Country visit to Moldova
A Working Group's delegation during a meeting in Chisinau, Moldova
The Working Group on the issue of discrimination against women in law and in practice visited the Republic of Moldova from 20 to 31 May 2012 at the invitation of the Government. The Working Group, represented by Kamala Chandrakirana and Eleonora Zielinska, focused its mission on Moldova’s legal framework and the implementation of key laws, as well as on women’s participation in political and public life and on the specific vulnerabilities of women facing multiple forms of discrimination. During its ten-day mission, the delegation engaged in constructive dialogues in Chisinau, Gagauzia, Balti, and Causeni with Government officials, representatives of the legislative and judicial branches, the national human rights institution, civil society organizations, religious institutions as well as grassroots women of the Roma community. The Working Group also held discussions in Tiraspol.
Although, Moldova has made significant progress since its independence in improving women human rights, the Working Group found obstacles to the enforcement of legislation which have undermined women’s access to full judicial recourse and remedies, particularly in the area of violence within the home, the community and trafficking. It is concerned about delays in issuing protective orders and in notifying the offenders of such orders; the current impossibility for police officers to issue immediate, short-term protection orders; and reports that the administrative sanctions on perpetrators breaching these orders are usually paid from the family budget or by the victim herself. The Working Group was made aware of gender bias in the way rape and other sexual offences are investigated and prosecuted.
During the 23rd session of the Human Rights Council, the Working Group issued a report on its mission to Moldova. The report outlined the legal, institutional and policy frameworks pertaining to equality and women’s human rights and efforts to implement these frameworks, as well as remaining challenges. It subsequently examined the issue of women’s participation in political and public life, and in the labour force, and systemic and multiple discrimination faced by Romani women. The report identified good practices and concludes with recommendations.