The independent expert on human rights and international solidarity is appointed by the United Nations Human Rights Council to develop a draft declaration on the right of peoples and individuals to international solidarity.
The mandate of the independent expert on human rights and international solidarity was created in 2005 by the predecessor of the Council - United Nations Commission on Human Rights (see resolution 2005/55). In 2011, the Council extended the mandate for a further period of three years (see resolution 17/6).
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In its resolution 17/6, the Council requests the independent expert:
(a) To promote the realization of the right of peoples and individuals to international solidarity through, inter alia, the further development of guidelines, standards, norms and principles enhancing the enjoyment of this fundamental right and the adoption of measures at the regional and international levels, to promote and consolidate international assistance to developing countries in their endeavours in development and the promotion of conditions that make the full realization of all human rights possible;
(b) To seek views and contributions from Governments, United Nations agencies, other relevant international organizations and non-governmental organizations in the discharge of his or her mandate, taking into account the outcomes of all major United Nations and other global summits and ministerial meetings in the economic and social fields;
(c) To examine ways and means of overcoming existing and emerging obstacles to the realization of the right of peoples and individuals to international solidarity;
(d) To make recommendations on possible steps with a view to attaining progressively the full realization of the right of peoples and individuals to international solidarity, and suggestions to address the increasing challenges of international cooperation;
(e) To work in close cooperation with all States and intergovernmental and nongovernmental organizations, as well as with other relevant actors representing the broadest possible range of interests and experiences, within their respective mandates, to mainstream fully the effective realization of the right of peoples and individuals to international solidarity in the activities of the United Nations;
(f) To continue participating in and contributing to relevant international conferences and events with the aim of promoting the realization of the right of peoples and individuals to international solidarity;
The working methods
In addition to the above-listed tasks, the current independent expert, Ms. Virginia Dandan, has set three stages in the implementation of her mandate. The past work is to be understood as Stage One, where international solidarity had been affirmed in various ways, including as:
- a fundamental conception of mutually reinforcing relations among persons, groups and nations,
- an essential binding element that underpinned global partnerships,
- a key approach to poverty eradication,
- an indispensable component of the efforts to realize all human rights, including the right to development, and the Millennium Development Goals.
Stage Two involves the application of empirical methods in exploring and examining issues, principles, standards and norms, and in consulting with States and various stakeholders, civil society, and people at the grass-roots level. Stage Three will be devoted to consolidating and analysing the results of Stages One and Two, and to elaborating the draft declaration, culminating in its submission to the Human Rights Council in 2014.