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Human Rights of persons with disabilities

Introduction

Persons with disabilities are still often 'invisible' in society, either segregated or simply ignored as passive objects of charity. They are denied their rights to be included in the general school system, to be employed, to live independently in the community, to move freely, to vote, to participate in sport and cultural activities, to enjoy social protection, to live in an accessible built and technological environment, to access justice, to enjoy freedom to choose medical treatments and to enter freely into legal commitments such as buying and selling property.

The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities sets out international human rights standards for all persons with disabilities in the world. It views persons with disabilities as having legal rights and protects them from discrimination. It requires States, the private sector and others to take on the responsibility of respecting, protecting and fulfilling those rights. It promotes international cooperation towards development and humanitarian assistance. It requires national and international independent monitoring. The Optional Protocol to the Convention provides a means for individuals to complain when their rights are not respected.  

See the status of ratification of the Convention and its Optional Protocol

Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

The Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) is the body of independent experts which monitors implementation of the Convention by the States Parties.

All States Parties are obliged to submit regular reports to the Committee on how the rights are being implemented. The Optional Protocol to the Convention gives the Committee competence to examine individual complaints with regard to alleged violations of the Convention by States Parties to the Protocol.

Publications

Handbook for parliamentarians on the Convention on the Rights of Persons with disability

Handbook for parliamentarians on the ConventionThe Handbook was jointly prepared by the Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN-DESA), the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) and the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU).
Release date: October, 2007
English

Monitoring the Convention on the Rights of Persons with disability: Guidance for Human Rights Monitors

Guidance for HR MonitorsRelease date: April 2010
English and Russian.

 

Highlights 

OHCHR has prepared a study on the right of persons with disabilities to education. Read the study here

The Human Rights Council held its fifth interactive debate on the rights of persons with disabilities

OHCHR has prepared a study on work and employment of persons with disabilities. Read the study here

Training material on the Convention and its Optional Protocol

Read the OHCHR thematic study on violence against women and girls with disabilities (PDF)

The Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities has adopted its first views on an individual communication

The Human Rights Council adopted a resolution on 'Rights of persons with disabilities: participation in political and public life' on 22 March 2012

UNIPSIL and OHCHR have jointly produced a report on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in Sierra Leone. Read the report here

Watch the video "Forgotten Europeans", which highlights the experiences of Mikhail in Molvoda and Assen in Bulgaria who both grew up in institutional care  

Thematic focus 

Children with disabilities
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International cooperation
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National implementation mechanisms
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Legal measures
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Freedom from torture
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Inclusive education
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Progressive realization
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