Report on safeguarding freedom of religion or belief for the successful implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

16 October 2020
Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Religion or Belief
To the 75th Session of General Assembly on 20 October 2020


The report highlights the importance of safeguarding the right to freedom of religion or belief for all for the successful implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. It focuses on religious or belief minorities as a target group who are at risk of ‘being left behind’, and who have received less attention from policymakers in the field of sustainable development. The Special Rapporteur outlines legal, institutional and policies challenges with regard to the enjoyment of freedom of religion or belief by members of minorities around the world; outlines patterns of discrimination and violence; and highlights the interconnectedness of SDG16 on just, peaceful and inclusive societies with other 2030 Agenda goals and targets. To assist States in monitoring of and reporting on inequalities and discrimination and their root causes, the Special Rapporteur encourages States to consider additional draft indicators, with the purpose of discerning progress in protecting the right to freedom or religion or belief and effectively addressing discrimination and violence based on religion or belief. He calls on States to adapt the indicator framework to their own country situations to identify protection gaps and formulate measurable and timebound steps to close such gaps.

Additional information

Submissions received


National Human Rights Institutions

Civil Society