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Overview of the Mandate


HR and Environment © EPA/DIEGO AZUBEL
A heavy haze of smog hangs over China's capital as traffic runs along a major thoroughfare in Beijing, China, 25 July 2008
© EPA/DIEGO AZUBEL

Building on several other resolutions related to human rights and the environment and human rights and climate change, the Human Rights Council established the mandate for the Independent Expert on Human Rights and the Environment during its 19th session in Resolution 19/10. Mr. John Knox began working on the mandate in August 2012.

In 2015, the Human Rights Council decided to extend the mandate of the current mandate holder as a special rapporteur on the issue of human rights obligations relating to the enjoyment of a safe, clean, healthy and sustainable environment for a period of three years (resolution 28/11).

The Human Rights Council requested the Special Rapporteur, among other things, to:

  • Continue to study the human rights obligations relating to the enjoyment of a safe, clean, healthy and sustainable environment;
  • Continue to identify, promote and exchange views on good practices relating to human rights obligations and commitments to inform, support and strengthen environmental policy making, especially in the area of environmental protection;
  • Promote and report on the realization of human rights obligations relating to the enjoyment of a safe, clean, healthy and sustainable environment, and to disseminate his findings by, inter alia, continuing to give particular emphasis to practical solutions with regard to their implementation;
  • Work on identifying challenges and obstacles to the full realization of human rights obligations relating to the enjoyment of a safe, clean, healthy and sustainable environment and protection gaps thereto, including in the context of sustainable development.

In this section
Issues in focus
See also

To access the official independent website of the Special Rapporteur on human rights and the environment, Mr. John Knox, please visit: www.srenvironment.org

Follow the Special Rapporteur: @SREnvironment

Human Rights Council

Special Procedures