Human Rights Council resolution 42/20 requests the Special Rapporteur:

(a) To examine ways and means of overcoming existing obstacles to the full and effective protection of the rights of indigenous peoples, in conformity with his/her mandate, and to identify, exchange and promote best practices;

(b) To gather, request, receive and exchange information and communications from all relevant sources, including Governments, indigenous peoples and their communities and organizations, on alleged violations of the rights of indigenous peoples;

(c) To formulate recommendations and proposals on appropriate measures and activities to prevent and remedy violations of the rights of indigenous peoples

(d) To work in close cooperation and coordination with other special procedures and subsidiary organs of the Council, in particular with the Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, relevant United Nations bodies, the treaty bodies, and regional human rights organizations;

In carrying out these different activities, the Special Rapporteur is also requested to work "in close cooperation with the Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues and to participate in its annual session;" to “develop a regular cooperative dialogue with all relevant actors;" to pay a "special attention to the situation of indigenous children and women;" to consider "relevant recommendations of the world conferences and treaty bodies on matters regarding his/her mandate;" and to “submit a report on the implementation of his/her mandate to the Council in accordance with its annual programme of work.”

In addition, the resolution establishing the Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples of the Human Rights Council requests the Special Rapporteur to attend and to contribute to its annual meeting.