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UN experts urge Philippines to tackle “chronic” prison overcrowding

GENEVA (3 June 2015) – The UN’s torture prevention body has urged the Philippines to deal urgently with prison overcrowding and improve independent  monitoring of places of detention as part of efforts to protect people deprived of their liberty against torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment

The call came at the end of the first visit to the Philippines by the Sub-Committee on the Prevention of Torture (SPT), when the six member delegation presented its confidential preliminary observations to the Filipino authorities. 

“We hope, and expect, that the Government of the Philippines will use our report to improve the conditions of people deprived of their liberty, in particular by dealing with the chronic problem of overcrowding in places of detention.  We encourage the Government to find solutions to overcrowding as a priority,” said Suzanne Jabbour, who headed the SPT delegation.

The SPT also highlighted the importance of the Philippines enacting a law to establish an effective national independent monitoring body, known as a National Preventive Mechanism (NPM) as soon as possible this year,  
“We believe that an effective, independent and well-resourced National Preventive Mechanism will be crucial to prevent torture and ill-treatment and to improve conditions of detention through a system of regular visits,” said Ms. Jabbour.  She noted that the Philippines, to meet its treaty obligations, should have set up such an NPM by April 2013 and encouraged the Government to move swiftly to establish such a body this year.

Among the places the experts visited during their 10 days in the Philippines were police stations, pre-trial facilities, prisons, a juvenile rehabilitation centre, correctional institute for women and a psychiatric hospital.  Members of the delegation carried out private and confidential interviews with law enforcement officials, medical staff and persons deprived of their liberty.  The SPT delegation met the relevant authorities, including the Senate, the House of Representatives, members of government departments, and civil society representatives.

Following the visit, the SPT will submit a confidential report to the Government of the Philippines, containing its observations and recommendations on prevention of torture and ill-treatment of persons deprived of their liberty.  As with all other States, the SPT is encouraging the Philippines to make this report public.

The SPT delegation was composed of Suzanne Jabbour, Arman Danielyan, Marija Definis-Gojanovic, Lorevan González Pinto, Milos Jankovic, and Aneta Stanchevska.


For media requests, please contact: Suzanne Jabbour (available until 5pm Manila time) suzijab@hotmail.com  + 961 76 776 678,
For more information, in Geneva: Liz Throssell, +41 (0) 22 917 9466/ ethrossell@ohchr.org


The SPT’s role is to prevent torture, cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment and punishment of detainees and it has a mandate to visit all States that are parties to the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture (OPCAT).

For the SPT, the key to preventing torture and ill-treatment lies in building constructive relations with the State concerned, and its guiding principles are co-operation and confidentiality.

The Optional Protocol on the Prevention of Torture has to date been ratified by 78 countries. 

The SPT communicates its recommendations and observations to the State by means of a confidential report, and if necessary to National Preventive Mechanisms. However, State parties are encouraged to request that the SPT makes these reports public.

More about the SPT:  http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/OPCAT/Pages/OPCATIndex.aspx