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Human Rights Council – Universal Periodic Review

For use of information media; not an official record

Date: Tuesday, 10 May 2011 (Afternoon)

Country under review: SUDAN

Documents: The national report A/HRC/WG.6/11/SDN/1;
Compilation of UN information A/HRC/WG.6/11/SDN/2;
Summary of stakeholders’ information A/HRC/WG.6/11/SDN/3;

Troika: Mauritania, China, Belgium

Concerned country - national report

- Represented by a 6 member delegation and headed by His Excellency Mr. Mohamed Bushara Dosa, Minister of Justice

Introductory remarks

- A comprehensive peace agreement was signed between the North and South.
- As a result of South Sudan’s autonomy, the national report is divided in two parts, one for the North and one for the South.
- In order to normalize the situation in Darfur, a peace security agreement has been signed.
- Electoral laws have been improved especially to allow women to participate.
- Children’s rights have been strengthened.

Interactive discussion

Number of States taking part in the discussion
Member States: 32 Inscribed on the list: 76
Observer States: 44- 23 didn’t take the floor

Positive achievements

- The promotion of free and compulsory education for all.
- The effort to achieve a peace agreement and to organise the referendum
- The ratification of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.
- The establishment of institutional mechanisms such as the Constitutional Court, the national judiciary, the Advisory Council on Human Rights, the Public Grievances Chamber and the Human Rights Commission.
- The Multi-party elections of 2010.

Issues and questions raised

- Human rights violations and the ongoing conflict in Darfur.
- Discriminations against women.
- Sexual and gender based violence.
- Humanitarian access being impeded by military forces.
- Media censorship and the arbitrary arrests of human rights activists and journalists.
- The use of death penalty and torture.
- What is Sudan doing to investigate allegations of torture, rape and sexual assault of demonstrators?
- What measures will Sudan take to guarantee that ethnic and religious minorities do not face discrimination or repression regardless of their background, origin and place of residence?

Recommendations 

- To promote freedom of religion.
- To call for the annulment of Sudan’s international debt.
- To sign and ratify the Optional Protocols to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the Optional Protocol, and the Convention Against Torture and its Optional Protocol.
- To tackle impunity for crimes committed.
- To establish a national human rights institution according to the Paris Principles.
- To reform the National Intelligence and Security Service in accordance with the Comprehensive Peace Agreement.
- To build a lasting peace in Darfur.
- To set up a moratorium on the death penalty and to not sentence to death children under the age of 18.
- To effectively protect journalists and human rights activist against violence and arbitrary detention or forced disappearance.
- To cooperate with the International Criminal Court.
- To work towards the eradication of female genital mutilation.

Response of the concerned country

- The process of the establishment of the National Human Rights Committee is being completed.
- The Government is regularly meeting with international organizations and local institutions to discuss the human rights situation in Sudan.
- Peace in Darfur is a joint effort made by the different parties.
- Refugees and displaced are a priority issue for the Government.
- One advisor will monitor the situation of detained people.
- The 16 newspaper published in Sudan can freely express themselves.
- The Supervisory Council for the Press guarantees press freedom.
- Sudan has reservations about the abrogation of death penalty.
- Equality of wages between women and men in the public sector is ensured.
- A 2007 law prohibits the involvement and participation of children in armed forces.
- A unit has been created to protect women and children against all form of violence-
- National Council looks at the rights of persons with disabilities.
- Death penalty is not applied to children under 12.
- Law for children of 2010 guarantees the protection of the rights of children and prohibits child labour.
- Ratification of the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women is being considered.
- The Constitution does not enshrine torture.
- Minorities have been involved in the drafting of the new Constitution.
- The death penalty only applies in case of very high level of treason.
- The Bill of Rights is incorporated in the Constitution of Southern Sudan.

Adoption of the report by the UPR working group scheduled on
Friday 13 May, 3:30 p.m.

More information

Country under review (documents submitted): http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/UPR/PAGES/SDSession11.aspx

 

ADOPTION OF THE REPORT ON SURINAME

The Universal Periodic Review Working Group today also adopted, ad referendum, the report on Singapore (A/HRC/WG.6/11/L.10), following the review of that country on Friday, 6 May 2011.

The draft report includes 91 recommendations and 33 have been accepted by the delegation of Suriname and 58 are subject to further consultations until the 18th session of the Human Rights Council.

The report will be made available here: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/UPR/PAGES/SRSession11.aspx

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