The OHCHR Accountability and Remedy Project (ARP) began in 2014 with the aim of delivering credible and workable recommendations for enhancing accountability and access to remedy in cases of business-related human rights abuse. During the first six years of the project, three substantive phases were completed, with each phase resulting in recommendations for enhancing the effectiveness of one of the three categories of grievance mechanisms referred to in the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (UNGPs):
Each ARP phase was requested by the Human Rights Council, and each ARP report was presented to, and noted with appreciation by, the Council (see resolutions 26/22, 32/10,
38/13 & 44/15).
Following up on the six years of substantive, evidence-based work into how different grievance mechanisms can be made more effective, OHCHR began work on a fourth phase of the project in 2020
to enhance the accessibility, dissemination and implementation of ARP findings (ARP IV).
ARP IV planning is ongoing, and an overview of anticipated activities will be published when it becomes available. Activities will likely include:
- Converting ARP materials into more user-friendly, non-expert formats that are available in multiple languages;
- Creating interpretive and/or operational guides;
- Developing ARP training materials for different types of stakeholders;
- Partnering with civil society organizations, business organizations, bar associations, academic networks, and others to better implement ARP findings;
- Promoting ARP work in relevant events and meetings; and
- Integrating ARP findings into relevant standard-setting initiatives.
ARP IV will be an inclusive, collaborative project, and the ARP IV team is constantly looking for new ideas and partnerships for better promoting ARP findings. Please contact
email@example.com if you would like to share any ideas or information, become involved in the ARP IV work, or ask any question.
Other Relevant Documents
Human Rights Council Mandates
Events, Meetings, Etc.
This section includes certain events and other types of meetings in which OHCHR took part, and which can be made public. OHCHR is actively seeking to participate in events related to accountability and access to remedy for business-related human rights abuse. If you would like to notify the ARP team of, or invite us to, relevant events, or propose organizing an event with us, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
2020 Regional Forum on Business and Human Rights in Eastern Europe and Central Asia ARP Presentation, November 2020
2020 Annual Forum on Business and Human Rights Session, 17 November 2020
2020 Regional Forum on Business and Human Rights for Latin America and the Caribbean ARP III Presentation, September 2020
ARP III Report Launch Event, 8 July 2020
UN Global Compact Local Networks Webinar on ARP III, 2 July 2020
2020 Global Forum on Responsible Business Conduct Sessions, 17 June 2020
2020 UN Global Compact Leaders Summit Parallel Session on ARP III, 16 June 2020
Background on the Accountability and Remedy Project
The Accountability and Remedy Project aims to strengthen implementation of the “Access to Remedy” pillar of the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights. Since its launch in 2014, this multi-year project has examined access to remedy challenges at the national level and the actions (legal, policy-related, and practical) likely to be most effective at addressing them. To ensure that our findings are globally relevant and implementable, information is collected from as many jurisdictions as possible, drawn from all UN regional groupings, and reflecting a wide range of legal structures, systems and traditions. Contributions are encouraged from as many stakeholders as possible in order to build a thorough understanding of the needs and perspectives of users of grievance mechanisms in a range of contexts.
OHCHR has completed three phases of the project, each focusing on a different category of grievance mechanism. OHCHR’s findings in relation to judicial mechanisms can be found in the 2016 report and explanatory addendum presented to the Human Rights Council. Its findings on the use of State-based non-judicial mechanisms are set out in its 2018 report and that report’s explanatory addendum. The findings of the third phase of the project on non-State-based grievance mechanisms are set out in the 2020 report and its explanatory addendum.
In 2020, OHCHR launched a
fourth phase of the project (ARP IV) to enhance the accessibility, dissemination and implementation of the findings from the first three phases of the project.