The Veps language (also known as Vepsian, natively as vepsan kel’), spoken by the Veps, belongs to the Baltic-Finnic group of the Finno-Ugric languages. In 2009 the language was included in the list of the disappearing languages of UNESCO.
According to the location of the people, the language is divided into three main dialects:
- Northern Veps (at Lake Onega to the south of Petrozavodsk, to the north of the river Svir, including the former Veps Autonomous Rural district)
- Central Veps (in the Saint Petersburg region and Vologda Oblast)
- Southern Veps (in the Saint Petersburg region).
The Northern dialect seems the most distinct of the three; however, it is still possible for speakers of one dialect group to understand those of another.