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PDF version for the language 亚美尼亚语 *
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亚美尼亚语

来源: 联合国新闻部,纽约




简介


该语文母语的名称
未提供

该语文的使用者人数
6,836,000 (1993)


使用该语文的国家
Official Language: Republic of Armenia - Home Speakers: Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Syria, Iran, Lebanon and also Turkey, Iraq, Bulgaria.


背景
Armenian is the native (and official) language of Armenia, a landlocked country in Transcaucasia bordering on Turkey and Iran, and constitutes a separate and independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages. During many centuries of Persian domination a considerable number of Iranian words entered the language leading many linguists to believe that it was a dialect of Persian. Modern Armenian, established as an independent language no earlier than 1875, has two main varieties: Eastern Armenian (Ashkharik, the official language), based on the dialect of the Ararat region, and Western Armenian (spoken by the Turkish minority) based on the Istanbul/Turkish dialect. This distinction has historical reasons. "Written" and "spoken" Armenian did not develop with the same pace, as most of the population was still illiterate by the end of World War I. Differences between the two varieties include, besides a different pronunciation for certain words, different verb conjugation and tenses. As regards the script, the Armenian alphabet was invented in 405 AD by two Armenian monks Mesrob and Sahag. Hence, the first texts in Armenian available in written form were mainly religious ones (first of all the Bible), translated by monks and priests. The Armenians call their country "Hayastan" and their language "Hayaren".

译文接收日期 1998年5月25日
译文上载日期 1998年7月8日
审核日期 1998年11月12日