Country and other visits of special procedures

Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, Mr. James Anaya, visiting indigenous peoples in the Likouala District, Republic of Congo © OHCHR photo

Mandate-holders carry out country visits to assess the situation of human rights at the national level : at the request of a mandate-holder, the Government will send an invitation for a fact-finding mission. Some countries have issued standing invitations, which means that they are, in principle, prepared to receive a visit from any thematic mandate-holder.

During such missions, the experts assess the general human rights situation in a given country, as well as the specific institutional, legal, judicial, administrative and de facto situation under their respective mandates. They will meet with national and local authorities, including members of the judiciary and parliamentarians; members of the national human rights institution, if applicable; non-governmental organizations, civil society organizations and victims of human rights violations; the UN and other inter-governmental agencies; and the press when giving a press-conference at the end of the mission.

Country visits’ findings, conclusions and recommendations by special procedures are published  in mission reports to the Human Rights Council (All special procedures country-related information can also be found in the Universal Human Rights Index.

Terms of Reference for country visits by Special procedures

The Terms of Reference for country visits by mandate holders to States and territories - adopted by special procedures in 1998 and updated in 2016 - are intended to guide Governments in the conduct of the visit. These Terms of Reference reflect the need for freedom of movement, freedom on inquiry, in particular contacts with central and local authorities of all branches of Government, confidential and unsupervised contacts with civil society, including non-governmental organizations, private institutions, media, witnesses and other private persons, and full access to all places of detention and interrogation as considered necessary for the fulfilment of the mandate concerned, assurances by the Government that no persons who have been in contact with mandate holders will suffer threats, harassment or punishment for doing so and appropriate security arrangement without restricting the above-mentioned freedom of movement and inquiry.

The full Terms of Reference are available here.




































Related information

> Forthcoming country visits

> Country visits since 1998

> Standing invitations

> States not yet visited

Press releases on country visits

Expert: Cambodia at crossroads
The UN expert on the human rights situation in Cambodia has expressed serious concerns about restrictions on the media, freedom of expression and political participation ahead of a national election in July, calling on the Government to choose the path of human rights.

United Nations Special Rapporteur Cecilia Jimenez-Damary will undertake her first official visit to Niger from 19 to 24 March 2018 to assess the human rights situation of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the country.

Liberia: Freedom of Expression
Liberia needs to lock in and expand the gains made in the years since the civil war, in particular in the areas of freedom of expression, media independence, and government transparency, a UN expert says.

The UN Independent Expert on the human rights situation in Mali, Suliman Baldo, will visit the country from 12 to 16 March as the security situation and human rights conditions deteriorate.