On 22 June 2020, the United Nations Human Rights Council established the Independent Fact-Finding Mission on Libya by resolution
43/39 for a period of one year, to investigate violations and abuses of human rights throughout Libya by all parties since the beginning of 2016, with a view to prevent further deterioration of the human rights situation, and to ensure accountability.
On 5th October 2020, the FFM presented its oral update to the Human Rights Council (HRC) – see
Statements. The following day, the HRC adopted decision 45/113 which, along with the implementation of other HRC mandates that required postponement due to the current liquidity crisis affecting the UN Secretariat and the restrictions imposed due to COVID-19, extended the mandate of the FFM until September 2021. The FFM will therefore present its report to the HRC at the 48th session, in September 2021.
On 25 January 2021, the FFM issued its Call for Submissions, inviting individuals, groups and organizations to submit information and documentation relevant to the FFM’s mandate in relation to all acts of violence in Libya, particularly those that may constitute violations and abuses of international human rights law and violations of international humanitarian law that have been committed, in particular against civilians, including specifically against women and children. The Call, including the template, is available on the
After a delay of some 7 months due to the ongoing Regula Budget liquidity crisis, the establishment of the FFM Secretariat was finally authorised in March 2021. It is expected that the team will begin their work in mid-April 2021, and deploy to Tunis in early May 2021, subject to COVID-19 restrictions.
The Independent Fact-Finding Mission on Libya was established by the Human Rights Council through resolution 43/39 of 22 June 2020, which requested the High Commissioner for Human Rights to “immediately establish and dispatch a fact-finding mission to Libya, and to designate experts to implement, in an independent and impartial manner, for a period of one year, the following mandate:
(a) to establish the facts and circumstances of the situation of human rights throughout Libya, and to collect and review relevant information, to document alleged violations and abuses of international human rights law and international humanitarian law by all parties in Libya since the beginning of 2016, including any gendered dimensions of such violations and abuses, and to preserve evidence with a view to ensuring that perpetrators of violations or abuses of international human rights law and international humanitarian law are held accountable;
(b) to work in cooperation with the Libyan authorities, the League of Arab States, the African Union and the United Nations Support Mission in Libya.”
The Human Rights Council resolution requests the fact-finding mission to present an oral update on its work and findings to the Human Rights Council at its 45th session (September 2020) during an interactive dialogue, with the participation of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Libya, and to present to the Council, during an interactive dialogue at its 46th session (March 2021), a comprehensive written report on the situation of human rights in Libya, including on efforts to prevent and ensure accountability for violations and abuses of human rights and recommendations for follow-up.
Report of the Independent Fact-Finding Mission on Libya – 1 October 2021 (
UNOSAT satellite imagery-based analysis of disturbed earth near Tarhuna, in Marqub District, Tripolitania Region, Libya on behalf of the Independent Fact-Finding Mission on Libya15 September 2021
Libya: Evidence crimes against humanity and war crimes committed since 2016, UN report finds4 October 2021العربية |
UN Fact-Finding Mission on Libya concludes first visit to Libya27 August 2021العربية |
Libya: Bachelet appoints Independent Fact-Finding Mission experts19 August 2020English
Opening Remarks at the press conference given by members of the Fact-Finding Mission on Libya English04 October 2021
Statement of Mr Mohamed Auajjar, Chair of the Independent Fact-Finding Mission on Libya, at the 45th Human Rights Council sessionEnglish05 October 2020
Independent Fact-Finding Mission on LibyaEmail: firstname.lastname@example.org
International Commission of Jurists Q&A on the FFM Libya (EN/AR)
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