Thematic reports submitted to the Human Rights Council

The Special Rapporteur submits annual thematic reports to the June session of the Human Rights Council (formerly Commission on Human Rights). Thematic reports document the Special Rapporteur’s findings on particular topics and provide guidance and recommendations for UN member States, civil society organizations and other stakeholders. 

Year

Link/ Topic

Summary

2018

A/HRC/38/52
Racial discrimination in the context of in the context of laws, policies and practices concerning citizenship, nationality and immigration

Additional recommendations

The report addresses the issue of racial discrimination in the context of laws, policies and practices concerning citizenship, nationality and immigration. It identifies and reviews contemporary racist and xenophobic ideologies, and institutionalized laws, policies and practices, which together have a racially discriminatory effect on individuals’ and groups’ access to citizenship, nationality and immigration status. It shows how both are prohibited under international human rights law and recommends concrete actions States must take to fulfil their obligations to achieve substantive racial equality. It highlights the impact of ethno-nationalism, and draws attention to how ethno-nationalists and other groups manipulate national anxieties about national security and economic prosperity to achieve and advance racist and xenophobic policies against indigenous peoples, non-nationals and other minority groups.

2017

A/HRC/35/41
Overview of the thematic work of the mandate
Combatting racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance in a counter-terrorism context 

The report provides and overview of the thematic work undertaken by the mandate since its creation.
Furthermore, the Special Rapporteur analyses the challenges of combating racism, xenophobia and discrimination in the current context of countering terrorism. He discusses how hate crimes, xenophobia against migrants and the security measures taken by some Governments in the context of countering terrorism may contribute to fuelling racism, xenophobia and discrimination against certain persons or groups owing to their ethnic origin, religion or migration status. He also analyses key legal and policy measures taken at national, regional and international levels to counter racism, xenophobia and other forms of discrimination in the context of countering terrorism and highlights examples of good practices aimed at eliminating racism, xenophobia and discrimination in the context of countering terrorism. 

2016

A/HRC/32/50
Xenophobia: Its conceptualization, trends and manifestations 

 

In light of the migration crisis, the report focuses on the phenomenon of xenophobia, its conceptualization, trends and manifestations. The Special Rapporteur proposes that xenophobia can be said to exist when individuals are denied equal rights on account of the real or perceived geographic origins of the said individuals or groups, or the values, beliefs and/or practices associated with such individuals or groups that make them appear as foreigners or “outsiders”. This may be explicit and obvious, such as discrimination against recent migrants or refugees. It may also be less directly tied to a recent migration history and may target members of different communities who have lived alongside each other for generations. The Special Rapporteur lays down key elements that need to be taken into consideration in order to enhance the effectiveness of policies and measures to combat xenophobia.

2015

A/HRC/29/46
Racial and ethnic profiling in law enforcement

 

The report examines the use of racial and ethnic profiling by law enforcement, security and border control officials, particularly in the context of immigration and national security policies.
The Special Rapporteur examines the contexts that have led to the use of racial and ethnic profiling and provides an overview of the different manifestations. He discusses the legal, policy and regulatory frameworks prohibiting racial and ethnic profiling, and the policies and laws adopted at the international, regional and national levels, and then presents different examples of good practices that have been initiated to counter and eliminate the use of racial and ethnic profiling.

2014

A/HRC/26/49
Manifestations of racism on the Internet and social media

 

The Special Rapporteur examines the context, key trends and the manifestations of racism on the Internet and social media, and provides an overview of the legal and policy frameworks and the measures taken at international, regional and national levels, as well as some of the regulatory norms adopted by Internet and social network providers. He presents examples of measures taken to respond to the use of the Internet and social media to propagate racism, hatred, xenophobia and related intolerance, while highlighting the overall positive contribution of the Internet and social media as an effective tool for combating racism, discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance.

2013

A/HRC/23/56
The role of education to prevent racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance

As a follow-up to his commitment to focus on both prevention and enforcement mechanisms, the Special Rapporteur focuses on the central role of education to preventing and combating racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance, given its role in creating new values and attitudes.

