The Project on Internal Displacement was created in 1994 to support the mandate of the then Representative of the Secretary-General on internally displaced persons (Francis M. Deng, 1992-2004). In 2005, the new Representative of the Secretary-General on the human rights of internally displaced persons, Walter Kälin, became the co-director of the Project, which continues to support the Representative’s mandate.
The IDMC, established in 1998 by the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC), is the leading international body monitoring conflict-induced internal displacement worldwide. Since 1998 IDMC has developed a Global IDP Database; a comprehensive clearinghouse of data and analysis on conflict-induced displacement worldwide.
The OCHA Inter-Agency IDP Division was established in 2004 (replacing the OCHA IDP Unit, created in 2001) and charged with promoting system-wide improvements in the United Nations’ response to the needs of internally displaced persons as well as providing targeted support to specific country situations.
Established by the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights which came into force on 21 October 1986 after its adoption in Nairobi (Kenya) in 1981 by the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the Organization of African Unity (OAU.), the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights is charged with ensuring the promotion and protection of Human and Peoples' Rights throughout the African Continent. The Commission has its headquarters in Banjul, Gambia.
The IACHR is one of two bodies in the inter-American system for the promotion and protection of human rights. The Commission has its headquarters in Washington, D.C. The other human rights body is the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, which is located in San José, Costa Rica.
UNHCR was established on December 14, 1950 by the United Nations General Assembly. The agency is mandated to lead and co-ordinate international action to protect refugees and resolve refugee problems worldwide. Its primary purpose is to safeguard the rights and well-being of refugees. It strives to ensure that everyone can exercise the right to seek asylum and find safe refuge in another State, with the option to return home voluntarily, integrate locally or to resettle in a third country.
Founded in 1949, the Council of Europe seeks to develop throughout Europe common and democratic principles based on the European Convention on Human Rights and other reference texts on the protection of individuals.
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