Universal Periodic Review


The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is a unique process which involves a review of the human rights records of all UN Member States. The UPR is a State-driven process, under the auspices of the Human Rights Council, which provides the opportunity for each State to declare what actions they have taken to improve the human rights situations in their countries and to fulfil their human rights obligations. 

As one of the main features of the Council, the UPR is designed to ensure equal treatment for every country when their human rights situations are assessed. The ultimate aim of this mechanism is to improve the human rights situation in all countries and address human rights violations wherever they occur. Currently, no other universal mechanism of this kind exists.

Latest news

Latest press releases related to the UPR

Workshop on strengthening the role of parliamentarians from OIF Member States in the UPR process (Palais des Nations, Geneva, 25-26 October 2021)

UPR Practical Guidance
In launching the Call to Action for Human Rights, on 24 February 2020, at the opening of the 43th session of the Human Rights Council, the UN Secretary-General stated that “new practical guidance to every UN country leader around the world to strengthen our platforms of cooperation to address human rights challenges utilizing the power and potential of the Universal Periodic Review” would soon be issued.  A UPR Practical Guidance, [العربية | 中文 | English | Français | Русский | Español] prepared by OHCHR, in consultation with the entire UN system, was finalised on 18 August 2020 and aims at providing advice on how UN entities at country level can engage in the UPR process to support progress by Member States on human rights and the SDGs, as well as on the prevention and sustaining peace agendas.

UPR - Tips for engagement at country level for NHRIs and NGOs

UPR - UPR Tips for Members of Parliament
(Français | Español)

Background information available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish 

Informal briefing for delegations:

Some UPR Good practices (videos):


Emerging UPR Good practices (Study)

Padua UPR Model:

Joint letter University of Padua, the UPR Branch and UPR Info

Model UPR Handbook

Launching the Model UPR Handbook

Meetings and events

UPR Webcast

HRC 48
Item 6 UPR adoptions (30 September – 1 October 2021)
40th session
24 January 2022 - 04 February 2022 / Timetable / List of Troikas
41st session
07 November 2022 - 18 November 2022 / List of Troikas


Third UPR cycle

3rd cycle

The third UPR cycle started on 1 May 2017.

See relevant third cycle documents, including:

  • the calendar of reviews;
  • country-related reports;
  • letters by the High Commissioner for Human Rights to Foreign Ministers; and
  • webcast videos.

UPR infographics

UPR Timeline
UPR Pre-session documentation
UPR Review Process
UPR Timeline
UPR Review Process
UPR Pre- and Post-Review Session Documentation

Contact information

Further information may be sought at the following address:

For States:

For Stakeholders:

For UPR Secretariat: