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Individual Complaints

The Special Rapporteur acts on information submitted to his or her attention regarding alleged violations related to the independence of judges, lawyers and prosecutors by sending allegation letter or urgent appeals to concerned Governments to bring specific cases to their attention and clarify them.

Allegation Letters

Where the information received by the Special Rapporteur is prima facie credible, the Special Rapporteur will transmit the allegation, usually by letter, to the concerned Government in order to obtain the Government's response.

The credibility of the source of the allegations will be established by the Special Rapporteur by reference to: the degree of detail presented by the alleged victim about him or herself and the event or interference alleged; corroborative sources; logic; the laws in force in the concerned State.

Urgent Appeals

In cases where the alleged violations are time-sensitive in terms of involving loss of life, life-threatening situations or either imminent or ongoing damage of a very grave nature to victims, the Special Rapporteur will send an urgent appeal to the concerned Government.

Please note, that as a general rule, both urgent appeals and letters of allegation remain confidential until published in joint communications report of Special Procedures issued at every session of the Human Rights Council.

Communication Reports to the Human Rights Council (previously to the Commission on Human Rights)


Symbol number

Title

Language

2013
23rd session May 2013
A/HRC/23/51
Communications Report of Special Procedues - Communications sent 1 December 2012 to 28 February 2013, Replies received 1 February to 30 April 2013
E/F/S only
2013
22nd session March 2013
A/HRC/22/67
A/HRC/22/67/Corr.1
A/HRC/22/67/Corr.2
Communications Report of Special Procedures - Communications sent 1 June to 30 November 2012, Replies received 1 August 2012 to 31 January 2013

E/F/S only

Corr.1-2

2012
21st session, September 2012
A/HRC/21/49
Communications Report of Special Procedures -Communications sent 16 March to 31 May 2012, Replies received 16 May to 31 July 2012
E/F/S only
2012
20th session Human Rights Council
A/HRC/20/30
Communications Report of Special Procedures - Communications sent 1 December 2011 to 15 March 2012, Replies received 1 February 2012 to 15 May 2012
E/F/S only
2012
19th session Human Rights Council
A/HRC/19/44
Communications Report of Special Procedures - Communications sent 1 June 2011 to 30 November 2011, Replies received 1 August 2011 31 January 2012
E/F/S only
2011
18th session Human Rights Council
A/HRC/18/51
Communications Report of Special Procedures - Communications sent 1 December 2010 to 31 May 2011, Replies received 1 February 2011 to 31 July 2011
E/F/S only

2011
17th session Human Rights Council
A/HRC/17/30/Add.1

Report of the Special Rapporteur on independence of judges and lawyers, Gabriela Knaul - Addendum - Summary of information, including individual cases, transmitted to Governments and replies received

E F S

2010
14th session Human Rights Council
A/HRC/14/26/Add.1

Report of the Special Rapporteur on independence of judges and lawyers, Gabriela Knaul - Addendum - Communications to and from Governments

E F S

2009
11th session Human Rights Council
A/HRC/11/41/Add.1
Report of the Special Rapporteur on the independence of judges and lawyers, Leandro Despouy - Addendum - Situations in specific countries or territories

2008
8th session Human Rights Council
A/HRC/8/4/Add.1

Report of the Special Rapporteur on the independence of judges and lawyers, Leandro Despouy - Addendum - Situations in specific countries or territories

E F S

2007
5th session Human Rights Council
A/HRC/4/25/Add.1

Report of the Special Rapporteur on the independence of judges and lawyers, Leandro Despouy - Addendum - Situations in specific countries or territories

E F S

2006
62nd session Commission
on Human Rights
E/CN.4/2006/52/Add.1

E/CN.4/2006/52/Add.1/Corr.1

Report of the Special Rapporteur on the independence of judges and lawyers, Leandro Despouy - Addendum - Situations in specific countries or territories



Report of the Special Rapporteur on the independence of judges and lawyers, Leandro Despouy - Addendum - Situations in specific countries or territories - Corrigendum

E F S

 


E
F S

2005
61st session Commission
on Human Rights
E/CN.4/2005/60/Add.1

Report of the Special Rapporteur on the independence of judges and lawyers, Leandro Despouy - Addendum - Situations in specific countries or territories

E F S

2004
60th session Commission
on Human Rights
E/CN.4/2004/60/Add.1

Report of the Special Rapporteur on the independence of judges and lawyers, Leandro Despouy - Addendum - Situations in specific countries or territories

E only

2003
59th session Commission on Human Rights
E/CN.4/2003/65/Add.1

Report of the Special Rapporteur on the independence of judges and lawyers, Dato' Param Cumaraswamy - Addendum - Situations in specific countries or territories

E F S A C R