Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in Somalia


A Tanzania national, Mr. Bahame Tom MUKIRYA NYANDUGA was appointed the Independent Expert on the situation of Human Rights in Somalia by the United Nations Human Rights Council in May 2014. Since then, he has conducted five country visits to Somalia, namely in December 2014, May 2015, April 2016, May 2017 and from 25 April to 4 May 2018.  Mr Nyanduga has worked in the field of human rights at the national, regional and international level. Prior to his appointment, he held several positions, including that of Commissioner at the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, from 2003 to 2009, where he was also the acting chairperson from May to November 2009. Between 2005 and 2009, he served as the Special rapporteur on refugees, asylum seekers, Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and migrants in Africa under the African Commission. He was Chairperson of the Tanzania Commission for Human Rights and Good Governance (the country’s National Human Rights Institution) between January 2015 and January 2018. Mr. Nyanduga has been an advocate of the High Court of Tanzania since 1994. He was defence Counsel before the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) between 2011 and 2012, and also litigated at the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights in 2013-2014. In June 2018 he was appointed to the Coordination Committee of Special Procedures Mandate holders at their annual meeting. Mr. Nyanduga holds an LL.B (Hons) from the University of Dar Es Salaam in Tanzania, a Postgraduate Diploma in International Relations from the Centre for Foreign Relations, Dar Es Salaam, a postgraduate diploma in Peaceful Settlement Of International Disputes from the International Law, from the Institute of Social Studies, The Hague, The Netherlands, (1980), and an LL. M in International Economic and Business Law from the London School of Economics (LSE) and the University of London in the United Kindgom. He has lectured part-time at the University of Pretoria Centre for Human Rights, in South Africa and at the University of Leuven, in Belgium.

Mandate by the Human Rights Council

Human Rights Council resolution 39/23 adopted on 28 September 2018 extended the mandate of the Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in Somalia for a period of one year to assess, monitor and report on the situation of human rights in Somalia with a view to making recommendations on technical assistance and capacity-building in the field of human rights. It requested the Independent Expert to continue to working closely with the Federal Government at the national and subnational levels, with all United Nations bodies, including the United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia, with the African Union, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development and other relevant international organizations, civil society and all relevant human rights mechanisms, and to assist Somalia in the implementation of:

(a) Its national and international human rights obligations;
(b) Human Rights Council resolutions and other human rights instruments, including associated routine reporting;
(c) Recommendations accepted in the context of the universal periodic review;
(d) Other human rights commitments, policies and legislation to promote the empowerment of women, young people and marginalized groups, freedom of expression and assembly, the protection of the media, access to justice for women, and increasing the capacity of ministries and institutions responsible for the administration of justice and the protection of human rights.

Human Rights Council resolution 39/23 also requests the Independent Expert to report to the Human Rights Council at its forty-second session and to the General Assembly at its seventy-fourth session. Mr. Nyanduga has previously reported to the Human Rights Council, since September 2014.

Contact us

Independent Expert on the situation of Human Rights in Somalia
c/o Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights
United Nations at Geneva
8-14 avenue de la Paix
CH-1211 Geneva 10
Fax: (+41) 22 917 90 06

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More press releases and statements


Statement to the Third Committee, New York, 24 October 2018

Human Rights Council - Interactive Dialogue with the Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Somalia

Independent Expert

(Tanzania), since June 2014

Previous Independent Experts

Mr. Shamsul BARI
(Bangladesh), 2008-2014

(Kuwait), 2001-2008

(Palestine), 1996-2000

Mr. Mohamed CHARFI
(Tunisia), 1995-1996

Mr. Fanuel Jariretundu KOZONGUIZI