Within the framework of its mandate, OHCHR-Mexico monitors the human rights situation in the country, including cases of torture, enforced disappearance, previous consultation to indigenous peoples, arbitrary detention, with an emphasis on the situation of human rights defenders and journalists.
The Office had a key role promoting the National Human Rights Defenders and Journalists Protection Mechanism in 2012 and since then has been supporting its consolidation. OHCHR-Mexico has also published three reports on the situation of human rights defenders. As a part of OHCHR Mexico’s advocacy on human rights defenders, they developed one of the most successful campaigns on the matter in which they invited all public to declare themselves defenders of those who defend human rights. Up until recently, the central product of the campaign, the video “Yo me declaro” was the most watched human rights video on youtube.
Following the landmark 2011 constitutional reform on human rights, OHCHR-Mexico promotes its implementation through secondary legislation and regulations.
In collaboration with the Supreme Court of Justice, a local human rights institution and academia, OHCHR-Mexico promotes the adoption by institutions of the web-based educational tool, ReformaDH on the application and implementation of the constitutional reform.
OHCHR-Mexico has been advocating for legislative reforms at the federal and state level on issues like freedom of expression, military jurisdiction, the pre-detention form “arraigo”, right to access to information, torture, disappearances, victim’s rights, asylum seekers, states of emergency, use of force, expel of foreigners, same sex marriages, sexual and reproductive rights, amongst others, in line with the recommendations of international human rights mechanisms. In the states of Nuevo León and Coahuila it has assisted the efforts of authorities and families to achieve recognition for the victims and the search of disappeared persons.
OHCHR-Mexico is the first Office to implement the maternal mortality protocol developed by the High Commissioner. The Office has also supported the elaboration of two standardized protocols, a joint effort of authorities and NGOs, which unified the country’s methodologies to investigate and prosecute torture and disappearances.
OHCHR-Mexico promotes the elaboration and implementation of human rights indicators, based on OHCHR’s methodology, which are developed to assist the State’s institutions, at local and federal levels, to evaluate the impact of public policies on the national human rights situation, and to monitor their compliance with international human rights standards. The office has provided technical assistance and advice in the elaboration of human rights indicators on the right to a fair trial, the rights to life, liberty and security, the right to not be subjected to torture, the right to access to water, and the rights to education, health, social security, work, a healthy environment and syndical rights, amongst others. With the support of several Mexican institutions, OHCHR-Mexico, has shared best practices, knowledge and learned lessons on the development and implementation of human rights indicators with other countries.
OHCHR-Mexico has supported the development of human rights public policies at federal and local level, including participation, monitoring, evaluation and accountability mechanism. The Office has also has supported the development of trainings related to the prevention of torture and the application of the Istanbul Protocol.
Additionally, OHCHR-Mexico works closely with Special Procedures and Treaty Bodies; jointly with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and a private university, OHCHR-Mexico has developed and updates an online search tool that contains all human rights recommendations made to Mexico (more than 2.200) by international special procedures, treaty bodies, and human rights courts (http://recomendacionesdh.mx/). The search tool is an extremely agile way to search for recommendations by theme, state, government entity or right.
In collaboration with the Supreme Court of Justice of Mexico, OHCHR-Mexico has developed a search engine that includes all the international standards defined by the UN system and the Inter-American system (www.bjdh.org.mx), in Spanish.
This new legal search engine provides access to such information to all users and it is be a very useful tool for all the countries in Latin America.
OHCHR-Mexico has published over 50 books and infographics on human rights, which can be downloaded consulted online here. The work the Office carries out can also be consulted through its web page: www.hchr.org.mx, and its social networks: Facebook, OnudhMexico; Twitter: @ONUDHmexico; and YouTube: ONUDHMexico.