Background information on the Advisory Committee
Pursuant to Council resolution 5/1 paragraphs 65 to 84, the Human Rights Council Advisory Committee has been established to function as a think-tank for the Council and work at its direction. The Committee held its first meeting in August 2008. It meets twice a year, for one week in February immediately before the March session of the Council and for one week in August.
Mandate & Functions
- The Advisory Committee provides expertise to the Council in the manner and form requested by it. It mainly focuses on studies and research-based advice.
- The Committee may also propose within the scope of the work set out by the Council, for the latter’s consideration and approval, suggestions for further research proposals.
- In its work, the Committee should be implementation-oriented and the scope of its advice should be limited to thematic issues pertaining to the mandate of the Council, namely promotion and protection of all human rights.
- It shall not adopt resolutions or decisions.
The Committee is composed of 18 independent experts from different professional backgrounds representing the various regions of the world (5 from African States; 5 from Asian States; 2 from Eastern European States; 3 from Latin American and Caribbean States, and 3 from Western European and other States). Experts are nominated by Governments and elected by the Council. Elections normally take place at the September session of the Council.
At the thirty-sixth session in September 2017, elections were held for seven seats, two from African States, one from Latin American and Caribbean States, one from Western European and other States, one from Eastern European States and two from Asia-Pacific States.
Members serve for a period of three years and may be re-elected once. Their term of membership starts on 1 October of the year of their election.
The present composition of the Advisory Committee - with an indication of the expiration of the term of membership in brackets - is as follows: Ibrahim Abdulaziz Alsheddi (Saudi Arabia, 2018); Mohamed Bennani* (Morocco, 2020); Lazhari Bouzid (Algeria, 2019); Mario Luis Coriolano (Argentina, 2018); Ion Diaconu* (Romania, 2020); Karla Hananía de Varela* (El Salvador, 2019); Ludovic Hennebel (Belgium, 2020); Mikhail Lebedev* (Russian Federation, 2019); Xinsheng Liu (China, 2019); Ajai Malhotra (India, 2020); Kaoru Obata* (Japan, 2019); Mona Omar (Egypt, 2019); Katharina Pabel (Austria, 2018); Elizabeth Salmón (Peru, 2020); Dheerujlall Baramlall Seetulsingh (Mauritius, 2020); Changrok Soh* (Republic of Korea, 2020); Imeru Tamrat Yigezu (Ethiopia, 2018); and Jean Ziegler* (Switzerland, 2019).