Impact of the work of Special Procedures: Contribution to governmental and/or judicial processes


Court in El Salvador finds non-recognition of internal displacement caused by criminal groups violates the rights of displaced persons

In July 2018, the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court of Justice of El Salvador concluded in a case filed by an internally displaced family of 33 persons that El Salvador has not formally recognized current internal displacement in the country perpetrated by criminal groups and their inaction has violated the rights of these citizens. It continued that the national authorities should acknowledge this situation as well as take concrete measure to prevent further displacement and protect those already displaced, among others, within six months. In rendering its decision, the Court took into account, among other things, the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement and the report of the Special Rapporteur on the human rights of internally displaced persons on the country visit to El Salvador from 14 to 18 August 2017 (A/HRC/38/39/Add.1).

Other Impact: Mechanisms of Redress – Accountability, Victim Support, and Access to Reparation Mechanisms


Nigerian court finds evicting 30,000 people without alternative accommodation is undignifying and inhuman

In November 2016, the Special Rapporteur on the right to adequate housing issued a communication to the Government of Nigeria (NGA 4/2016) and a press release raising serious concerns about the eviction of people belonging to the Otodo Gbame fishing community in the waterfront of Lagos, Nigeria. Thereafter, on 26 January 2017, the High Court of the State of Lagos in Nigeria issued an exceptional ruling addressing the protection of over 30,000 people belonging to the Otodo Gbame fishing community in the waterfront of Lagos who had been evicted and rendered homeless in which Hon. Justice S.A Onigbanjo ruled that eviction without alternative accommodation is "totally undignifying and certainly inhuman, cruel and degrading".

Other Impact: Mechanisms of Redress – Accountability, Victim Support, and Access to Reparation Mechanisms and Prevention and/or Cessation of Human Rights Violations