Mr. Christof Heyns, (South Africa)
since 1st August 2010
The mandate of the Special Rapporteur on summary or arbitrary executions was established by resolution 1982/35 of the the Economic and Social Council.
The Commission on Human Rights, in its resolution 1992/72, renewed the mandate of the Special Rapporteur and widened the title of the mandate to include "extrajudicial" as well as "summary or arbitrary" executions. This change indicates that the members of the Commission have adopted a broader approach to the mandate on executions to include all violations of the right to life as guaranteed by a large number of international human rights instruments.
The mandate of the Special Rapporteur covers all countries, irrespective of whether a State has ratified relevant international Conventions.
In carrying out his/her mandate, the Special Rapporteur:
a) Transmits urgent appeals to Governments and other actors with regard to individuals reported to be at risk of imminent extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions, as well as communications on past alleged cases of extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions (see Individual Complaints);
b) Undertakes country visits to examine the situation of extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions in the respective country, and to formulate recommendations to the Government and other actors on upholding the right to life;
c) Submits annual reports to the Human Rights Council and the General Assembly on the activities of the mandate and on the situation worldwide in regard to extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions and his recommendations for more effective action to combat this phenomenon.
For more information about the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions see: overview of the mandate.