3. Convention on Technical and Vocational Education (1989)
(Adopted by the General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, Paris, France, 10 November 1989)


Recalling that it is the Organization's constitutional duty to promote and develop education,


Recognizing that the development of technical and vocational education should contribute to the safeguarding of peace and friendly understanding among nations,


Adopts the present Convention this tenth day of November 1989:



1. The Contracting States agree to frame policies, to define strategies and to implement, in accordance with their needs and resources, programmes and curricula for technical and vocational education designed for young people and adults, within the framework of their respective education systems, in order to enable them to acquire the knowledge and know-how that are essential to economic and social development as well as to the personal and cultural fulfilment of the individual in society.



1. The Contracting States agree to provide and develop technical and vocational education programmes that take account of:

(a) the educational, cultural and social background of the population concerned and its vocational aspirations;

(b) the technical and professional skills, knowledge and levels of qualification needed in the various sectors of the economy, and the technological and structural changes to be expected;

(c) employment opportunities and development prospects at the national, regional and local levels;

(d) protection of the environment and the common heritage of mankind;

(e) occupational health, safety and welfare.