007
E
09/03/2007
E

Flag
BOTSWANA

12/03/2010
E

Flag
BRAZIL

11/03/2011
E
31/05/2010
E
28/09/2009
E
07/03/2008
E
24/08/2007
E
09/03/2007
E
18/08/2006
E
15/08/2008
E

Flag
CANADA

13/03/2009
E
15/08/2008
E

Flag
CAMEROON

1/03/2013
F
27/08/2010
F

Flag
CHILE

02/09/2011
S
07/03/2008
S
24/08/2007
S

China
CHINA

07/03/2008
E

Flag
COLOMBIA

02/09/2011
S
27/08/2010
S

Flag
COSTA RICA

30/08/2013
S
1/03/2013
S
31/08/2012
S
02/09/2011
S
11/03/2011
S
27/08/2010
S

Flag
CZECH REPUBLIC

15/08/2008
E

Flag
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC
OF THE CONGO

18/08/2006
F

Flag
EL SALVADOR

13/03/2009
S

Flag
ETHIOPIA

31/08/2012
E
02/09/2011
E
07/03/2008
E
03/09/2007
E

Flag
FRANCE

28/09/2009
F

Flag
GUYANA

7/04/2014
E
1/03/2013
E

Flag
INDIA

7/04/2014
E
31/08/2012
E
02/09/2011
E
12/03/2010
E
28/09/2009
E
13/03/2009
E
15/08/2008
E

Flag
INDONESIA

30/08/2013
E
02/09/2011
E
28/09/2009
E
13/03/2009
E

Flag
ITALY

15/08/2008
E

Flag
JAPAN

31/08/2012
E
09/03/2012
E

Flag
KENYA

7/04/2014
E
30/08/2013
E
09/03/2012
E

Flag
KYRGYZSTAN

02/09/2011
E
11/03/2011
E

Flag
LAOS

12/03/2010
E
13/03/2009
E
27/08/2010
E

Flag
NEPAL

30/08/2013
E
31/08/2012
E
28/09/2009
E
13/03/2009
E

Flag
NICARAGUA

24/08/2007
S
18/08/2006
S

Flag
NIGER

12/03/2010
F
28/09/2009
E
27/08/2010
F

Flag
PANAMA

09/03/2012
E
15/08/2008
E

Flag
PAPUA NEW GUINEA

11/03/2011
E

Flag
PARAGUAY

31/05/2010
E
27/08/2010
S

Flag
PERU

30/08/2013
S
1/03/2013
S
02/09/2011
S
13/03/2010
E
13/03/2009
E
07/03/2008
S
03/09/2007
S
09/03/2007
E S
18/08/2006
E

Flag
PHILIPPINES

31/08/2012
E
07/03/2008
E
24/08/2007
E
15/08/2008
E
27/08/2010
E

Flag
RUSSIAN FEDERATION

02/09/2011
E
11/03/2011
E

Flag
SLOVAKIA

31/08/2012
E
02/09/2011
E
11/03/2011
E
27/08/2010
E

Flag
SOUTH AFRICA

11/03/2011
E

Flag
SURINAME

1/03/2013
E
09/03/2012
E
02/09/2011
E

Flag
TANZANIA

1/03/2013
E
11/03/2011
E
13/03/2009
E

Flag
THAILAND

09/03/2012
E

Flag
UNITED KINGDOM

12/03/2010
E

Flag
UNITED STATES OF
AMERICA

1/03/2013
E
09/03/2012
E
11/03/2011
E
09/03/2007
E
18/08/2006
E

Regional Institutions

Regional Institutions

Letter

CONSEIL OF EUROPE

27 August 2010
E

EUROPEAN UNION

27 August 2010
E


About the early-warning measures and urgent procedures

In 1993, the Committee adopted a working paper to guide it in dealing with possible measures to prevent, as well as to respond more effectively to, violations of the Convention (see A/48/18, Annex III E | F | S ). The working paper noted that both early warning measures and urgent procedures could be used to try to prevent serious violations of the Convention. At its 45th session in 1994, the Committee decided that preventive measures including early warning and urgent procedures, should become part of its regular agenda.

Early warning measures are to be directed at preventing existing problems from escalating into conflicts and can also include confidence-building measures to identify and support whatever strengthens and reinforces racial tolerance, particularly to prevent a resumption of conflict where it has previously occurred. Criteria for early warning measures could, for example, include the following situations: the lack if an adequate legislative basis for defining and prohibiting all forms of racial discrimination, as provided for in the Convention; inadequate implementation of enforcement mechanisms, including the lack of recourse procedures; the presence of a pattern of escalating racial hatred and violence, or racist propaganda or appeals to racial intolerance by persons, groups or organisations, notably by elected or other officials; a significant pattern of racial discrimination evidenced in social and economic indicators, and significant flows of refugees or displaced persons resulting from a pattern of racial discrimination or encroachment on the lands of minority communities.

Urgent procedures are to respond to problems requiring immediate attention to prevent or limit the scale or number of serious violations of the Convention. Criteria for initiating an urgent procedure could include, for example, the presence of a serious , massive or persistent pattern of racial discrimination; or a situation that is serious where there is a risk of further racial discrimination.

Decisions, statements or resolutions are adopted and further action is taken by the Committee under these procedures that have been used since 1993 in relation to more than 20 States parties. The Committee has, inter alia, conducted two field visits in connection with the procedure and has drawn the attention of the Secretary-General, the Security Council or other relevant bodies in relation to 6 States parties.

In its working paper adopted at the 63rd session, the Committee mentioned that it may decide to set up a working group to consider the status of implementation of its decisions and recommendations under the early-warning measures and urgent procedures and to make suggestions in this respect. The working group may also be charged with suggesting appropriate measures to reactivate these mechanisms, indicating the situations or cases to which these measures or procedures may be applied.

At its 71st session in August 2007 the Committee adopted revised guidelines on the early warning and urgent action procedure.
E | F | S

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