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OPTIONAL PROTOCOL TO THE CONVENTION AGAINST TORTURE (OPCAT)
SUBCOMMITTEE ON PREVENTION OF TORTURE

National Preventive Mechanisms

Compilation of information on NPMs based on State Parties submissions to the SPT

Country
Date of ratification/accession
National Preventive Mechanism (NPM)
Communication from State Parties regarding the designation of the NPM
Designated NPM notified by the State Party to the SPT
Albania01.10.2003 (a) People's Advocate Correspondence
Argentina15.11.2004Sistema Nacional para la Prevención de la Tortura y Otros Tratos Crueles, Inhumanos o Degradantes Correspondence
Armenia14.09.2006 (a)Human Rights Defender of the Republic of Armenia Correspondence
Austria04.12.2012 Austrian Ombudsman Board  Correspondence
Azerbaijan28.01.2009 The Commissioner for Human Rights (Ombudsman) Correspondence
Bulgaria01.06.2011 Ombudsman of the Republic of Bulgaria Correspondence
Chile12.12.2008 Instituto Nacional de Derechos Humanos Correspondence
Costa Rica01.12.2005

Defensoria de los Habitantes

Correspondence
Croatia25.04.2005 Croatian's People Ombudsmen Correspondence
Cyprus29.04.2009 Commissioner of Administration/Ombudsman Correspondence
Czech Republic10.07.2006 Public Defender of Rights Correspondence and Annex I
Denmark (and Greenland) 25.06.2004

The Danish Parliamentary Ombudsman

Greenland's Ombudsperson

Correspondence

Correspondence

Ecuador20.07.2010 Defensoría del Pueblo 
Estonia18.12.2006 Office of the Chancellor of Justice (Ombudsman) Correspondence
Finland08.10.2014 The Parliamentary Ombudsman of Finland Correspondence
France11.11.2008 Contrôleur Général des lieux de privation de liberté Correspondence
Georgia09.08.2005 (a) Office of the Public Defender Correspondence
Germany04.12.2008

The Federal Agency for the Prevention of Torture and the Join Commission of the Lander were designated as NPM

The first one will deal with federal institutions and the second one will deal with Lander authorities

Correspondence

Greece11.02.2014The Greek Ombudsman Correspondence
Honduras23.05.2006 National Committee for the Prevention of Torture

Correspondence

Information contained in the public SPT visit report

Hungary**12.01.2012 (a) Commissioner for Fundamental Rights Correspondence
Italy25.04.2014National Guarantor for the rights of persons detained and deprived of their liberty Correspondence
Kazakhstan**22.10.2008Commissioner for Human Rights Correspondence
Kyrgyzstan 29.12.2008 (a) National Center on Prevention of Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment Correspondence
Liechtenstein03.11.2006Corrections Commission

Correspondence

Lithuania20.01.2014 (a)Seimas Ombudsmen's Office Correspondence
Luxembourg19.05.2010

Médiateur du Grand Duché de Luxembourg

Correspondence
Maldives15.02.2006 Human Rights Commission Correspondence

Public SPT Report on the first periodic visit to Maldives,
CAT/OP/MDV/1
Mali12.05.2005 Commission nationale des Droits de l'Homme Correspondence
Malta24.09.2003Board of Visitors for Detained Persons and the Board of Visitors of the Prisons

Correspondence

 

Mauritania03.10.2012Commission Nationale des Droits de l'Homme Correspondence
Mauritius21.06.2005 (a) National Human Rights Commission

Correspondence

Information contained in the confidential SPT visit report

Mexico11.04.2005

Comisión Nacional de los Derechos Humanos

Correspondence

Information contained in the public SPT visit report
Montenegro06.03.2009 Protector of Human Rights and Freedoms, Ombudsman Correspondence
Netherlands28.09.2010Four national inspectorate bodies comprise the Dutch NPM, and are coordinated by the Inspectorate of Security and Justice Correspondence
New Zealand14.03.2007

