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Human Rights Council – Universal Periodic Review

For use of information media; not an official record

Date: Monday 15 February (morning)

Country under review: IRAN, ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF

Concerned country - national report

  • Represented by a 33-person delegation and headed by the Secretary General of the High Council for Human Rights, Judiciary, H.E. Dr. Mohammad Javad Larijani
  • National report presented by H.E. Dr. Mohammad Javad Larijani

Highlights

  • Eight members of Parliament, two Vice Presidents, one Minister and several  Vice Ministers are women.
  • Reform of the judiciary underway, e.g. juvenile courts and new Penal Code.
  • Close to 70 percent of sentences in Iranian courts related to drug offences and drugs trafficking over the recent years.
  • Initiatives to generate employment.
  • Ministerial Conference of the Non-Aligned Movement on Human Rights and Cultural Diversity in Tehran, in September 2007.
  • Human rights explicitly enshrined in the Constitution.
  • Open invitation to special procedures of the Human Rights Council.

Interactive discussion

Number of States taking part in the interactive discussion

  • Member States: 25
  • Observer States: 28

Positive achievements

  • Access to health care and education.
  • Efforts to eradicate poverty.
  • Plans to reduce illiteracy.
  • Efforts to provide adequate housing for all citizens.
  • Investment in welfare programmes.
  • Women’s high level of education.

Issues and questions raised

  • Repression of peaceful protests, in particular in the aftermath of the 2009 presidential election.
  • Extrajudicial and arbitrary arrests and detention.
  • Torture and ill-treatments, inter alia by the police force and in detention facilities.
  • Harassment and detention of political dissents, human rights defenders and journalists.
  • Execution of juvenile offenders.
  • Independence of the judiciary
  • Trafficking of women and girls.
  • Discrimination against women and children.
  • Freedom of expression, association and assembly.
  • Discrimination against Baha’i and other religious minorities.

Recommendations

  • Take measures to eradicate torture and other cruel and degrading treatments.
  • Prohibit executions of persons who where under 18 at the time of the offence.
  • Consider a moratorium on the death penalty with the view of abolishing it.
  • Respect the right to a fair and impartial trial for all persons under arrest.
  • Prosecute all persons involved in human rights abuses.
  • Take measures to prevent excessive use of force by the security forces.
  • Eliminate in law and in practice all forms of discrimination.
  • Ensure equal rights for men and women, in particular in the field of access to employment.
  • Guarantee freedom of expression, of the media and of assembly.
  • Uphold constitutional provisions guaranteeing freedom of worship.
  • Ratify the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women and the Convention Against Torture.

Response of the concerned country

  • Arbitrary detention and punishment – Judiciary independent from the government; safeguards the rights to a fair trial. Constitution prescribes open court hearings, innocence until proven guilty, independence of judges, etc.
  • Rights of prisoners Rights to consult a lawyer, meet family members, access to information and to education. Efforts to eradicate solitary detention.
  • Freedom of expressionCannot be used to spread hatred and violence.
  • Religious freedom – Discrimination on the basis of religious belief prohibited by the Constitution. Baha’i enjoy citizenship rights, although their religion is not officially recognized.
  • Women's rights – Large number of NGOs dedicated to women's rights. Women represented in politics and in the judiciary. Efforts to prevent forced marriages.
  • Executions – Permissible under strict standards. Large number of executions related to cases of drug trafficking.

Adoption of the report by the UPR working group scheduled on
Wednesday 17 February, 12:00 – 12:30

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