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Country and visits of Special Procedures

Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, Mr. James Anaya, visiting indigenous peoples in the Likouala District, Republic of Congo © OHCHR photo

Mandate-holders carry out country visits to assess the situation of human rights at the national level : at the request of a mandate-holder, the Government will send an invitation for a fact-finding mission. Some countries have issued standing invitations, which means that they are, in principle, prepared to receive a visit from any thematic mandate-holder.

During such missions, the experts assess the general human rights situation in a given country, as well as the specific institutional, legal, judicial, administrative and de facto situation under their respective mandates. They will meet with national and local authorities, including members of the judiciary and parliamentarians; members of the national human rights institution, if applicable; non-governmental organizations, civil society organizations and victims of human rights violations; the UN and other inter-governmental agencies; and the press when giving a press-conference at the end of the mission.

Country visits’ findings, conclusions and recommendations by special procedures are published  in mission reports to the Human Rights Council (All special procedures country-related information can also be found in the Universal Human Rights Index.

Terms of Reference for Fact-finding missions by Special Procedures

The terms of reference for country visits were adopted at the fourth Annual Meeting of Special Procedures ( E/CN.4/1998/45) and are intended to guide Governments in the conduct of the visit. During missions, Special Procedures mandate-holders and United Nations staff accompanying them, should be given the following guarantees and facilities by the Government that invited them to visit its country:

(a) Freedom of movement in the whole country, including facilitation of transport, in particular to restricted areas;
(b) Freedom of inquiry, in particular as regards:

(i) Access to all prisons, detention centres and places of interrogation;
(ii) Contacts with central and local authorities of all branches of government;
(iii) Contacts with representatives of non-governmental organizations, other private institutions and the media;
(iv) Confidential and unsupervised contact with witnesses and other private persons, including persons deprived of their liberty, considered necessary to fulfil the mandate of the special rapporteur; and
(v) Full access to all documentary material relevant to the mandate;

(c) Assurance by the Government that persons, whether officials or private individuals, who have been in contact with the special rapporteur/representative in relation to the mandate, will not, as a result, suffer threats, harassment or punishment or be subjected to judicial proceedings;
(d) Appropriate security arrangements without, however, restricting the freedom of movement and inquiry referred to above.

Related information


> Forthcoming country visits

> Country visits since 1998

> Standing invitations

> States not yet visited

Press releases on country visits


Human rights in the OPT
The new UN Special Rapporteur on Palestine, Michael Lynk, launches his first mission to gather first-hand information on the current human rights situation in the OPT (10-15 July).

Mission to the USA
UN expert Maina Kiai will visit the USA to assess the extent to which the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association are enjoyed in the country (11-27 July).

Linguistic rights
“Promotion of linguistic rights and strengthening unity are key for Moldova,” said the UN Special Rapporteur on minority issues, Rita Izsák-Ndiaye, at the end of her first visit to the country.

Mission to Myanmar
UN expert Yanghee Lee visits Myanmar at a key juncture for the country with a new Government in place since April following last year’s historic elections (20 June-1st July).

Mission to CAR
The UN Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in the Central African Republic, Keita Bocoum Marie-Thérèse, will visit the country from 10 to 20 June 2016.