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OPTIONAL PROTOCOL TO THE CONVENTION AGAINST TORTURE (OPCAT)
SUBCOMMITTEE ON PREVENTION OF TORTURE

National Preventive Mechanisms

Compilation of information on NPMs based on State Parties submissions to the SPT

Country
Date of ratification/accession
National Preventive Mechanism (NPM)
Communication from State Parties regarding the designation of the NPM
Designated NPM notified by the State Party to the SPT
Albania 01.10.2003 (a) People's Advocate Correspondence
Argentina 15.11.2004 Sistema Nacional para la Prevención de la Tortura y Otros Tratos Crueles, Inhumanos o Degradantes Correspondence
Armenia 14.09.2006 (a) Human Rights Defender of the Republic of Armenia Correspondence
Austria 04.12.2012 Austrian Ombudsman Board  Correspondence
Azerbaijan 28.01.2009 The Commissioner for Human Rights (Ombudsman) Correspondence
Bulgaria 01.06.2011 Ombudsman of the Republic of Bulgaria Correspondence
Chile 12.12.2008 Instituto Nacional de Derechos Humanos Correspondence
Costa Rica 01.12.2005

Defensoria de los Habitantes

Correspondence
Croatia 25.04.2005 Croatian's People Ombudsmen Correspondence
Cyprus 29.04.2009 Commissioner of Administration/Ombudsman Correspondence
Czech Republic 10.07.2006 Public Defender of Rights Correspondence and Annex I
Denmark (and Greenland)  25.06.2004

The Danish Parliamentary Ombudsman

Greenland's Ombudsperson

Correspondence

Correspondence

Ecuador 20.07.2010 Defensoría del Pueblo  
Estonia 18.12.2006 Office of the Chancellor of Justice (Ombudsman) Correspondence
France 11.11.2008 Contrôleur Général des lieux de privation de liberté Correspondence
Georgia 09.08.2005 (a) Office of the Public Defender Correspondence
Germany 04.12.2008

The Federal Agency for the Prevention of Torture and the Join Commission of the Lander were designated as NPM

The first one will deal with federal institutions and the second one will deal with Lander authorities

Correspondence

Greece 11.02.2014 The Greek Ombudsman Correspondence
Honduras 23.05.2006 National Committee for the Prevention of Torture

Correspondence

Information contained in the public SPT visit report

Hungary** 12.01.2012 (a) Commissioner for Fundamental Rights (from 1 January, 2015) Correspondence
Liechtenstein 03.11.2006 Corrections Commission

Correspondence

Lithuania 20.01.2014 (a) Seimas Ombudsmen's Office Correspondence
Luxembourg 19.05.2010

Médiateur du Grand Duché de Luxembourg

Correspondence
Maldives 15.02.2006 Human Rights Commission Correspondence

Public SPT Report on the first periodic visit to Maldives, CAT/OP/MDV/1
Mali 12.05.2005 Commission nationale des Droits de l'Homme Correspondence
Malta 24.09.2003 Board of Visitors for Detained Persons and the Board of Visitors of the Prisons

Correspondence

 

Mauritius 21.06.2005 (a) National Human Rights Commission

Correspondence

Information contained in the confidential SPT visit report

Mexico 11.04.2005

Comisión Nacional de los Derechos Humanos

Correspondence

Information contained in the public SPT visit report
Montenegro 06.03.2009 Protector of Human Rights and Freedoms, Ombudsman Correspondence
Netherlands 28 September 2010 Six national inspectorate bodies comprise the Dutch NPM, and are coordinated by the Inspectorate for Implementation of Sanctions Correspondence
New Zealand 14.03.2007

Human Rights Commission (central NPM)

The Ombudsman's Office

The Children's Commissioner

The Police Complaints Authority

The Judge Advocate General
Correspondence
Nicaragua 25.02.2009 Procuraduría para la Defensa de los Derechos Humanos Correspondence
Nigeria 27.07.09 (a) National Committee on Torture  
Norway 27.06.2013 Parliamentary Ombudsman for Public Administration Correspondence
Paraguay 02.12.2005 Comisión Nacional de Prevención de la Tortura y otros tratos o penas crueles, inhumanos o degradantes

See CAT/OP/PRY/2/Add.1, para. 6

Correspondence

Poland 14.09.2005 The Commissioner for Civil Rights Protection (Ombudsman) Correspondence
Portugal 15.01.2013

Provedor de Justiça (Ombudsman)

Correspondence
Republic of Moldova 24.07.2006 Centre for Human Rights (Ombudsman) in combination with the Consultative Council

Correspondence

Correspondence

Annexes: 1-2

Senegal 18.10.2006 Observateur national des lieux de privation de liberté Correspondence
Serbia 26.09.2006 Protector of Citizens (Ombudsman) Correspondences 1-2
Slovenia 23.01.2007 (a) Human Rights Ombudsman Correspondence
Spain 04.04.2006 El Defensor del Pueblo Correspondence
Sweden 14.09.2005 Parliamentary Ombudsman and the Chancellor of Justice Correspondence
Switzerland 24.09.2009 Commission nationale de prévention de la torture Correspondence
Togo 20.07.2010 Commission Nationale des Droits de l'Homme  Correspondence 
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 13.02.2009 Ombudsman of the Republic of Macedonia"; The non-governmental organizations registered in the State Party and organizations which have acquired the status of humanitarian organizations in the State Party, may perform some of the competences of the national preventive mechanism, in agreement  with, and with prior consent of the Ombudsman of the Republic of Macedonia Correspondence
Tunisia 29.06.2011 (a) l'Instance Nationale pour la Prévention de la Torture Correspondence
Turkey 27.09.2011 National Human Rights Institution of Turkey Correspondence
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 10.12.2003 Twenty-one organizations, including the Independent Custody Visiting Association (ICVA), the HM Inspectorate for Prisons, and the HM Inspectorate for Constabulary, coordinated by the HM Inspector for Prisons Correspondence 1-2
Ukraine 19.09.2006 Parliament Commissioner for Human Rights Correspondence
Uruguay

08.12.2005

Institución Nacional de Derechos Humanos

Correspondence

No designation of NPM notified by the State Party to the SPT
Benin 20.09.2006   Information contained in the public SPT visit report
Bolivia 23.05.2006  

Correspondence
Annexes: 1-2-3-4

Information contained in the confidential SPT visit report

Bosnia and Herzegovina 24.10.2008    
Brazil 12.01.2007   Correspondence
Burkina Faso 07.07.2010    
Cambodia 30.03.2007  

Correspondence

Information contained in the confidential SPT visit report

Democratic Republic of the Congo 23.09.2010    
Gabon 22.09.2010    
Guatemala 09.06.2008  

Correspondence - Not for public distribution

Correspondence

Italy* 03.04.2013    
Kazakhstan** 22.10.2008    
Kyrgyzstan 29.12.2008 (a)    
Lebanon 22.12.2008 (a)   Information contained in the confidential SPT visit report
Liberia 22.09.2004 (a)    
Mauritania* 03.10.2012 . .
Nauru* 24.01.2013 (a)    
Panama 02.06.2011    
Peru 14.09.2006 (a)   Correspondence
Philippines* 17.04.2012 (a)    
Romania** 02.07.2009   Correspondence
Tunisia 29.06.2011 (a)    

*one year deadline to maintain, designate or establish NPMs not yet expired - article 17 of the OPCAT 

**Declaration made under article 24 of the OPCAT

Country-specific information