Report on the care and recovery of child victims

31 July 2015
Special Rapporteur on the sale and sexual exploitation of children
To the GA at its 70th session, October 2015


During the 70th session of the General Assembly in October 2015, the Special Rapporteur on the sale and sexual exploitation of children presented a thematic report on the establishment of comprehensive, rights-based and child-centred care, recovery and reintegration programmes. The Special Rapporteur’s statement and a summary of an interactive dialogue with Member States are available through the relevant links.


The key recommendations from the report are as follows:

Adopt and implement clear and comprehensive legislation that criminalizes the sexual exploitation and related sale and trafficking of children, recognizes their legal status as victims to access rights and services for their care, recovery and reintegration, and ensures child-friendly judicial proceedings and remedies, including compensation.

Establish comprehensive, rights-based and child-centred care, recovery and reintegration programmes, with a gender perspective, through a full range of laws, policies and services that will:

  • Enable rapid identification of victims and coordinated referral mechanisms;
  • Provide specialized training to personnel involved in the identification process;
  • Provide for awareness-raising and outreach to victims and children in vulnerable situations;
  • Establish centralized databases for case management to ensure that child victims are identified, linked to services and followed up on a long-term basis;
  • Ensure that child victims have access to safe and secure housing, medical and psychological care, legal assistance, education, vocational training, life skills and socioeconomic support, sports and leisure activities, religion and cultural practices by means of an individualized plan that is adapted to the child’s needs, as part of his or her life project;
  • Empower child victims through child-sensitive procedures and accessible avenues for participation that foster a sense of agency in their care, recovery and reintegration programme, keep them informed and allow them to be consulted on decisions affecting them;
  • Whenever possible, involve the family in the care, recovery and reintegration process;
  • Allocate consistent funding and adequate resources to provide continuous, comprehensive, high-quality assistance and ensure the sustainability of support services to child victims in the short, medium and long term;
  • Promote partnerships and cooperation in the development of programmes, including awareness-raising and education programmes targeted at families, communities and society at large, to change negative attitudes and address stigma and discrimination against child victims, with the involvement of civil society, the private sector, academic institutions and children.

Provide, through the United Nations and other stakeholders, technical assistance andsupport to States for the elaboration and implementation of comprehensive, rights-based and child-centred care, recoveryand reintegration programmes, as part of effective national child protection systems.

Inputs received

For the preparation of the report, the Special Rapporteur sent out a questionnaire to Member States, civil society, international and regional organizations, and an expert body. The following inputs were received:

Member States

NGOs and Civil Society Organizations

International and regional organizations