Universal Declaration of Human Rights

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Tamang (Tam)

Source: Nepal Tamang Ghedung, Nepal


Native Name

Total Speakers
Tamangs have their own language which is called ‘Tamang’ language, comes from Tibeto-Burman language family. According to latest national Census 2011, of the total 1,539,830, as many as 1,353,311 Tamang speak their mother tongue, Tamang language speaking population stands around 90 percent of the total Tamang population. 

Usage By Country

Nepal, also Darjeling, Sikkim, Asam and Nagaland of India and in Burma and Bhutan.

Tamang make up the largest indigenous peoples among the 59 so far recognized by Nepal government. The term Tamang is made up of two words—Ta which means horse and Mang, which means rider or trader. It is assumed that they were connected with business of horse trading or riding. They have their own distinct religion, language, culture, customs, rituals and lifestyles. They are spread all over the country, and beyond Nepal, they are especially found in large numbers in Darjeling, Sikkim, Asam and Nagaland of India and in Burma and Bhutan. According to the latest national census 2011, their population stands around 1,539,830, which is about 6 percent of the total population of the country. Besides, Nepal an estimation puts that approximately 2 million Tamang live in different parts of India, Bhutan and Burma. Tamang are very rich in their tradition and culture. They have their own language, culture, dress and social structure. They have over 100 sub-clans. Tamang believe in Buddhism.

Received 4/22/2000
Checked 3/31/2013