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Universal Periodic Review

The Universal Periodic Review "has great potential to promote and protect human rights in the darkest corners of the world.” – Ban Ki-moon, UN Secretary-General

The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is a unique process which involves a review of the human rights records of all UN Member States. The UPR is a State-driven process, under the auspices of the Human Rights Council, which provides the opportunity for each State to declare what actions they have taken to improve the human rights situations in their countries and to fulfil their human rights obligations. As one of the main features of the Council, the UPR is designed to ensure equal treatment for every country when their human rights situations are assessed.

The UPR was created through the UN General Assembly on 15 March 2006 by resolution 60/251, which established the Human Rights Council itself. It is a cooperative process which, by October 2011, has reviewed the human rights records of all 193 UN Member States. Currently, no other universal mechanism of this kind exists. The UPR is one of the key elements of the Council which reminds States of their responsibility to fully respect and implement all human rights and fundamental freedoms. The ultimate aim of this mechanism is to improve the human rights situation in all countries and address human rights violations wherever they occur.

Latest News

Meetings and Events

Background Press Release: Human Rights Council Universal Periodic Review Working Group to hold twenty-third session in Geneva from 2 to 13 November 2015
(English and French)

Calendar of reviews for the 2nd cycle (2012-2016) 

For latest press releases related to the UPR, please click here


23rd session (2-13 November 2015) (timetable / list of troikas)

Selection of troikas for 21st, 22nd and 23rd session -- 13 January 2015 at 3 pm

24th session (18-29 January 2016)

See also

UPR home

UPR Sessions

(search by country)

UPR Mid-term reports

UPR Fund for Participation

UPR Voluntary Fund for Financial and Technical Assistance

Calendar of reviews for 1st cycle
(2008 to 2011)

Calendar of reviews for the 2nd cycle
(2012 to 2016)

Background documents

Basic Facts about the UPR

NGOs and NHRIs

Contact information

Media information


Related links

UPR Extranet

Human rights in the world

External links


Feature stories

Feature stories