Human rights, climate change and migration
The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) highlights the obligations and responsibilities of States and other duty-bearers to address the human mobility challenges created by climate change. States must ensure that any measure or legislation that governs or affects migration is consistent with their human rights law obligations and does not adversely affect the full enjoyment of the human rights of migrants.
Policies and negotiations relating to climate change and migration, including the Global Compact on Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration and work within the Task Force on Displacement of the Warsaw International Mechanism on Loss and Damage under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, should comply with the human rights obligations outlined in OHCHR's Key Messages on Human Rights, Climate Change and Migration.
Activities, events and reports
As part of OHCHR's work on climate change and migration, the following activities have been conducted. Read about them in more detail below.
High Commissioner's report on human rights, migration and climate change
Resolution 35/20 requested that the Office undertake research and prepare a report on human rights protection gaps in the context of migration and displacement of persons across international borders resulting from the sudden-onset and slow-onset adverse effects of climate change. To inform this research, OHCHR requested input from all Member States and other relevant stakeholders including NGOs, UN Agencies, IGOs, Academic Institutions and NHRIs. Read the report here.
OHCHR expert meeting and study on the slow-onset effects of climate change and human rights protection for cross-border migrants
Throughout the course of 2017, OHCHR, in collaboration with the Platform on Disaster Displacement, researched and prepared a report on the slow-onset effects of climate change and human rights protection for cross-border migrants. The report was discussed at the expert meeting and the final report was submitted as a conference room paper to the Human Rights Council in March 2018.
Panel discussion on human rights, climate change, migrants and persons displaced across international borders
In resolution 35/20, the Human Rights Council requested the Office "to organize an intersessional panel discussion prior to the commencement of phase II of the intergovernmental process leading to the global compact on safe, orderly and regular migration, with the theme 'Human rights, climate change, migrants and persons displaced across international borders'. This panel discussion took place on 6 October 2017 with the participation of States, OHCHR and other relevant stakeholders.
Statements by panellists
Inputs received for the High Commissioner's report on human rights, migration and climate change
National Human Rights Institutions