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Special Rapporteur on the negative impact of the unilateral coercive measures on the enjoyment of human rights

Introduction

Ms. Alena Douhan, Special Rapporteur on unilateral coercive measures
Special Rapporteur on the negative impact of the unilateral coercive measures on the enjoyment of human rights, Ms. Alena Douhan.

In several resolutions and declarations adopted by United Nations entities, human rights bodies, including the Commission on Human Rights, increasing concerns were expressed about the negative impact of sanction, including unilateral coercive measures, on the enjoyment of human rights, particularly their negative impact on the human rights of the civilian population of targeted. The Human Rights Council has followed this trend.

On 26 September 2014, the Human Rights Council adopted resolution 27/21 and Corr.1 on human rights and unilateral coercive measures. The resolution stresses that unilateral coercive measures and legislation are contrary to international law, international humanitarian law, the Charter and the norms and principles governing peaceful relations among States, and highlights that on long-term, these measures may result in social problems and raise humanitarian concerns in the States targeted. Highlighting the deep-rooted problems and grievances within the international system and in order to ensure multilateralism, mutual respect and the peaceful settlement of disputes, the Human Rights Council decided to create the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the negative impact of unilateral coercive measures on the enjoyment of human rights.

Ms. Alena Douhan was appointed by the Human Rights Council, at its 43rd session, as the Special Rapporteur on the negative impact of the unilateral coercive measures on the enjoyment of human rights. She took her office on 25 March 2020.



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Call for input

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Highlights

On 22 September, the Special Rapporteur had her first interactive dialogue with the Human Rights Council, during which she presented to her first thematic report (A/HRC/45/7).

On 18 September, the Special Rapporteur attended an online meeting with the Permanent Missions and Permanent Observer Missions of Non-Aligned Movement’s (NAM) Member States, organized by Permanent Mission of Azerbaijan, in its capacity of the Chair of the NAM Geneva Chapter. During the meeting, Ms. Douhan briefed the participants about her mandate, its activities, outreach and plans.

On 18 August 2020, the Special Rapporteur was interviewed by the Truthside tv YouTube channel. During the interview, the Special Rapporteur explained the purpose of her mandate, made an overview of sanctions, spoke about legal framework of unilateral sanctions and their impact on human rights, especially in the course of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Webinar on "The Impact of UCMs on the Global Fight Against the COVID-19", hosted by the Permanent Missions of Belarus, China, Cuba, Iran, Nicaragua, Russia, Syria, Venezuela and Zimbabwe to the United Nations, in New York, on 2 June 2020

Guidance Note: negative impact of unilateral sanctions on human rights during the state of emergency

BBC Hard Talk interview with UN Special Rapporteur Idriss Jazairy

Un tiers de la population mondiale habite dans des pays touchés par des sanctions, affirme un expert de l'ONU

Interview on Sanctions on Iran and Cuba need phasing out, says expert

Special Rapporteur

Ms. Alena Douhan (Belarus)
25 March 2020 - present

Former Special Rapporteur

Mr. Idriss Jazairy (Algeria)
1 May 2015 - 9 December 2019


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Contact

Ms. Alena Douhan
Special Rapporteur on the negative impact of the unilateral coercive measures on the enjoyment of human rights
Palais des Nations CH-1211 Geneva 10
Email : ucm@ohchr.org

Sharof Azizov
Human Rights Officer
Office 5-05, Avenue Giuseppe Motta 48, 1202 Genève, Switzerland
Email : sazizov@ohchr.org