In Resolution 28/11, the Human Rights Council requested the Special Rapporteur to continue to study human rights obligations relating to the environment and to identify good practices in the use of such obligations, but also to “promote and report on the realization of human rights obligations relating to the enjoyment of a safe, clean, healthy and sustainable environment,” to disseminate his findings by “continuing to give particular emphasis to practical solutions with regard to their implementation,” and to “work on identifying challenges and obstacles to the full realization” of such obligations.
To fulfill Resolution 28/11, the Special Rapporteur, with the support of OHCHR and the United Nations Environment Programme, organized an expert seminar on 26 and 27 October 2015 (concept note). He also held a public consultation on 28 October 2015 (concept note). In addition, in response to questionnaires sent on 7 October 2015, the Special Rapporteur received more than 40 written submissions. In all of these forums, he received valuable input from representatives of governments, civil society organizations, international organizations, and academics.
In this report, the Special Rapporteur describes possible methods of implementing human rights obligations relating to the enjoyment of a healthy environment. The methods listed are not exhaustive, but they give a wide range of possible approaches, including: (a) better dissemination of information about the human rights norms relating to the environment; (b) capacity-building; (c) protection of the rights of those who are most vulnerable; and (d) strengthening cooperation between different actors.
The report is addressed to the entire range of actors that could implement human rights norms in relation to the environment. Proposals are organized in categories corresponding to the actors that would carry them out, including: (a) the Human Rights Council and other intergovernmental organizations; (b) regional human rights bodies and other regional organizations; (c) national governments; (d) non-State actors, including civil society organizations; and (e) the Special Rapporteur himself.
The implementation report (A/HRC/31/53) is available in all UN languages: E F S A C R
A one-page summary of the report is available in English.