Service regulation and human rights to water and sanitation

Pursuant to Human Rights Council Resolution 27/7 of 2014 and 33/10 of 2016, the Special Rapporteur on the human rights to safe drinking water and sanitation, Mr. Léo Heller, was mandated to work on identifying challenges and obstacles to the full realization of the rights, as well as protection gaps, good practices and enabling factors.

The Special Rapporteur will present a report on the subject of regulation of water and sanitation services in the context of realization of human rights to the Human Rights Council at its 36th session in September 2017.

Advanced edited version of the report in English is now available (E)

Summary leaflet of the report is now available:
“Tools for transformation: Service regulation and the human rights to water and sanitation”
(English | French | Spanish)


As part of the consultation process, the Special Rapporteur invited States, intergovernmental organizations, national and international non-governmental organizations, national human rights institutions, United Nations agencies and entities, academia and all other interested stakeholders to contribute their views and perspectives in writing through a questionnaire. The deadline for submission was 7 April 2017.

A total of 48 submissions were received. 21 submissions were received from States and 27 submissions were received from non-State actors including civil society organizations, private service providers, academia and international organizations. Late submissions were not considered for the report.

Expert consultation

On 23 and 24 May 2017, the Special Rapporteur convened an expert consultation on service regulation of water and sanitation in Rio de Janeiro (Programme).