dcsimg
English Site French Site Spanish Site Russian Site Arabic Site Chinese Site OHCHR header
Make a donation to OHCHR


Human Rights Council – Universal Periodic Review

For use of information media; not an official record

Date: Monday 15 February (morning)

Country under review: IRAN, ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF

Concerned country - national report

  • Represented by a 33-person delegation and headed by the Secretary General of the High Council for Human Rights, Judiciary, H.E. Dr. Mohammad Javad Larijani
  • National report presented by H.E. Dr. Mohammad Javad Larijani

Highlights

  • Eight members of Parliament, two Vice Presidents, one Minister and several  Vice Ministers are women.
  • Reform of the judiciary underway, e.g. juvenile courts and new Penal Code.
  • Close to 70 percent of sentences in Iranian courts related to drug offences and drugs trafficking over the recent years.
  • Initiatives to generate employment.
  • Ministerial Conference of the Non-Aligned Movement on Human Rights and Cultural Diversity in Tehran, in September 2007.
  • Human rights explicitly enshrined in the Constitution.
  • Open invitation to special procedures of the Human Rights Council.

Interactive discussion

Number of States taking part in the interactive discussion

  • Member States: 25
  • Observer States: 28

Positive achievements

  • Access to health care and education.
  • Efforts to eradicate poverty.
  • Plans to reduce illiteracy.
  • Efforts to provide adequate housing for all citizens.
  • Investment in welfare programmes.
  • Women’s high level of education.

Issues and questions raised

  • Repression of peaceful protests, in particular in the aftermath of the 2009 presidential election.
  • Extrajudicial and arbitrary arrests and detention.
  • Torture and ill-treatments, inter alia by the police force and in detention facilities.
  • Harassment and detention of political dissents, human rights defenders and journalists.
  • Execution of juvenile offenders.
  • Independence of the judiciary
  • Trafficking of women and girls.
  • Discrimination against women and children.
  • Freedom of expression, association and assembly.
  • Discrimination against Baha’i and other religious minorities.

Recommendations

  • Take measures to eradicate torture and other cruel and degrading treatments.
  • Prohibit executions of persons who where under 18 at the time of the offence.
  • Consider a moratorium on the death penalty with the view of abolishing it.
  • Respect the right to a fair and impartial trial for all persons under arrest.
  • Prosecute all persons involved in human rights abuses.
  • Take measures to prevent excessive use of force by the security forces.
  • Eliminate in law and in practice all forms of discrimination.
  • Ensure equal rights for men and women, in particular in the field of access to employment.
  • Guarantee freedom of expression, of the media and of assembly.
  • Uphold constitutional provisions guaranteeing freedom of worship.
  • Ratify the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women and the Convention Against Torture.

Response of the concerned country

  • Arbitrary detention and punishment – Judiciary independent from the government; safeguards the rights to a fair trial. Constitution prescribes open court hearings, innocence until proven guilty, independence of judges, etc.
  • Rights of prisoners Rights to consult a lawyer, meet family members, access to information and to education. Efforts to eradicate solitary detention.
  • Freedom of expressionCannot be used to spread hatred and violence.
  • Religious freedom – Discrimination on the basis of religious belief prohibited by the Constitution. Baha’i enjoy citizenship rights, although their religion is not officially recognized.
  • Women's rights – Large number of NGOs dedicated to women's rights. Women represented in politics and in the judiciary. Efforts to prevent forced marriages.
  • Executions – Permissible under strict standards. Large number of executions related to cases of drug trafficking.

Adoption of the report by the UPR working group scheduled on
Wednesday 17 February, 12:00 – 12:30

More information

 

See also

UPR home

UPR Sessions

Documentation
(search by country)

UPR implementation (information provided by States)

UPR Fund for Participation

UPR Voluntary Fund for Financial and Technical Assistance

Calendar of reviews for 1st cycle
(2008 to 2011)

Calendar of reviews for the 2nd cycle
(2012 to 2016)

Background documents

Basic Facts about the UPR

NGOs and NHRIs

Contact information

Media information

Webcast

Related links

UPR Extranet

Human rights in the world

External links

UPR-info

Feature stories

Feature stories