GENEVA (24 June 2014) – The United Nations Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Belarus, Miklós Haraszti, welcomed the release from prison of human rights defender Ales Bialiatski, but called for the immediate and unconditional release of all political prisoners and their full rehabilitation.
Bialiatski, founder of the Human Rights Centre Viasna, recipient of various human rights awards and Nobel Peace Prize nominee, was sentenced in November 2011 for tax evasion to four-and-a-half years in prison and confiscation of all his assets.
“In fact, the trumped-up charges against Bialiatski were directly linked to the fact that NGO activity is heavily curtailed by restricting access to funding,” the independent expert said.
Viasna, which has provided legal assistance to Belarusians arrested or imprisoned during the crackdown on activists and journalists in the aftermath of the 2010 presidential elections, has repeatedly attempted to re-register with Belarusian authorities, following its dissolution by the Supreme Court in 2003. As a consequence, Viasna was not allowed to keep a bank account in Belarus and Bialiatski had to keep the account abroad. This is what the authorities used to accuse him of tax fraud.
The Special Rapporteur highlighted the systemic violations of the right to freedom of association, in particular the restrictive regulations relating to registration and activities of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and the criminalisation of membership in unregistered NGOs.
“Belarus must comply with its international obligations concerning freedom of association and create conditions to guarantee human rights defenders the ability to do their work in a safe and secure environment,” Haraszti said, expressing concern that Viasna, one of the largest NGOs in the country, has consistently been denied registration.
NGO legislation in force in Belarus requires lengthy and complicated registration procedures, bans the activity of unregistered associations and criminalises membership in such organisations.
“Belarus’ systematically restrictive regulations relating to registration and activities of civil society organisations must be reviewed, without delay,” the Special Rapporteur said.
He also drew attention to the situation of those who remain imprisoned. “Like a number of other opponents and activists whose sentences appear to have been politically motivated, Bialiatski faced psychological and physical pressure while deprived of liberty and subjected to repeated arbitrary disciplinary punishments for allegedly violating the rules of the penal colony,” the Special Rapporteur said.
“These punishments included limiting access to relatives, lawyers, correspondence and communication and practices that could be viewed as amounting to ill-treatment or even torture,” Haraszti stressed.
To date, several political prisoners remain in detention in Belarus, including the 2010 presidential candidate Mikalai Statkevich, who is serving six years in prison on charges of organising mass riots, ‘personal violence’ and resistance to public agents.
The Special Rapporteur noted that the Belarusian Government had received and accepted recommendations from other UN Member States to improve the human rights situations in the country and to fulfil their human rights obligations through the Universal Periodic Review process (UPR). However, he underscored that Belarus has not yet implemented the recommendation to take necessary measures to ensure freedom of expression and association and, specifically, to simplify the registration procedure for public associations, including NGOs, political parties and trade unions, to remove the prohibition against any activity by non-registered associations, and to abolish article 193-1 of the Criminal Code, which criminalises the carrying out of an activity within such a non-registered organization.
The United Nations Human Rights Council established the mandate of Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Belarus in March 2012. As a Special Rapporteur, Miklós Haraszti (Hungary) is independent of any government or organisation, and serves in his individual capacity. In the 70s, Mr. Haraszti was a founder of Hungary’s human rights and free press movement, and in the 1990s he was a Member of the Hungarian Parliament. From 2004 to 2010, he served as the OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media. Since 2010, he has been a Professor at several universities teaching media democratisation. Learn more, log on to: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/SP/CountriesMandates/BY/Pages/SRBelarus.aspx
Read Mr. Haraszti’s reports on Belarus: http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?m=140
UN Human Rights, country page – Belarus: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/countries/ENACARegion/Pages/BYIndex.aspx
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