Universal Declaration of Human Rights

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Source: Nepal Hyolmo Social Service Association


Native Name

Total Speakers
According to the latest national census 2011, of their total 10,752 population 10,176 speak their mother tongue, which is 99 percent.

Usage By Country
Besides Nepal, this language is spoken in India, Bhutan and Tibet.

Hyolmo also known as Yolmo are one of the 59 indigenous peoples recognized by Nepal government, residing in the Helambu region. They famously call themselves Yolmopa or Hyolopa. They have been residing in the region called Helambu, directly north of the Kathmandu valley, bordering with Tibet. The Hyomo region is said to have found by prominent Guru Rinpoche (Padmasambhav), during 8th century. They follow Buddhism. The term Yolmo or Hyolmo is made up of two words—‘Hyol’, which means a place or area which surrounded by majestic mountains and ‘Mo’ means a goddess. The meaning is that the community living in the region protected or preserved by Goddess namely Jyomo and Yangri. Yolmopa are animist and nature worshippers. Yolmopa have a distinct culture, rituals, customs and lifestyles. Helambu and Tarkeghyang area in the north-west of Sindhupalchowk district, the east of Nuwakot district and in the south-east border of Rasuwa are the traditional homeland of Yolmo/Hyolmo. Hyolmo/Yolmos are also in Nuwakot and Dhading district primarily based in the hilly region.

Received 3/31/2014
Checked 3/31/2014