Categories of Good Practices

A.  Procedural Obligations - General

B.  Obligation to Make Environmental Information Public

Access to Environmental Information

Education and Awareness-Raising

Online Tools

C.  Obligation to Facilitate Public Participation in Environmental Decision-Making

D.  Obligation to Protect the Rights of Expression and Association

E.  Obligation to Provide Access to Legal Remedies

Improving Access to National Courts

National Human Rights Institutions

Regional Practices

Civil Society Monitoring Mechanisms

F.  Substantive Obligations

G.  Obligations Relating to Non-State Actors

H.  Obligations Relating to Transboundary Environmental Harm

International Cooperation

Climate Change

I.  Obligations Relating to Those in Vulnerable Situations


Indigenous Peoples

Minorities and Low-Income Populations


In this section
Issues in focus
See also

To access the official independent website of the Special Rapporteur on human rights and the environment, Mr. John Knox, please visit:

Follow the Special Rapporteur: @SREnvironment

Human Rights Council

Special Procedures