The Human Rights Council established the Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan for a one-year term on 23 March 2016 by resolution 31/20 and subsequently extended its mandate for an additional year by adopting resolution 34/25 on 24 March 2017, with its current term due to expire in March 2018.
The three-member Commission, composed of Yasmin Sooka (South Africa), Godfrey Musila (Kenya) and Andrew Clapham (United Kingdom), presented its first report to the Human Rights Council in March 2017, which was followed by an interactive discussion with States.
The Commission is tasked to determine and report the facts and circumstances of, collect and preserve evidence of, and clarify responsibility for alleged gross violations and abuses of human rights and related crimes, including sexual and gender-based violence and ethnic violence, with a view to ending impunity and providing accountability.
|Andrew Clapham of the CHRSS meeting with refugees at Kule refugee camp in Gambella, Ethiopia, 18 December 2017 ©CHRSS||Andrew Clapham of the CHRSS visits former UN camp in Akobo, South Sudan where peacekeepers were killed in December 2013, 13 December 2017 ©UNMISS Photo|
|Andrew Clapham of the Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan interviews an internally displaced person in Akobo, South Sudan, December 2017 ©UNMISS Photo - Adebayo Ayokunle||Andrew Clapham of the Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan speaks with South Sudanese in Protection of Civilian (PoC) site in Juba, 14 December 2017 ©UNMISS Photo - Eric Kanalstein|
|Yasmin Sooka, Chairperson of the CHRSS, meets staff of the Refugee Law Project at Kiriyandongo refugee camp, Uganda, 19 December 2017 ©CHRSS||Yasmin Sooka, Chairperson of the CHRSS, speaks with recently arrived refugee at Elegu collection point on South Sudan-Uganda border, 19 December 2017 ©CHRSS|
|Yasmin Sooka, Chairperson of the CHRSS, speaks with refugees at the Palabek refugee settlement in Uganda, 19 December 2017 ©CHRSS||Yasmin Sooka, Chairperson of the Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan, at a press conference in Juba, South Sudan, 15 December 2017 ©UNMISS Photo|
UN human rights experts call for perpetrators of widespread human rights violations to be brought to justice in South Sudan
22 December 2017
- To monitor and report on the situation of human rights in South Sudan, and to make recommendations to prevent further deterioration of the situation with a view to its improvement.
- To determine and report the facts and circumstances of, collect and preserve evidence of, and clarify responsibility for alleged gross violations and abuses of human rights and related crimes, including sexual and gender-based violence and ethnic violence, with a view to ending impunity and providing accountability, and to make such information available also to all transitional justice mechanisms, including those to be established pursuant to chapter V of the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan, including the hybrid court for South Sudan, once established in cooperation with the African Union;
- To report on the factual basis for transitional justice and reconciliation;
- To provide guidance on transitional justice, including accountability and reconciliation and healing, as appropriate, and – once the Government of South Sudan commits to cooperating with the African Union on establishing the hybrid court for South Sudan – to make recommendations on technical assistance to the Government to support accountability, reconciliation and healing;
- To engage with the Government of South Sudan, international and regional mechanisms, including the United Nations, the United Nations Mission in South Sudan, the African Union, including by building upon the work of its Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan and its African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development, including the Partners Forum, the Chair of the Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission and civil society, with a view to providing support to national, regional and international efforts to promote accountability for human rights violations and abuses;
- To make recommendations on technical assistance and capacity-building, as appropriate, including to law enforcement institutions, on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms, including on addressing sexual and gender-based violence.
MEMBERS OF THE COMMISSION
The Commissioners are not United Nations staff; they are not remunerated, and serve in their independent personal expert capacity.
A/HRC/RES/34/25 - Resolution adopted by the Human Rights Council on 24 March 2017 on the Situation of human rights in South Sudan.
A/HRC/34/63 - Report of the Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan
A/HRC/RES/31/20 – Resolution adopted by the Human Rights Council on 23 March 2016 on the Situation of human rights in South Sudan.