GENEVA (4 October 2017) - UN experts* are calling for urgent dialogue in the aftermath of the vote on Catalonia’s independence from Spain, and are stressing the need for human rights to be fully respected.
“We were deeply disturbed by the eruption of violence on Sunday, 1 October 2017, as the vote took place in Catalonia,” the experts said in a joint statement. “A way forward has to be found through political dialogue. We urge the re-establishment of effective dialogue as a first step to defusing the situation.
“We urge the Spanish authorities to fully respect fundamental human rights, including the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and association, participation in public affairs and freedom of expression,” the experts added.
The experts also called for an investigation into why hundreds of people protesting peacefully or seeking to vote and manifest their opinions, as well as some police officers, were reportedly injured. The referendum had been declared unlawful by Spain’s constitutional court and police attempted to stop the vote.
Annalisa Ciampi, the UN Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association, stressed that Spain had a duty to respect and protect people’s right to gather for peaceful protests.
“This requires ensuring that all measures to manage public protest and assembly are in conformity with Spain's international obligations. Any use of force by police must be both necessary and proportionate," said Ms. Ciampi.
*The UN experts:
Ms Annalisa Ciampi,
Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association;
Ms. Leilani Farha, Special Rapporteur on
adequate housing as a component of the right to an adequate standard of living, and on the right to non-discrimination in this context;
Mr. Alfred de Zayas,
Independent Expert on the promotion of a democratic and equitable international order;
Mr. José Antonio Guevara Bermúdez, Chair-Rapporteur of the
Working Group on Arbitrary Detention.
The Special Rapporteurs are part of what is known as the
Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council. Special Procedures, the largest body of independent experts in the UN Human Rights system, is the general name of the Council’s independent fact-finding and monitoring mechanisms that address either specific country situations or thematic issues in all parts of the world. Special Procedures’ experts work on a voluntary basis; they are not UN staff and do not receive a salary for their work. They are independent from any government or organization and serve in their individual capacity.
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