Human Rights Commission (central NPM)

The Ombudsman's Office

The Children's Commissioner

The Police Complaints Authority

The Judge Advocate General
Correspondence
Nicaragua25.02.2009 Procuraduría para la Defensa de los Derechos Humanos Correspondence
Nigeria27.07.2009 (a)National Committee on Torture 
Norway27.06.2013 Parliamentary Ombudsman for Public Administration Correspondence
Paraguay02.12.2005Comisión Nacional de Prevención de la Tortura y otros tratos o penas crueles, inhumanos o degradantes

See CAT/OP/PRY/2/Add.1, para. 6

Correspondence

Poland14.09.2005 The Commissioner for Civil Rights Protection (Ombudsman) Correspondence
Portugal15.01.2013

Provedor de Justiça (Ombudsman)

Correspondence
Republic of Moldova24.07.2006 Centre for Human Rights (Ombudsman) in combination with the Consultative Council

Correspondence

Correspondence

Annexes: 1-2

Romania02.07.2009 The People's Advocate Correspondences
1-2
Senegal18.10.2006Observateur national des lieux de privation de liberté Correspondence
Serbia26.09.2006 Protector of Citizens (Ombudsman)Correspondences
1-2
Slovenia23.01.2007 (a) Human Rights Ombudsman Correspondence
Spain04.04.2006 El Defensor del Pueblo Correspondence
Sweden14.09.2005 Parliamentary Ombudsman and the Chancellor of Justice Correspondence
Switzerland24.09.2009Commission nationale de prévention de la torture Correspondence
Togo20.07.2010Commission Nationale des Droits de l'Homme  Correspondence 
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia13.02.2009Ombudsman of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia"; The non-governmental organizations registered in the State Party and organizations which have acquired the status of humanitarian organizations in the State Party, may perform some of the competences of the national preventive mechanism, in agreement  with, and with prior consent of the Ombudsman of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Correspondence
Tunisia29.06.2011 (a)l'Instance Nationale pour la Prévention de la Torture Correspondence
Turkey27.09.2011National Human Rights Institution of Turkey Correspondence
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland10.12.2003The UK NPM is comprised of 21 separate bodies, is led by a NPM chair and coordinated by HMIP. The Isle of Man NPM has three members.Correspondences
1-2-3-4
Ukraine19.09.2006Parliament Commissioner for Human Rights Correspondence
Uruguay

08.12.2005

Institución Nacional de Derechos Humanos

Correspondence

No designation of NPM notified by the State Party to the SPT
Belize04.09.2015 (a)  
Benin20.09.2006 Information contained in the public SPT visit report
Bolivia23.05.2006 

Correspondence
Annexes: 1-2-3-4

Information contained in the confidential SPT visit report

Bosnia and Herzegovina24.10.2008  
Brazil12.01.2007  Correspondence
Burkina Faso07.07.2010  
Burundi18.10.2013 (a)..
Cabo Verde*01.04.2016  
Cambodia30.03.2007 

Correspondence

Information contained in the confidential SPT visit report

Central African Republic11.10.2016 (a)
Democratic Republic of the Congo23.09.2010  
Gabon22.09.2010  
Ghana*23.09.2016  
Guatemala09.06.2008 

Correspondence
Not for public distribution

Correspondence

Lebanon22.12.2008 (a) Information contained in the confidential SPT visit report
Liberia22.09.2004 (a)  
Mongolia12.02.2015  
Morocco24.11.2014 (a)  
Mozambique 01.07.2014 (a)..
Nauru24.01.2013 (a)  
Niger07.11.2014 (a)  
Panama02.06.2011  
Peru14.09.2006 (a)  Correspondence
Philippines17.04.2012 (a)  
South Sudan30.04.2015 (a)  
Rwanda30.06.2015..

* One year deadline to maintain, designate or establish NPMs not yet expired - article 17 of the OPCAT 

** Declaration made under article 24 of the OPCAT

10th Anniversary

Country-specific information