Gender-responsive climate action

Climate change affects women, men, boys and girls in different ways. Entrenched and systemic discrimination can lead to gender-differentiated impacts of climate change with respect to health, food security, livelihoods and human mobility, among other things. Intersectional forms of discrimination can further increase the vulnerability of some women and girls to climate change while the exclusion of women and girls from climate action inhibits its effectiveness and further exacerbates climate harms. The meaningful, informed and effective participation of women and girls with diverse backgrounds in relevant decision-making processes lies at the heart of a rights-based, gender responsive approach to climate action. This inclusive approach is not only a legal, ethical and moral obligation; it will also contribute to climate action that is more effective.

Human Rights Council resolution 38/4 (A/HRC/RES/38/4) requested the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights “to conduct, from within existing resources, an analytical study on the integration of a gender-responsive approach into climate action at the local, national, regional and international levels for the full and effective enjoyment of the rights of women…” and to prepare a panel discussion at the 41st session of the Human Rights Council on the same.

To inform this research, OHCHR transmitted a Note Verbale [English] [French] and Questionnaire [English] [French] to Member States requesting their inputs. Other relevant stakeholders including NGOs, UN Agencies, IGOs, Academic Institutions and NHRIS were invited to respond to the questionnaire and provide inputs. The inputs received are available below.

These inputs and stakeholder consultations informed OHCHR’s Analytical study on gender-responsive climate action for the full and effective enjoyment of women’s rights.

Member States

National Human Rights Institutions

United Nations

Civil Society Organizations

Experts