Migration and Human Rights

Afghan migrants protest conditions in hospitality centre in Malakasa, Greece 08 June 2016. © EPA/YANNIS KOLESIDIS

An estimated 258 million people, approximately 3 per cent of the world’s population, currently live outside their country of origin, many of whose migration is characterised by varying degrees of compulsion. Notwithstanding that many migrant choose to leave their countries of origin each year, an increasing number of migrants are forced to leave their homes for a complex combination of reasons, including poverty, lack of access to healthcare, education, water, food, housing, and the consequences of environmental degradation and climate change, as well as the more ‘traditional’ drivers of forced displacement such as persecution and conflict.

While migration is a positive and empowering experience for many, it is increasingly clear that a lack of human rights-based migration governance at the global, regional and national levels is leading to the routine violation of migrants’ rights in transit, at international borders, and in the countries they migrate to.

While migrants are not inherently vulnerable, they can be vulnerable to human rights violations. Migrants in an irregular situation tend to be disproportionately vulnerable to discrimination, exploitation and marginalization, often living and working in the shadows, afraid to complain, and denied their human rights and fundamental freedoms.

Human rights violations against migrants can include a denial of civil and political rights such as arbitrary detention, torture, or a lack of due process, as well as economic, social and cultural rights such as the rights to health, housing or education. The denial of migrants’ rights is often closely linked to discriminatory laws and to deep-seated attitudes of prejudice or xenophobia.

In this context, OHCHR works to promote, protect and fulfill the human rights of all migrants, regardless of their status, with a particular focus on those women, men and children who are most marginalized and at risk of human rights violations. OHCHR promotes a human rights-based approach to migration, which places the migrant at the center of migration policies and governance, and seeks to ensure that migrants are included in all relevant national action plans and strategies, such as plans on the provision of public housing or national strategies to combat racism and xenophobia.

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More press releases and statements

Highlights

Human rights and migration: myths, realities and the opportunities of the Global Compact for Migration, Press Conference by Mr Craig Mokhiber, (Director of New York Office, OHCHR) and Ms. Pia Oberoi (Advisor on Migration and Human Rights, OHCHR) at the Migration Conference (Marrakech, Morocco, 10-11 December 2018)

GMG Principles and Guidelines, supported by practical guidance, on the human rights protection of migrants in vulnerable situation

Open letter from the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on protecting and promoting the human rights of all migrants

OHCHR Key Messages for the Global Compact for Migration

OHCHR Report to the Human Rights Council on the compendium of principles, good practices and policies on safe, orderly and regular migration in line with international human rights law

Statement on "The duties of States towards refugees and migrants under the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights" Advance Unedited Version

Publications

  Desperate and Dangerous:UNSMIL / OHCHR Report on the human rights situation of migrants and refugees in Libya - 18 December 2018
Infographics accompanying Desperate and Dangerous:UNSMIL / OHCHR Report on the human rights situation of migrants and refugees in Libya -
18 December 2018

Study: The Slow onset effects of climate change and human rights protection for cross-border migrants

Study: The Slow onset effects of climate change and human rights protection for cross-border migrants
English
Spanish
PRINT | WEB

GMG Principles and Guidelines, supported by  practical guidance, on the human rights protection of migrants in vulnerable  situation

Migrants in vulnerable situations
Arabic | English

OHCHR Study on the situation of migrants in transit

Migrants in transit
English | French | Spanish

Human rights at international borders

Human rights at international borders
Arabic | English | French | Spanish

The economic, social and cultural rights of irregular migrants

The economic, social and cultural rights of irregular migrants



More reports and publications