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Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression

Mr David Kaye has been appointed UN Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression in August 2014In 1993, the United Nations Commission on Human Rights established the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression.  

After replacing the Commission on Human Rights, the Human Rights Council decided to extend the mandate for another three years in its resolution 7/36 of March 2008. The mandate was renewed again for additional three years in March 2011 (HRC resolution 16/4), and March 2014 (resolution 25/2). 

On 21 March 2017, the Human Rights Council extended the mandate of the Special Rapporteur for a further period of three years (resolution 34/18).  

David Kaye has been appointed UN Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression in August 2014.

Mandate

The Special Rapporteur is mandated by HRC resolution 7/36: 

(a) To gather all relevant information, wherever it may occur, relating to violations of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, discrimination against, threats or use of violence, harassment, persecution or intimidation directed at persons seeking to exercise or to promote the exercise of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, including, as a matter of high priority, against journalists or other professionals in the field of information;

(b) To seek, receive and respond to credible and reliable information from Governments, non-governmental organizations and any other parties who have knowledge of these cases;

(c) To make recommendations and provide suggestions on ways and means to better promote and protect the right to freedom of opinion and expression in all its manifestations; and

(d) To contribute to the provision of technical assistance or advisory services by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to better promote and protect the right to freedom of opinion and expression.

Working methods

In the discharge of his mandate the Special Rapporteur:

a) Transmits urgent appeals and letters of allegation to Member States on alleged violations of the right to freedom of opinion and expression. The Special Rapporteur summarises these communications as well as replies received from Governments in an annual report submitted to the Human Rights Council (See Individual Complaints).

b) Undertakes fact-finding country visits.

c) Submits annual reports covering activities relating to the mandate to the Human Rights Council and to the General Assembly (starting in 2010 for the latter).

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Announcements

Call for submissions to 2019 GA Report: The surveillance industry and human rights

20 November 2018 - Joint letter to the United Nations Secretary-General calling for an international investigation of the murder of Jamal Khashoggi

Recent thematic reports

2018 Report to the General Assembly on AI and its impact on human rights

2017 HRC Report : The role of digital access providers

June 2018: Research paper on Encryption and Anonymity- updating the Special Rapporteur’s 2015 report to the Human Rights Council

2018 thematic report to the Human Rights Council on content regulation

Joint declaration on media independence and diversity in the digital age
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Recent country reports

Ecuador (5-11 October 2018)- Statement- Preliminary Observations

Liberia (5-9 March 2018) –

Special Rapporteur

Mr. David Kaye
(United States of America)
since August 2014

Previous Special Rapporteurs

Mr. Frank William La Rue
(Guatemala), 
from August 2008 to July 2014

Mr. Ambeyi Ligabo
(Kenya),
from August 2002 to July 2008

Mr. Abid Hussain
(India),
from 1993 to July 2002

Contact us

Mr. David Kaye
Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression
Palais des Nations
CH-1211 Geneva 10
Switzerland
Fax: +41 22 917 9006
Email: freedex@ohchr.org