14. Recommendation concerning the Status of Higher-Education Teaching Personnel (1997)
(Adopted by the General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, Paris, France, 11 November 1997)

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IV. Educational objectives and policies 

10. At all appropriate stages of their national planning in general, and of their planning for higher education in particular, Member States should take all necessary measures to ensure that:  

(a) higher education is directed to human development and to the progress of society;

(b) higher education contributes to the achievement of the goals of lifelong learning and to the development of other forms and levels of education;

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V. Institutional rights, duties and responsibilities

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B. Institutional accountability

22. In view of the substantial financial investments made, Member States and higher education institutions should ensure a proper balance between the level of autonomy enjoyed by higher education institutions and their systems of accountability. Higher education institutions should endeavour to open their governance in order to be accountable. They should be accountable for:

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(c) effective support of academic freedom and fundamental human rights;

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