Voluntary Fund for Technical Cooperation in the Field of Human Rights
The Voluntary Fund for Technical Cooperation in the Field of Human Rights was established in 1987 by the Secretary General. It is funded from voluntary contributions and provides technical cooperation to countries upon Governments’ request. Programmes are implemented within the framework of the Technical Cooperation Programme, administered by the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights. A Board of Trustees (BoT) was created in 1993 to assist in fund-raising and to provide expert advice and support for the Voluntary Fund. Members are appointed by the Secretary-General for three years and are chosen for their independence and wide experience in the field of human rights and technical cooperation.
- Commission on Human Rights resolution 1987/38
- Commission on Human Rights resolution 1991/49
- ECOSOC decision 1987/147
THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES (BoT)
Based on equal representation from the five regional groups and upon recommendation by the HC, the Board Members are appointed by the SG for a maximum of two three-year terms. The Board meets twice a year. It formerly held both sessions in Geneva but since 2011, one is held in countries where OHCHR has a field presence to ensure better exposure to the realities, challenges and opportunities on the ground. Meetings outside Geneva have been held in:
- Burundi and Kenya in 2011
- Mauritania and Tunisia in 2013 and
- Mexico in 2014 and
- Cambodia and Thailand in 2015
- Ukraine 2016
- Guatemala 2016
- Lebanon and Occupied Palestinian Territory 2017
- Colombia 2018
- Santiago de Chile 2017
The annual report of the Chairperson of the Board of Trustees of the VFTC, submitted pursuant to Human Rights Council Resolution 18/18, provides an update of the Board’s activities and discussions, including status of donor contributions and extra-budgetary income/expenditures. The latest annual report, in 2018, is A/HRC/48/78.
In view of the relevance and complementarities of the VTFC and the Voluntary Fund for Financial and Technical Assistance in the implementation of the universal periodic review (hereinafter referred to as the Voluntary Fund for UPR Implementation), the Secretary-General requested the Board to also oversee the Voluntary Fund for UPR Implementation. In 2003 the Board changed its focus from a more detailed review of individual projects to advising OHCHR on policy orientation and strategy in strengthening its technical cooperation programme in the field of human rights. The Board had observed that the work of OHCHR field presences in the area of technical cooperation is of critical importance and therefore it should be the priority for support from the VFTC. This approach was presented to Member States in the annual report of the Secretary-General submitted to the Human Rights Council and it was endorsed [A/HRC/16/66]. The Board in its recent reports, has reaffirmed its continuing support to the use of the resources of the VFTC to finance Human Rights Advisers (HRA) in UN Country Teams (UNCT), human rights components of UN peace missions and OHCHR country/stand-alone offices. The Board sees this dimension of the work of the OHCHR as a very significant contribution to achieving the goals of the UN in the protection and promotion of human rights and of the realization of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Ms. Esi SUTHERLAND-ADDY (Ghana)
Ms. Lin LIM (Malaysia)
Mr. Morten KJAERUM (Denmark)
Ms. Valeriya LUTKOVSKA (Ukraine)
Ms. Carmen Rosa VILLA (Peru)
The total expenditure of the Fund at 31 December 2018 was $13,301,063. Resources were provided for technical cooperation programmes designed to build strong human rights frameworks at the national level in 40 regions, countries and territories through 28 human rights advisers/human rights mainstreaming projects (in Argentina, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Brazil, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, the Niger, Nigeria, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, the Republic of Moldova, the Russian Federation, Rwanda, Serbia, Sri Lanka, Timor-Leste, Uruguay, Zimbabwe and the South Caucasus region (Georgia)); 7 human rights components of peace missions (in Afghanistan, the Central African Republic, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Libya, Somalia and the Sudan (Darfur)); and 5 country/stand-alone offices in the Plurinational State of Bolivia, Chad, Mauritania, Mexico and the State of Palestine*.
Through the Fund, OHCHR has continued to facilitate national efforts to incorporate international human rights standards into national laws, policies and practices, with particular emphasis on the follow-up to recommendations made by international human rights mechanisms and the development of online mechanisms to facilitate such follow-up. It has also contributed to the establishment and strengthening of national structures, institutions and capacities to ensure adherence to those standards. Resident Coordinators and country teams have continued to see their human rights capacity strengthened.
* Reference to Palestine should be understood in compliance with United Nations General Assembly resolution 67/19.