2012

A/HRC/20/33
The prevention of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance in line with the provisions of the Durban documents

 

The report focuses on the prevention of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance in line with the provisions of the Durban documents: The Durban Declaration and Programme of Action underlines the central role of measures of prevention aimed at the eradication of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance at the national, regional and international levels. The outcome document of the Durban Review Conference further stresses the need to increase appropriate preventive measures and emphasizes the important role that Governments, international and regional organizations, national human rights institutions, the media, non-governmental organizations and civil society can play in developing such measures.

2011

A/HRC/17/40

This report addresses racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance against the Roma people and discrimination based on work and descent, including discrimination based on caste and analogous systems of inherited status.

2010

A/HRC/14/43

This report focuses on the thematic issue of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance and situations of conflict and distinguishes between pre-conflict, conflict, and post-conflict situations. In the pre-conflict section, there is an analysis of how racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance marginalize certain groups of society, which contributes to the triggering of tensions or acts of violence between certain groups of the population. This can include issues of the concept of national identity, socioeconomic discrimination, and the political manipulation of racist or nationalist ideology. In the situations of conflict section, the Special Rapporteur examines how speech may exacerbate and aggravate violence perpetrated against certain individuals or groups of individuals in situations of conflict. In the post-conflict section, the Special Rapporteur addresses the need to address the root causes of conflict in order to ensure lasting and sustainable peace and reconciliation. This may include acknowledging the ethnic or racial dimension of the conflict, recognizing and addressing human rights violations, including racial discrimination, maintaining vigilance on renewed incitement to hatred and violence, and ensuring the participation of and genuine dialogue among all components of society.

2009

A/HRC/11/36

This report focuses on the thematic issue of poverty and racism. A central dimension of the fight against racism is the overlap between two key social indicators: class and race or ethnicity. Because of many reasons, including the lack of ethnically disaggregated data, the links between these indicators have not been fully explored. However, the socioeconomic vulnerability of minorities is generally the result of historic legacy, such as slavery in the American continent, systems of inherited status, and systems of formalized and State-sponsored discrimination against minorities around the world. The Special Rapporteur then addresses the need for special measures to correct historical imbalances.

2008

A/HRC/7/19 

This report addresses contemporary manifestations of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance. These manifestations include political programmes which incite or encourage racial discrimination, including trivialization of racism, racial discrimination and xenophobia and the increased influence of extreme right-wing parties and movements; incitement to racial, ethnic or religious hatred; religious intolerance; rejection of multiculturalism; discrimination against refugees, immigrants and asylum-seekers, including in waiting areas where there is lack of access to redress or defense, physical and verbal violence of a racist nature, the absence of lack of hygiene, and the inadequacy of measures to protect women and children; and discrimination on the grounds of caste, which affects 250 million people around the world, particularly in Asia and Africa.

2007

A/HRC/4/19

This report addresses contemporary manifestations of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance. These manifestations include incitement to racial or religious hatred, which include the trivialization of racism and xenophobia at the political level, the refusal of diversity, and in the hierarchical structure of fundamental freedoms; Islamophobia, anti-Semitism and Christianophobia; multiculturalism and racism; racism, discrimination and xenophobia at points of entry, and in reception and waiting areas experienced by asylum-seekers, refugees, and immigrants; and racism and sport.

2006

E/CN.4/2006/16

This report addresses contemporary manifestations of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance. These manifestations include multiculturalism and racism, which is an underlying factor and central issue in present-day crises in most regions of the world; anti-Semitism, which is exhibited through an increase in individual acts, resilience of intellectual legitimization, and political exploitation, and Christianophobia; intellectual legitimization of racism and xenophobia; racism, discrimination and xenophobia at points of entry, and in reception and waiting areas experienced by asylum-seekers, refugees and immigrants; and racism and sport.

2005

E/CN.4/2005/18

This report addresses contemporary manifestations of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance. These manifestations include the impact of identity constructions on racism, discrimination and xenophobia, which led to racist and violent acts committed to protect a national identity that is “in peril”; the hierarchy of forms of discrimination and intellectual justification of racism and xenophobia, which represents a serious setback in the fight against racism and racial discrimination; the rise of parties and movements with racist and xenophobic platforms; racism and sport; and discrimination against the Roma, in areas including health and education.

