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Moving Forward: Its Poverty Agenda Challenges, Dilemmas and Options for Malaysia# Moving Forward Its Poverty Agenda: Challenges, Dilemmas and Options for Malaysia
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Mohd Asrul Hery Ibrahim
Rosmaini Tasmin
Abdullah Al Mamun
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ArticleMoving Forward: Its Poverty Agenda Challenges, Dilemmas and Options for Malaysia# Moving Forward Its Poverty Agenda: Challenges, Dilemmas and Options for Malaysia
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Malaysia is currently at the crossroads with respect to its poverty agenda. The way forward would require a paradigm shift in not only the manner in which poverty is conceptualised and defined but also in the way in which strategies and programmes are conceived and executed. Despite achieving commendable progress in reducing the incidence of poverty from 49.3% in 1970 to 3.6-% in 2007 there are still critical issues to grapple with and urgent problems to resolve. While rural poverty still continues to be the focus of policymakers, urban poverty also needs policy attention and prescriptions. Stubborn pockets of poverty continue to elude policy solutions and new forms of poverty are emerging in the context of a country that sees itself as a developed nation by 2020. What does Malaysia need to do in order to deal effectively with its poverty problems from a policy and programme perspective? What are the changes needed in order to ensure that poor and vulnerable groups in the society are not marginalised while Malaysia becomes a developed nation? This paper will provide insights into the strategic directions that policies and programmes need to take to resolve Malaysia poverty problems it will begin with an overview of poverty in Malaysia which will provide the contextual framework for the subsequent discussions. The second part of the paper will highlight the various changes that have taken place over time in the way in which poverty issues are dealt with. The third part of the paper will examine innovative ways in which poverty has been conceptualised and defined and its theoretical premises while the fourth part of the paper will review creative ways in which poverty has been dealt with both in the country and elsewhere and
 
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Moving Forward: Its Poverty Ag
enda Challenges, Dilemmas and
Options for Malaysia#
by
Sulochana Nair*
ABSTRACT
Malaysia is currently at the crossroads with respect to its poverty agenda. The way forward
would require a paradigm shift in not only the manner in which poverty is conceptualised and
defined but also in the way in which strategies and programmes are conceived and executed.
Despite achieving commendable progress in reducing the incidence of poverty from 49.3% in
1970 to 3.6-% in 2007 there are still critical issues to grapple with and urgent problems to
resolve. While rural poverty still continues to be the focus of policymakers, urban poverty also
needs policy attention and prescriptions. Stubborn pockets of poverty continue to elude policy
solutions and new forms of poverty are emerging in the context of a country that sees itself as a
developed nation by 2020. What does Malaysia need to do in order to deal effectively with its
poverty problems from a policy and programme perspective? What are the changes needed in
order to ensure that poor and vulnerable groups in the society are not marginalised while
Malaysia becomes a developed nation?
This paper will provide insights into the strat
egic directions that policies and programmes need
to take to resolve Malaysia poverty problem
s it will begin with an overview of poverty in
Malaysia which will provide the contextual
framework for the subsequent discussions. The
second part of the paper will highlight the various changes that have taken place over time in
the way in which poverty issues are dealt with. The third part of the paper will examine
innovative ways in which poverty has been conceptualised and defined and its theoretical
premises while the fourth part of the paper will review creative ways in which poverty has been
dealt with both in the country and elsewhere
and will conclude with some recommendations for
policy and programmes direction.
KEYWORDS
poverty reduction, policies, prog
rammes and strategic direction
#
Paper prepared for CPRC 2010 Conference, 8-10 September 2010
*
Director , Centre for Poverty and Development Studies (CPDS), University of Malaya, Kuala
Lumpur
, Malaysia
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