6. Document of the Moscow Meeting of the Conference on the Human Dimension of the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe (1991)
(Adopted by the representatives of the participating States of the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe (CSCE), 3 October 1991)


(20) For the promotion of the independence of the judiciary, the participating States will

(20.1) –recognize the important function national and international association of judges and lawyers can perform in strengthening respect for the independence of their members and in providing education and training on the role of the judiciary and the legal profession in society;


(20.4) –co-operate on an ongoing basis in such areas as the education and training of judges and legal practitioners [...].


(27) The participating States

(27.1) – express their intention to co-operate in the field of constitutional, administrative, commercial, civil and social welfare laws and their relevant areas, in order to develop, particularly in States where they do not yet exist, legal systems based on respect for human rights, the rule of law and democracy;

(27.2) –to this end, envisage the continuation and enhancement of bilateral and multilateral legal and administrative co-operation, inter alia, in the following fields:


– training of administrative and legal staff;


(42) The participating States

(42.1) –affirm that human rights education is fundamental and that it is therefore essential that their citizens are educated on human rights and fundamental freedoms and the commitment to respect such rights and freedoms in domestic legislation and international instruments to which they may be parties;

(42.2) –recognize that effective human rights education contributes to combating intolerance, religious, racial and ethnic prejudice and hatred, including against Roma, xenophobia and anti-semitism;

(42.3) –will encourage their competent authorities responsible for education programmes to design effective human rights related curricula and courses for students at all levels, particularly students of law, administration and social sciences as well as those attending military, police and public service schools;

(42.4) –will make information on all CSCE human dimension provisions available to their educators;

(42.5) –will encourage organizations and educational establishments to co-operate in drawing up and exchanging human rights programmes at the national as well as the international level;

(42.6) –will seek to ensure that activities undertaken with a view to promoting human rights education in a broader sense take into account experience, programmes and forms of co-operation within existing international governmental bodies, such as the United Nations and the Council of Europe.