2004

E/CN.4/2004/18

This report addresses contemporary manifestations of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance. These manifestations include isolationism and the rejection of ethnic and cultural diversity, encouraged by the globalization’s encouragement of uniformity; racial profiling in areas such as criminal justice, immigration, and counter-terrorism efforts; racial discrimination against the Roma people; and expressions of racism related to anti-Semitism and Islamophobia.

2003

E/CN.4/2003/24

This report addresses contemporary expressions of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance. These expressions include the prevalence of racism, racial discrimination and xenophobia in politics, highlighting the situation in Côte d’Ivoire and Guyana; racial discrimination against the Roma people; and anti-Semitism

2002

E/CN.4/2002/24

This report addresses contemporary manifestations of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance. These manifestations include the impact of the attacks of 11 September 2001 in the United States of America on Muslims Arabs and other population groups of Asian origin, which includes an increase in insults, physical assaults, and destruction of property; anti-Semitism; racist violence and activities of far-right, neo-Nazi, and skinhead organizations; and the situation of the Roma people.

2001

E/CN.4/2001/21

This report addresses contemporary manifestations of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance. These manifestations include anti-Semitism; racist violence, activities of far-right neo-Nazi and skinhead organizations and other racist act; discriminatory application of the death penalty, particularly in the United States; environmental racism, particularly the situation of a community with 90 percent African-Americans in Florida that is threatened by the presence of of a toxic waste dump close to their residential area; discrimination in combating drug use and trafficking, particularly in the United States where black people comprise the great majority of drug offenders sent to prison despite the fact that most drug offenders are white; and the situation of the Dalits, especially women, who are the victims of violence and atrocities.

2000

E/CN.4/2000/16

This report addresses contemporary manifestations of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance. The manifestations addressed include discrimination against Black people, including in the criminal justice system in the United States; anti-Semitism around the world; and discrimination against the Roma.

1999

E/CN.4/1999/15

This report addresses contemporary manifestations of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance. Manifestations include the activities of the far right and neo-Nazi movements; discrimination against Black people; racism and racial discrimination against Arab people; anti-Semitism; discrimination against the Roma people, including police violence, violence by skinheads and others, and systematic racial discrimination in education, entry to public spaces, and citizenship; and the question of the untouchables in India.

1998

E/CN.4/1998/79

This report addresses contemporary manifestations of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance. These manifestations include discrimination against Black people; discrimination against Arabs and Muslims; perpetration of anti-Semitic acts in certain countries; discrimination against the Roma people; discrimination against migrant workers; and discrimination and incitement to racial hatred on the Internet.

1997

E/CN.4/1997/71

This report addresses the contemporary manifestations of racism, racial discrimination and xenophobia. The manifestations include contributions by Governments and public bodies to action; discrimination against Black people and Arab people; anti-Semitism; discrimination against the Roma people; and discrimination against migrant workers.

1996

E/CN.4/1996/72
 

This report addresses the activities of the Special Rapporteur and the thematic issue of anti-Semitism throughout the world. He includes a segment of a communication from the Israeli Government detailing the worldwide escalation of violent anti-Semitic activities, including violent attacks, damage to cemeteries, Jewish institutions and property, and the increasingly sophisticated methods for disseminating anti-Semitic propaganda.

1995

E/CN.4/1995/78

This report addresses contemporary manifestations of racism and racial discrimination and incidents based on communications from four Turkish organizations describing numerous racist and xenophobic incidents in Germany, Austria, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, and Switzerland. These incidents involve attacks on asylum-seekers, Turkish individuals, Jewish people, people of African descent, Pakistani individuals, Senegal citizens, refugees, and Brazilian individuals. It then discusses measures taken by the Governments to address these incidents.

1994

E/CN.4/1994/66

This report discusses various concerns of the mandate of the Special Rapporteur, including institutionalized and indirect forms of racial discrimination; developed countries becoming ideal breeding grounds for new forms of racial discrimination; minorities and migrant workers becoming victims of racial discrimination; the impact of racism and racial discrimination by conflicts over economic resources; and the indivisibility and interrelatedness of rights and fundamental freedoms.


In this section
Issues in focus
Contact the Special Rapporteur

Ms. E. Tendayi Achiume
Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance
Palais des Nations
CH-1211 Geneva 10
Switzerland
Fax: +41 22 917 9006
Email: racism@ohchr.org

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