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实用信息

人权高专办在中东和北非地区的人权方案

由人权委员会/人权理事会设立的国别任务

对特别程序的长期邀请

该地区人权理事会成员国

阿尔及利亚2016年
科威特2014年
摩洛哥2016年
沙特阿拉伯2016年
阿拉伯联合酋长国2015年

自愿保证和承诺

活动日程

No events scheduled

出版物

人权高专办在中东和北非地区的人权方案(2006年至2007年)

Situation Analysis: In recent years, many Arab States have taken positive steps towards political, legal, economic, and social reform. These measures include holding multi-party legislative and municipal elections, establishing national human rights institutions, facilitating the work of NGOs, respecting the right of freedom of expression, and improving the status of women.

Despite these improvements, obstacles to the full realization of human rights remain, including: armed conflict, impunity, limits on women’s and migrant rights, limits on freedom of expression and association, a lack of protection for human rights defenders, and the imposition of emergency laws. Although a number of national institutions have been established, the continued absence of democratic structures is an obstacle to the growth and empowerment of the civil society across the region.

Almost all Arab countries are parties to the core human rights treaties and some of the optional protocols. However, reporting on how the treaties are implemented and follow-up on recommendations made by the treaty bodies remains insufficient.

Regional Priorities and Strategy: OHCHR will focus on: encouraging the ratification and implementation of human rights treaties, and reporting on how these obligations are fulfilled; reinforcing the administration of justice and the rule of law; and increasing women’s access to justice.

In an effort to close the capacity gap, the Office will help to develop and implement national human rights action plans; support human rights education, gender mainstreaming, and the empowerment of women throughout the region, and assist in the creation of national human rights institutions that conform to the Paris Principles. To bridge the commitment gap, the Office will encourage governments to engage in democratic and institutional reform in cooperation with United Nations agencies and civil society. To help close the security gap, OHCHR will monitor the human rights situation in Iraq. OHCHR Palestine will focus attention on the situation of human rights defenders, disappearances, arbitrary detention, torture, and the death penalty.

The priority thematic areas for OHCHR’s work in the Middle East and Northern Africa Region include law enforcement, emergency laws, impunity, migrants’ rights, trafficking in persons, women’s rights, the Millennium Development Goals, protecting human rights defenders, the impact of counterterrorism measures, disappearances, and the application of the death penalty.

In order to implement the strategy effectively, OHCHR plans to reinforce the Middle East Regional Office and the Palestine office, and will open a Regional Office for Northern African States in Cairo. A United Nations Regional Centre for Documentation and Training in the Middle East and Northern Africa Region and Southwest Asia will be established in Qatar.

In the Middle East and Northern Africa Region, OHCHR’s field deployment is projected as follows:

 

Maintained

Strengthened

To be established

Regional Offices Middle East (Beirut)   North Africa
Regional HR Centres     Middle East and Northern Africa Region and Southweat Asia (Qatar)
Country Offices   Palestine
(territory)
 
UN Peace Missions Iraq    

联系信息

总部

驻地行动与技术合作司
瑞士日内瓦

中东和北非科
电话:+41 22 928 9153
瑞士日内瓦

区域办事处/中心

中东
(黎巴嫩贝鲁特)
人权高专办中东区域办事处(OHCHR Middle East Regional Office)
Arab African International Bank Building
Banks Street, Downtown
P.O.Box: 11-3216
电话:+961 1 962 542
传真:+961 1 962 555
电子邮件:OHCHR-ME-Lebanon@ohchr.org

北非
(暂时设在黎巴嫩贝鲁特)
Arab African International Bank Building
Banks Street, Downtown
P.O.Box: 11-3216
电话:+961 1 962 542
传真:+961 1 962 555
电子邮件:nmouallem@ohchr.org

西南亚及阿拉伯地区中心
(卡塔尔多哈)
P.O. Box 23514, Doha – Qatar(卡塔尔多哈)
电话:+974 44932544 – 44935791
传真:+974 44935790
电子邮件:DohaCentre@ohchr.org

其他人权高专办事处

伊拉克
毛里塔尼亚
巴勒斯坦(被占领土)
沙特阿拉伯(技术合作项目)
突尼斯
也门

链接

联合国在中东和北非地区的国家工作队(英文)

其他联合国网站链接

安全理事会决议

秘书长向安理会提交的报告

外部链接

国际刑事法院(英文)

日内瓦公约(英文)

国际劳工组织公约(英文)

难民公约(英文)

注:人权高专办不对外部链接的内容负责。